Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il Introduction to Rabbinic Literature Dr Moshe Lavee

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il Introduction to Rabbinic Literature Dr Moshe Lavee </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il Rabbinic Literature of Late Antiquity " = The Literature of our Sages of blessed Memory , The oral Torah A window to the process, preserving accepted and rejected books. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il Rabbinic Literature of Late Antiquity A fragment of lost rabbinic work (the Proems Midrash). Found in the Cairo Genizah. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il The Literature of our Sages The sages = Rabbis who lived mainly in the first half of the first millenium Tannaim = (from aramaic, lit. Recitors) = The sages of the 1 st early 3 rd century Amoraim = (from aramaic, lit. anouncers) Their Literature: The Mishnah The Tosephta The Tamuds, The Midrash, . </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> When? Rabbinic Literature is the product of the scholarly and intellectual activities of many generations: Second Temple Period people The Tannaim The Amoraim Later redactors, Tradent (also called , from Aramaic, lit. exegesis). Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Where? Rabbinic literature evolved in The Land of Israel (=Palestine) and in (=Babylon). A process of creative transmission continued well into the beginning of the second millenium. Thus some works carry signs of later influence (European, North Africa). Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> What kind of literature is it? Legal Materials: The Mishnah Mishnaic based works: The Tosephta (lit. the addition, a compilations of additions to the mishnah The Talmuds (lit. the studies, compilations of discussion on and in relation to the Mishnah) Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> What kind of literature is it? Midrashic Materials: Midrash = An anthology of commentaries, deliberations, sermons or homilies of biblical texts. Aggadic vs. Halakhic: Dealing with the legal / narrative materials in the Bible. Exegetical vs. Homilitical Explaining every single verse / devoting a structured unit for each liturgical lection. Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> The Oral Law A conception of the Jewish canon as comprises of two main sections: The Written Law , = The Pentateuch, The Hebrew Bible " = , = Torah, Prophets, Writings The Oral Law = Rabbinic Literature Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Why Oral Law A religious doctrine: The Oral Law was given to Moses in Sinai with the Written Law. The Oral Law was later written down in Rabbinic works. A social/historical perspective: Rabbinic literature was formed, evolved and transmitted orally. Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> A list from the desk of a Rabbi A list of verses and laws to the Weekly Readings (Oded Rosenblum) The Rational: Homiletic unity; The law as an organizing principle. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il How central is the Rabbinic Literature for Jewish Culture? based on ~600 books listed by R. Yosef Rosh Ha-Seder. A statstic of books listed by a 12 th -13 th century Rabbi. Talmudic, Halakhic Biblical Midrashic All the rest: prose, Philosophy, Science, Liturgy, etc. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> , , 36 , ? ; 44, '- : , , , , . ': ? AGGADIC MIDRASH AMONG MISCELENOUS WORKS IN CATEGORIAL LISTS OF BOOKS , , , , , 34, - </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Moshe Lavee, The University of Haifa, mlavee@research.haifa.ac.il A Historical Evidence on The Use of Rabbinic Literature Genizah Fragment ENA 637.4-5. A debate in syngouge about liturgical poetry. Quoting Aggadic Midrash as an authorial source. </li> </ul>