Minneapolis Warehouse Historic District Design Warehouse Historic District Design Guidelines Prepared for the Minneapolis Heritage Preservation Commission Minneapolis, MN By City of Minneapolis Community Planning Economic Development

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<ul><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelines</p><p>Preparedforthe</p><p>MinneapolisHeritagePreservationCommissionMinneapolis,MN</p><p>ByCityofMinneapolis</p><p>CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment(CPED)PlanningDivision</p><p>Adoptedbythe</p><p>MinneapolisHeritagePreservationCommissionMarch2,2010</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 1</p><p>AcknowledgementsMayorandCityCounciloftheCityofMinneapolisR.T.Rybak,MayorBarbaraJohnson,CityCouncilPresidentKevinReichCamGordonDianeHofstedeDonSamuelsRobertLilligren</p><p>LisaGoodmanElizabethGliddenGarySchiffMegTuthillJohnQuincySandyColvinRoyBetsyHodges</p><p>HeritagePreservationCommissionChadLarsen,ChairKevinKelleyDenitaLemmonKathleenAndersonJohnCrippen</p><p>MeghanElliottChristinaHarrisonGinnyLackovicLindaMackDeborahMorseKahn</p><p>TechnicalAdvisoryGroupRobertCarlson,CityofMinneapolis,PublicWorksBethElliot,CityofMinneapolis,CPEDPlanningMichaelKoop,StateHistoricPreservationOfficePhillipKoski,MinneapolisChapterofAmericanInstituteofArchitectsDenitaLemmon,CityofMinneapolisHeritagePreservationCommissionCharleneRoise,PreserveMinneapolisJohnStark,MinneapolisChapterofAmericanInstituteofArchitectsJenniferWalden,NorthLoopNeighborhoodAssociation</p><p>DepartmentofCommunityPlanningandEconomicDevelopment(CPED)MikeChristenson,ExecutiveDirectorBarbSporlein,PlanningDirectorJackByers,ManagerCPEDPlanning:PreservationandDesignBinoyPanicker,SeniorCityPlannerandUrbanDesignerBrianSchaffer,SeniorCityPlanner,ProjectManagerDianaArmstrong,CommitteeClerk</p><p>SpecialThanksforCollegialReviewKarlDrecktrah,MillerDunwiddie,MinneapolisChapterofAmericanInstituteofArchitectsDanielGreen,MillerDunwiddie,MinneapolisChapterofAmericanInstituteofArchitects</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 2</p><p>TableofContentsIntroduction 4</p><p>TheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictAnOverviewDistinctiveAreasoftheWarehouseHistoricDistrictPurposeandOrganizationoftheWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesRequirements,Advisory,&amp;OtherConsiderationsGuidingPrincipals</p><p>PartI:GuidelinesforInfrastructureandPublicRealm 11</p><p>RailInfrastructureNetwork:RailCorridors&amp;RailSpursTheWarehouseDistrictStreetSystemDesignandMaterialsforthePublicRealmStreetLandscape,Parks,andOpenSpaceSkywaysMaintenance</p><p>PartII:DesignGuidelinesforExistingBuildings 19</p><p>GeneralGuidanceFacadeMaterialsFenestrationWindowsFenestrationEntrywaysFenestrationStorefront&amp;DisplayAreasFenestrationBalconiesFenestration:Canopies&amp;AwningsLoadingDocksRoofs&amp;ParapetsRooftopAdditionsBuildingAdditionstotheSide&amp;RearofExistingBuildingsAccessoryStructures</p><p>PartIII:DesignGuidelinesforNewBuildingsonInfillSites 26 InfillSiteDesign StreetWall StreetWallBuildingplacement AccessPointsPedestrianInterface AccessPointsVehicularInterface&amp;Parking AccessPointsLoadingAreas AccessoryStructures</p><p>DesignforNewBuildings Massing Scale Rhythm Fenestration FenestrationBuildingEnvelope FenestrationWindows FenestrationEntryways FenestrationStorefronts&amp;DisplayAreas FenestrationBalconies FenestrationCanopies&amp;Awnings Materials ArchitecturalDetails</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 3</p><p>PartIV:RailYardsArea 36SiteDesign</p><p>CorridorsConnectionsGradeSeparation</p><p>DesignforNewBuildings Setbacks BuildingHeightAppendixAGlossaryofTerms 40AppendixBGeneralGuidelinesfortheTreatmentofHistoricProperties 