Mifflin County Sewer Plan 0608

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<p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLAN</p> <p>Acknowledgement:This Project was financed in part by a grant from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Community and Economic Development. Mifflin County Board of County Commissioners and contributions from Derry Township, Lewistown Borough and Burnham Borough provided the match to the States LUPTAP grant and additional financial assistance needed to cover this studys cost. The Commissioners of Mifflin County Mr. Mark A. Sunderland, Chairman Mr. Otis Riden, Vice Chairman Mr. Bob Reck, Secretary Advisory Committee: Mr. John Lacombe Mr. Victor Dimoff Mr. Dan Kochenderfer Mr. Tom Garver Mr Robert Rosenberry, Sr. Mr. Mike Dippery Mr. James Felmlee Mr. Richard Yohn Mr. Rob Postal Mr. John McCullough Mr. Earl Pete Weaver Mr. Dan Dunmire</p> <p>Mifflin County Planning and Development Department William A. Gomes, AICP, Director Mark Colussy, Associate Planner Project Consultants: RETTEW Associates, Inc. Material Matters, Inc.</p> <p>June 2008 Page 1</p> <p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLAN</p> <p>June 2008 Page 2</p> <p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLAN</p> <p>Table of Contents:Purpose....................................................................................................... 5 I. Demographic and Economic Overview................................. 6 II. Effluent Quality Requirements, Wastewater Collection and Treatment Facilities ............................... 22 III. Land-Use Practices ........................................................................ 88 IV. Sewage Facilities Planning and Impact on Economic Development......................................................................................... 95 V. On-Lot Sewage Disposal .......................................................... 105 VI. Regulatory Requirements ....................................................... 109 VII. Plan Recommendation and Implementation Strategy............................................................. 119</p> <p>Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations................................................................................................................................123 Appendix A: Population Projections for Individual Municipalities.................................................................125 Appendix B: Biosolids Management and Wastewater Treatment Survey Results................................... 141 TablesTable 1: Demographic Change, 1970-2000 ....................................................................................... 6 Table 2: Mifflin County Population Projections ..................................................................... 13 Table 3: Housing Trends, 1980-2000 ................................................................................................ 14 Table 4: Occupancy Status and Tenure, 1990 and 2000 .................................................. 15 Table 5: Employment by Industry, 2000 .........................................................................................17 Table 6: Mifflin County Employment By Industry Sector, April 2007 .................... 19 Table 7: Mifflin County and the State of Pennsylvania Comparison of Average Annual Wage by Major Occupational Group, May 2006 ................................................. 19 TABLE 8: WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITY SUMMARY ........................................................... 69 Table 9: Summary of Annual Biosolids and Septage Generation Quantities.........71 Table 10: Summary of Daily Biosolids and Septage ................................................................ 72 Table 11: Biosolids Characteristics and End Use Practices ............................................ 74 Table 12: Class A (Exceptional Quality) Biosolids Processing Options ................. 75 Table 13: Biosolids Product End Use Management Options ............................................ 76 Table 14: Individual Summary of Biosolids Generation Quantities (2005)............ 78 Table 15: Wastewater Treatment Capacity and Processes ............................................ 87</p> <p>June 2008 Page 3</p> <p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLANTable Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 16: Sewer Planning in Local Ordinances Summary.................................................92 17: Local Planning Consistency Analysis Summary................................................ 99 18: Local Planning Documents Status Summary....................................................... 117 19: Armagh Township Population Projections.......................................................... 124 20: Brown Township Population Projections........................................................... 125 21: Decatur Township Population Projections......................................................... 126 22: Burnham Borough Population Projections ........................................................127 23: Derry Township Population Projections............................................................. 128 24: Granville Township Population Projections .................................................... 129 25: Juniata Terrace Borough Population Projections......................................130 26: Lewistown Borough Population Projections .....................................................131 27: Bratton Township Population Projections ........................................................ 132 28: McVeytown Borough Population Projections ................................................ 133 29: Oliver Township Population Projections ............................................................ 134 30: Kistler Borough Population Projections............................................................. 135 31: Newton Hamilton Borough Population Projections .................................... 136 32: Wayne Township Population Projections............................................................137 33: Menno Township Population Projections ........................................................... 138 34: Union Township Population Projections.............................................................. 139</p> <p>FiguresFigure 1: Population Change in the Northeast Region ............................................................. 9 Figure 2: Population Change in the Southeast Region............................................................. 9 Figure 3: Population Change in the South Central Region................................................ 10 Figure 4: Population Change in the Southwest Central Region..................................... 10 Figure 5: Population Change in the Southwest Region............................................................11 Figure 6: Population Change in the Northwest Region...........................................................11 Figure 7: Subdivision and Land Development Plan Reviews (1993-2007)................... 12 Figure 8: Mifflin County Population Projections.................................................................... 13 Figure 9: Total Housing Units in Mifflin County, by Region, 2000 ............................ 16 Figure 10: Tenure and Occupancy Status by Percent by Region, 2000 .................. 16 Figure 11: Employment by Industry for the Employed Population of Mifflin County, 16 years of age and over, 2000......................................................................................... 