modern and contemporary 1900-present
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DESCRIPTIONModern and Contemporary 1900-Present. Modern and Contemporary. The turn of the century (19 th -20 th ) was full of isms. Time of diversity of styles, experimentation and creativity within the art world. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Modern and Contemporary 1900-Present
Modern and Contemporary 1900-PresentModern and ContemporaryThe turn of the century (19th-20th) was full of isms. Time of diversity of styles, experimentation and creativity within the art world. Many of these isms reflected the political, social, literary, philosophical, industrial, and scientific influences in a rapidly changing world.
Examples of isms during this timeExpressionism FauvismCubismFuturismSurrealismAutomatismConstructivismMinimalismabstractionism
All of the different movements during this time.They may have borrowed some small technique or style from past movements But they still maintained their own identityDuring this time there was optimism however there was also dark times reflecting the turmoil of the timesThere were challenging political forces that thrust artist into the unknown and artist translated their interpretations of what was happening through various forms of artwork.
Techniques of this timeUse of color in expressionistic mannerThe fragmentation of objectsThe non-objective creations of lines and shapesThe repetition of form to create movementAnalytical definition of objects
Art in the 20th century America also reflected the diversity of American citizens.Jacob Lawrence began portraying the everyday lives of African Americans:Paved the way for generations of new African American artist. ConfrontationAt the bridge, 1975.
Mexicos great muralist Diego Rivera (1886-1957) was a revolutionary painter who took art to the public in a big way, social relevance.Flower sellerExplored the Struggles of the Working class. Reintroduced fresco
Mural by Rivera
InfluencesThe Russian Revolution and World War I spread fear around the worldScientific advancements were numerous Many medical advancements were taking place during this timePhilosophical way of thinking and rise of psychology
Influences contThe world was becoming smaller with the advancement of technology in mass communication .Knowledge about other places and people was available easily. Artist: EuropeanSalvador Dali (1904-1989)A great surrealist, born in SpainSurrealist movement was greatly influenced by theories of psychiatrist Sigmund Freud and belief that dreams were windows into the subconscious mind. Surrealism: 20th century art movement that produced works containing elements of dreams, fantasy or irrationality.Many surrealist painting are unconventional and startling as dreams.The persistence of Memory
Swans reflecting elephants
Pablo Picasso 1881-1973Played a role in almost every 20th century art movement.Created around 22,000 works of art in his life time in a variety of media: sculpture, ceramics, mosaics, stage design, graphic arts.He experimented with abstraction and use of colorKnown for his color periods: a Blue Period and a Rose PeriodBlue Period
Picasso contPicasso was intrigued by African art and masksThis led to the beginning of his ideas of CubismPablo Picasso and Georges Braque developed CubismCubism: A 20th century art movement in which the subject matter is broken up. Analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form, emphasizing geometric shapes.
Georgia OKeefe 1887-1986American artisitShe was an art teacherFamous for painting large flowersAlso, for creating large scale abstraction using natural formWhite flower on Red EarthCows Skull
Andy Warhol 1928-1987Began making work of everyday images from pop cultureCommercial artist and printerBecame famous for his Campbell soup can imagesWas famous for Pop Art and focused on celebrities and everyday objects of mass production
Pop Art: An art style, also known as Neo-Dada developed in the 1950s. Pop artists depicted and satirized popular culture such as mass media symbols, comic strips, fast food, billboards, and brand name products.
Dorothea LangeInfluential photographer and photo journalistLange's photographs humanized the tragic consequences of the Great Depression and profoundly influenced the development of documentary photographs. Main photographer of the Depression Era.
Frank Lloyd WrightAmerican architect, writer, interior designer and educatorPromoted organic architectureHis work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, sky scrapers, hotels, and museums.Frank Lloyd Wright (1867 - 1959), Fallingwater, Kaufmann House, Bear Run, Pennsylvania, 1936. What is Architecture