43AppendixCListofContributingandNonContributingResources 46</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 4</p><p>IntroductionTheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictishistoricallysignificantasanareaofcommercialdevelopmentduringtheearlygrowthofthecityandtheregion.ThecityswarehousedistrictdevelopedduringthelatenineteenthandearlytwentiethcenturieswhenMinneapolisbecameamajordistributionandjobbingcenterfortheupperMidwest.Thecommercialdevelopmentofthewarehousingindustrieswasfacilitatedbytheconnectionstomarketscreatedbytherailroads.Theinterconnectednessoftheseindustriesmanifestsitselfphysicallythroughoutthedistrictfromgradechangestobuildinglocationstothedesignandorientationofthebuildings.</p><p>ThedistrictisalsoarchitecturallysignificantforitsconcentrationofcommercialbuildingsdesignedbythecitysleadingarchitectsinstylesthatevolvedfromtheItalianateStyleofthe1860stothecurtainwallstructuresoftheearlytwentiethcentury.</p><p>Thedistrictcontainsavarietyofresourcesrangingfrombuildingstobridgestorailroadcorridorstostreetsandalleys.Thesebuildings,structures,andsitestogethercreatetheculturallandscapewhichconveysthehistoryandsignificanceofthisarea.Itisimportanttorecognizehowalloftheseresourcescometogethertoformthecharacterofthedistrict.</p><p>Thefollowingdesignguidelineswerepreparedtoserveasatooltoprotecttheintegrityofthishistoricdistrict.Thedesignguidelineswillstewardthedistrictsresourcessothattheycancontinuetoconveytheirsignificanceforfuturegenerationstocome.Theguidelinesallowforsensitiveandcompatiblechangesthatwillallowthedistricttomaintainitsgrowthasanurbanneighborhoodthatsupportsavarietyofcommercial,industrialandresidentialuses.TheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictAnOverview</p><p>In1978,theCityofMinneapolisdesignatedtheNorthLoopMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictasalocalhistoricdistrict.Thedesignationfocusedonthewholesalingportionofthewarehouseindustry.In1989,theMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictwaslistedontheNationalRegisterofHistoricPlaces(NRHP).The1989NRHPdistrictcontainedalargergeographicareathanthe1978locallydesignateddistrict.ThiswasduetoNRHPdistrictcoveringtheentirewarehousingindustryinMinneapolisanditsconnectiontotherailroadindustry.In2009,theCityofMinneapolisexpandedtheboundariesofthelocalwarehousedistricttomatchtheboundariesoftheNRHPdistrictresultinginthelocaldesignationoftheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrict.</p><p>TheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictsperiodofsignificancecoversa65yearperiodofgrowthandchangeinMinneapolis,between1865and1930,thatculminatedintheextantdevelopmentpatterns,landscapes,buildingsandotherstructureswithinthedistrict.Thedevelopmentinthisareawassignificantlyinfluencedbytheintroductionoftherailroadtothisareain1867.Bytheearly1900s,theareawasservicedbysixdifferentrailroadcompanies,eachwithseparaterailyardsandassociatedstructureslocatedwithinoradjacenttotheWarehouseHistoricDistrict.</p><p>Theaccesstogoods,people,andnewterritoriescreatedbytheintroductionoftherailroadsintheareawasparamounttoitsgrowth.Twoofthesubsetsofthewarehousingindustrythatgrewandprosperedinthisareawerethejobbingorwholesalingindustry,whichin1919becameabilliondollarindustryinMinneapolisandwaslargerthanthemillingindustryandtheagriculturalimplementorfarmequipmentindustry.In1908,Minneapoliswasthelargestdistributionpointintheworldforagriculturalimplements.Thesuccessofthecommerceand</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 5</p><p>industriesinthedistrictisreflectiveofthenorthwesternagrarianexpansionoftheUnitedStatesthatwasfacilitatedbytherailroadindustry.