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    BY: NURUL SHUHADA BINTI MAT NOH

    NUR NASHA AMALINA BINTI NASIR

    NUR INSYIRAH BINTI ZULKOFLI

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    Writingis a medium of communication thatrepresents language through the inscription of signs

    and symbols. In most languages, writing is acomplement to speech or spoken language

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    Level 1 (Basic):

    A student at Level 1 recognizes agreement among

    basic elements (nouns, verbs, pronouns) in the sameclause or phrase. This student avoids gross errors inshort or simple structures and can logically selectand order main ideas or divisions in a sustained

    paragraph using appropriate transition words. Students at this level demonstrate a basic

    understanding of appropriate writing.

    WRITING STANDARDS

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    Level 2 (Intermediate):

    In addition to performing successfully at Level 1, astudent who is proficient at level 2 recognizesappropriate agreement among basic elements whenthey are complicated by intervening words orphrases, avoids errors in relatively long andcomplicated constructions, and is able to recastseveral simple clauses using a single, more complexcombination.

    Students performing at the intermediate level canrecognize and use the elements of good writing.

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    Level 3 (Mature):

    In addition to performing Level 1 and Level 2 skills

    successfully, a student at Level 3 produces logicalstatements and comparisons and manages to solvedifficult or subtle writing problems, such asappropriate use of parallelism.

    These students discern fine distinctions amongclosely-related root words and grammaticalstructures characteristic of a mature writing style.

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    Specific vivid language. Avoid words like thing, it, nice,and using this without a qualifier.

    Rich and varied vocabulary usage, which demonstrates anadult voice.

    Active voice whenever possible. Avoid passive voice.

    Varied and interesting sentence structure. Begin some

    sentences with different introductory phrases, etc. Mature use of punctuation. Expand beyond the comma (,) and

    the period (.) Use semi-colons (;), dashes (-), colons (:), and theellipsis (). correctly!

    Style should increase clarityand decrease confusion.

    Always use the present tensewhen writing about literature.The work lives on every time we read it.

    Avoid using I in a persuasive / analytical piece. The readerknows it is yourpaper.

    Strike a balanced tone: not too casuals, not too formal. Never

    use slang in a style paper (or on the AP exam).

    Writing style

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    Demonstrate original thinking; construct an original,solid interpretation of the text.

    Minimize summary and maximize interpretation.Avoid re-phrasing the question.

    know the correct terminology for the parts of thework that are examining.

    Presenting a range of ideas is impressive and revealsa scholarly approach to the work.

    Content

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    Concentrate thorough paper that addresses the

    complex issues. Sort ideas into paragraphs, sequence ideas, introduce

    each idea with a topic sentence, link ideas with

    transitional phrases, support all claims withquotations from text,subordinate each paragraph

    back to the thesis.

    Format and Structure

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    Underline the titles of long works:

    Eg: novels, plays, movies, long poems, periodicals, and

    pamphlets.

    Place quotation marks around the titles of short works:

    Eg: poems, short stories, a chapter or section from a larger

    work, essays, articles, and songs.

    Always provide an original, intelligent title for your

    paper. Your own essay title needs nounderline, italics, or

    quotation marks.

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    Always type major papers, using standard font,

    spacing, and margins. Double-space formal papers.

    Provide a title page. Center your engaging title about

    1/3 down the page; include title of work discussed.

    Put your name, period, the instructors name, andthe date in the bottom right hand corner.

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    Always type major papers, using standard font,

    spacing, and margins. Double-space formal papers.

    Provide a title page. Center your engaging title about

    1/3 down the page; include title of work discussed.

    Put your name, period, the instructors name, and

    the date in the bottom right hand corner.

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    Always type major papers, using standard font,

    spacing, and margins. Double-space formal papers.

    Provide a title page. Center your engaging title about

    1/3 down the page; include title of work discussed.

    Put your name, period, the instructors name, and

    the date in the bottom right hand corner.