18 Figure 12: Armagh Township Population Projections ........................................................ 124 Figure 13: Brown Township Population Projections ........................................................... 125 Figure 14: Decatur Township Population Projections ....................................................... 126 Figure 15: Burnham Borough Population Projections ........................................................127 Figure 16: Derry Township Population Projections............................................................. 128 Figure 17: Granville Township Population Projections..................................................... 129 Figure 18: Juniata Terrace Population Projections............................................................130 Figure 19: Lewistown Borough Population Projections .....................................................131 Figure 20: Bratton Township Population Projections...................................................... 132 Figure 21: McVeytown Borough Population Projections................................................ 133 Figure 22: Oliver Township Population Projections .......................................................... 134 Figure 23: Kistler Borough Population Projections.......................................................... 135 Figure 24: Newton Hamilton Borough Population Projections ................................. 136 Figure 25: Wayne Township Population Projections ..........................................................137 Figure 26: Menno Township Population Projections .......................................................... 138 Figure 27: Union Township Population Projections............................................................. 139</p> <p>June 2008 Page 4</p> <p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLAN PurposeThe Mifflin County Public Sewer Plan (MCPSP) updates the 1979 Mifflin County Comprehensive Area-Wide Water and Sewer Plan. The MCPSP also consolidates the many municipal Act 537 sewage facilities plans throughout the County into one concise document. Finally, the MCPSP strives for consistency by incorporating recommendations stemming from the Countys Economic Development Strategy and high and limited growth areas described in the Mifflin County Comprehensive Plan: Paths and Bridges to the 21st Century. Although the MCPSP inventories and analyzes municipal wastewater collection, conveyance and treatment facilities, the document does not include final engineering, construction or detailed financing plans. The MCPSP will focus on important planning strategies that will implement previous planning efforts engaged within the County. Population growth is projected over the next 20 years. The majority of these people are expected to locate in designated High Growth Areas and be provided with sanitary sewer services as called for in the Mifflin County Comprehensive Plan: Paths and Bridges to the 21st Century. The comprehensive plan also advocates a jobs-based economy. Commercial and industrial businesses have employees and processes that also generate wastewater. In order to meet demand for wastewater collection and treatment services as the comprehensive plan is implemented, the MCPSP examines existing conditions, analyzes demographic and economic trends/changes from the previous planning documents, compares existing capacities against projected demand, compare discharge and water quality limits based on the Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategy, and improving economic development coordination and delivery services by linking infrastructure investment with projected High Growth Areas. According to the Mifflin County Waste Management Plan, 63 percent of the total housing units in Mifflin County (occupied and vacant) are connected to or have access to public sewer service. Therefore, nearly 37 percent of the County population utilizing on-lot sewage disposal systems (OLDS) which equates to approximately 1,565,800 gallons of septage that could be pumped out annually in the County based on Countys Waste Management Plans projections. MCPSP will evaluate the potential for combined sewage enforcement planning, OLDS education techniques and other regional efforts along with identifying a critical path analysis for implementation and capital improvements planning. In June 2000, Pennsylvania along with Maryland, Virginia and the District of Columbia, made a commitment to help remove the Chesapeake Bay from the Federal Clean Water Acts list of impaired waters by 2010. In April of 2003, new nutrient and sediment reduction goals were developed for each major tributary and jurisdiction to meet revised water quality criteria. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners also agreed to develop revised Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Tributary Strategies within one year, by April 2004, to plan how the goals can be met by 2010. The MCPSP identifies each of the Countys wastewater treatment facilities and their Chesapeake Bay goals.</p> <p>June 2008 Page 5</p> <p>MIFFLIN COUNTYPUBLIC SEWER PLAN I. Demographic and Economic Overview</p> <p>The demographic and economic profile highlights specific conditions that have changed since the completion of both the Mifflin County Comprehensive Plan: Paths and Bridges to the 21st Century along with the economic development strategy. The profile highlights those areas that directly relate to the development of the MCPSP. Historical Demographic Trends A regions infrastructure investment is directly related to a regions population. Mifflin County has seen a slight population increase over the last decade. Examining the data in greater detail reveals the regions older communities have experienced a hollowing out of its urban core, leading to a loss of tax and rate base, coupled with diminished economic development in most of these areas. The only exception to this trend is Kistler Borough which has witnessed a modest increase of thirty persons. Concurrent with the hollowing out of the urban core, land development activity continues to climb in once rural communities due to improvements in transportation, sewer and water infrastructure. Lewistown Borough, the County Seat, and adjacent municipalities in the south central region of the County still contain the highest population density however; all of these municipalities have witnessed a significant population loss over the past twenty years. Table 1: Demographic Change, 1970-2000Location / Region Area (Square Mile) 45,019.6 431.1 132.2 Armagh Township Brown Township Southeast Decatur Township South Central Burnham Borough Derry Township Granville Township Juniata Terrace Borough Lewistown Borough Southwest Central Bratton Township McVeytown Borough Oliver Township Southwest Kistler Borough Newton Hamilton Borough Wayne Township Northwest Menno Township 97.8 34.4 47.4 47.4 77.1 1.0 32.0 41.9 0.1 2.1 70.7 34.7 0.1 35.9 52.0 0.1 0.2 51.7 51.7 24.7 Total Population 1970 11,766,310 45,268 6,127 3,385 2,742 2,216 2,216 26,941 2,607 7,877 4,626 733 11,098 3,238 1,224 486 1,528 2,473 369 280 1,824 4,273 1,308 1980 11,864,720 46,908 6,713 3,710 3,003 2,513 2,513 26,142 2,457 8,108 5,116 631 9,830 3,647 1,426 447 1,774 3,172 364 317 3,491 4,721 1,590 1990 11,881,643 46,197 6,947 3,627 3,320 2,735 2,735 24,834 2,197 7,650 5,090 556 9,341 3,657 1,427 408 1,822 3,122 314 287 2,521 4,902 1,637 2000 12,281,054 46,486 7,840 3,988 3,852 3,021 3,021 23,795 2,144 7,256 4,895 502 8,998 3,724 1,259 405 2,060 3,030 344 272 2,414 5,076 1,763 272.8 107.8 59.3 40.8 112.0 63.7 63.7 308.6 2,...</p>