</p><p>Theinfrastructureofthepublicrealmthestreets,alleys,andrailcorridorsshapedthebuiltformofthearea.Theyweretheprimaryformgeneratorsofthedistrictandthefeaturesandspatialrelationshiptheycreatearesignificanttodefiningtheheritageofthedistrict.Theintroductionoftherailcorridorsandrailyardsmodifiedtheexistingstreetgridandresultedinnewbuildingconfigurationstofacilitatedirectaccesstorail.Thegradeofthedistrictwasmodifiedandbridgesconstructedtoaccommodatetherailroads.Innewbuildingsadjacenttotherailcorridorsandrailyards,thisresultedinlocatingloadingdocksandcanopiesonstreetfacadesofbuildingsratherthanonalleysaswascustomaryinotherpartsofthedistrictanddowntown.</p><p>Theareaevolvedandgrew.Fueledbytheaccesstocommercegeneratedbythegrowthoftherailroads,thedistrictgrewfromtheareaaroundSecondStreetNorthandSecondAvenueNorthalongtwoprimaryaxes:southwestalongtheGreatNorthernRailroad(knowntodayastheBurlingtonNorthernSantaFe)RaillinesasreflectedinthegrowthalongThirdAvenueNorththroughFirstAvenueNorth;andnorthwestalongtheSooLineRailroad,NorthernPacificRaillines,andspurlinesoffoftheGreatNorthernRaillinesasreflectedinthegrowthalongFirstStreetNorth,WashingtonAvenueandThirdStreetNorth.</p><p>Movingoutfromtheoldcenterofthedistrictalongtheseaxestheexpansionoftheindustriesisevidencedinthesize,scaleanddesignofthelargerectilinearstructuresbuiltforwarehousingandmanufacturing.Thestructureswereworkhorsesdesignedforanindustrialpurpose,butthewealthgeneratedbythebusinessesandindustriesthatbuiltthesestructuresoftenaffordedtheseboxystructuresornatedetails.</p><p>Theexpansionandgrowthoftheindustriesandtheirstructuresillustratestheevolutionofindustryneeds,constructiontechnologies,andarchitectureovertheperiodofsignificanceandresultsinseveralidentitieswithinthedistrict.</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 6</p><p>DistinctiveCharacterAreasoftheMinneapolisWarehouseDistrict</p><p>Theevolutionofthedistrictovertheperiodofsignificancehasresultedindevelopmentpatternsthatshareadiscretegeographicboundary.Thesegeographicareashavetheirowncharacterbasedonthedevelopmentpatternsandscaleofthebuildings.ThesedistinctivecharacterareasaretheNineteenthCenturyWarehouseArea,TwentiethCenturyWarehouseArea,andtheRailYardsArea.Portionsoftheguidanceincludedinthesedesignguidelinesarespecificallydirectedtowardthesedistinctgeographicareas.</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 7</p><p>NineteenthCenturyWarehouseArea:ThisareaisboundedbyThirdAvenueNorthtothewestandFirstAvenueNorthtotheeast.ItincludespropertiesfrontingSecondAvenueNorth,FirstStreetNorth,SecondStreetNorth,andWashingtonAvenueNorth.ThisareawasadjacenttotheformercitycenterofBridgeSquare,andbytheearly1860stheareasalongFirstStreetNorthandWashingtonAvenueNorthstartedattractingcommercialdevelopment.In1867,thissectionofWashingtonAvenuewashometotwoagriculturalimplementdealers.FirstStreetNorthwashometoabank,ahotel,storesandtaverns.Duringtheexpansionoftherailroadinthe1880smanyoftheoriginalstructureswererazedandnewstructureswereconstructed,butduetotheoriginalplattingandpresenceofexistingstructuresthenewinfillstructuresmoreresembledtheoriginaldevelopmentpatternofthisareathanthenewandlargerwarehousesthatwerebeingconstructedinotherpartsofthedistrict.Thecharacteroftheareaisdefinedbythesesmallerscalestructures.TwentiethCenturyWarehouseArea:Fueledbytheaccesstocommercegeneratedbytherailroads,thedistrictgrewfromtheNineteenthCenturyWarehouseareaalongtwoprimaryaxes:southwestandnorthwest.SouthwestalongtheBurlingtonNorthernRaillines,asreflectedinthegrowthalongThirdAvenueNorththroughFirstAvenueNorth;andnorthwestalongtheSooLine,NorthernPacificRaillines,andspurlinesoffoftheBurlingtonNorthernRaillinesasreflectedinthegrowthalongFirstStreetNorth,WashingtonAvenueandThirdStreetNorth.AsonemovesoutfromtheNineteenthCenturyWarehouseAreaofthedistrictalongthesesaxesthesize,scaleanddesignofthestructuresareindicativeoftheexpansionoftheindustries.Thegrowthoftheindustrywasalsoreflectedinindividualbusinessesthatgrewtoobigfortheirbuildingsanddemandedlargerbuildingstoaccommodatetheirgrowingbusinesses.Theyassembledlargersites,comprisedofmultiplesmallerlots,toaccommodatethisrapidgrowth.Thefootprintsofthebuildingswerenottheonlyaspectofthebuildingtogrow;theirheightsgrewaswell.Thegrowthoftheindustriesinthelatenineteenthandearlytwentiethcenturycoincidedwithimprovementsinbuildingtechnologythatallowedfortallerstructures.Thesebuildingswerelargerectilinearboxesbuiltforwarehousingandmanufacturing.Thebuildingswereworkhorsesdesignedforanindustrialpurpose,butthewealthgeneratedbythebusinessesandindustriesthatbuiltthesebuildingsoftenaffordedthearchitectswhodesignedtheseboxybuildingstoembellishtheirbuildingswithornatedetails.ThescaleofthesenewstructurescreatesadifferentfeelingthanthecharacteroftheNineteenthCenturyWarehousearea.RailYardsArea:TheMinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictcontainstheformerrailyardfortheGreatNorthern(nowknownasBurlingtonNorthernSantaFeBNSF)&amp;MinneapolisSt.LouisRailroads(nowknownasUnionPacific).TheareaalsocontainstheactiveBNSFrailcorridor.ThisareaisboundedbyWashingtonAvenuetothenorthandFifthStreetNorthtothesouthandfollowstheformeralignmentofFourthAvenueNorthpriortotherailroads.The1890settlementofalawsuitledtothecreationofthelandscapeofthisarea.ThegradewasloweredfortheGreatNorthernandMinneapolis&amp;St.Louisrailyards.Therailyardswereseparatedfromtherailcorridorbyanadditionalgradechangesupportedbyastoneretainingwall.TheloweringofthegradenecessitatedadditionalaccesstotherailyardsandresultedintheformationofTrafficStreet.TheoriginalrailcorridorandrailyardscrossedWashington</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 8</p><p>AvenueNorth,Third,Fourth,andFifthStreetsNorthatgrade.Thismadereliableaccesstothelandtothewestoftherailyardsverydifficult.Theloweringoftherailcorridorandrailyardsgraderesultedinthebridgingofthesite.Thisbridgingreconnectedthisportionofthecityandprovidedimprovedaccesstothelandthatresultedinadditionalcommercialdevelopmentforthewarehousingandmanufacturingindustries.Thesitenolongercontainsbuildings,andonlyoneraillineisactiveatthistime,butthealterationtothelandscapecreatedbytherailroadsonthesiteisextant.LocatedwithinthesiteistheNorthStarCommuterRailStation.ThestationcurrentlyconnectstotheHiawathaLightRailLineatstreetlevel.Futureplansforthissiteincludeanexpandedrailstationwithconnectionformultiplemodesoftransitandtransportation.Thesitesoriginaldesignintentoftheloweredgraderemainsintact.Theloweredgraderelativetotheadjacentpropertiesisasignificantfeatureonthesite.ThisfeatureexemplifiesthetransformativepoweroftherailroadsonthelandscapeofthedistrictandisemblematicoftheinterconnectednessoftherailroadsandthewarehouseindustryinthecommercialgrowthofMinneapolisinthelatenineteenthandearlytwentiethcenturies.</p></li><li><p>MinneapolisWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelinesMarch2,2010CityofMinneapolis|CommunityPlanning&amp;EconomicDevelopment|HeritagePreservationCommission 9</p><p>PurposeandOrganizationoftheWarehouseHistoricDistrictDesignGuidelines</p><p>TheWarehouseHistoricDistrictdesignguidelinesareasetofdesignstandardsthathavebeencreatedtoprotecttheintegrityandcharacterofthedistrictandtoensurethatnewdevelopmentisintegratedinamannerthatissensitivetothehistoriccharacterofthisparticularplace.Theguidelinesweredevelopedtohelpstewardthedistrictsothatitcanconveyitssignificanceforgenerationstocome.Theyprovidethisstewardshipthroughinformingalterationstohistoricfeaturesandensuringthatnewinfillconstructionwillcomplementthehistoricdistrictandnotdetractfromthedistrictsoverallabilitytoconveyitssignificance.</p><p>Thedesignguidelinespromotethemain...</p></li></ul>