maritime piracy taskforce pierre st. hilaire sca-mptf@interpol.int

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  • Slide 1
  • Maritime Piracy TaskForce Pierre St. Hilaire sca-mptf@interpol.int
  • Slide 2
  • MARITIME PIRACY TASK FORCE CREATED IN JANUARY 2010 EXCLUSIVE FOCUS ON MARITIME PIRACY AND RELATED CRIMES (CROSS-DIRECTORATE)
  • Slide 3
  • Hijacked Ships: 18 Total Hostages: 375 Crew Released in 2011: 683 Piracy Attacks since 01 Jan 11: (a) Attacks 217 (MSCHOA & NSC Alerts) (b) Successful 21 (01 - ship released, only crew hijacked; 05 freed by military intervention)
  • Slide 4
  • Pirates hijacked the MT FAIRCHEM BOGEY, a Marshall Island flagged and Indian owned tanker, with a crew of 21 Indians on 20 August 2011. Hijacked while it was anchored within the port of Salalah, Oman. Hijacking of the MT Fairchem Bogey from the anchorage at Salalah (within Oman's Territorial Waters) confirms the increased capacity of the pirates.
  • Slide 5
  • Current Military Update The South West Monsoon has weakened in the Gulf of Aden and the area is now conducive for small boat operations. More attacks are likely in areas of calmer weather like closer to the straits of Bab-el-Mandeb and into the Red Sea. Monsoon conditions have also weakened over the eastern Indian Ocean and calmer weather is predicted. Areas of concern remain the Southern Red Sea, Bab-el-Mandeb, Gulf of Aden and the Somalia Basin.
  • Slide 6
  • Significant Vessel Release MT POLAR, Greek owned and Panama flagged tanker, was hijacked on 30 October 2010 with a crew of 23. Released on 26 Aug. 2011 after payment of ransom. Cargo (marine fuel oil) used to power other vessels. Ran the most mother ship operations; and broke the record for furthest movement out to the northeast and southeast. Up to 50 pirates on board at one time, as well as 10 skiffs; served as a forward operating base and had mid-level leadership on board. NCIS (US Naval Criminal Investigation Service) conducted the Crime Scene Investigation (including debriefing of crew members) in Salalah, Oman (the port of refuge), on 29-31 Aug. 2011
  • Slide 7
  • MV YORK - MOTHERSHIP MV BELUGA NOMINATION INCREASE OF VIOLENCE! MV QUEST HOSTAGES KILLED
  • Slide 8
  • FIRST INCIDENT RESPONSE TEAM Supported first post- release Crime Scene Investigation by South African Police Services in April 2011 in Durban Collected 10 body bags of Evidence Recovered hundreds of telephone calls from the ships satellite phone
  • Slide 9
  • KIDNAPPING FOR RANSOM HOSTAGE SITUATION AND NEGOTIATIONS EVIDENCE PRESERVATION
  • Slide 10
  • Arrest and Prosecution of Pirates
  • Slide 11
  • Vessel specifications Nominals DNA Fingerprints
  • Slide 12
  • Law Enforcement Information from participants LE related Military Intelligence Other information Open sources INTERPOL MARITIME PIRACY TASK FORCE Connections made between incidents Hit alerts Analytical Reports to be shared Law Enforcement Information from non-participants
  • Slide 13
  • ANALYSIS AND GLOBAL INVESTIGATION SUPPORT INTERPOL TO HOST THE SOLE GLOBAL DATABASE ON MARITIME PIRACY (Operational: Early 2012)
  • Slide 14
  • GLOBAL DATABASE Main Objective: Main Objective: Integrate a diverse collection of maritime piracy data and intelligence in a harmonized structure to support ongoing maritime piracy investigations and prosecution by member states of criminal networks involved in piracy off the coast of Somalia, including those responsible for illicit financing and facilitation.
  • Slide 15
  • Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (leads and coordinates the UNs efforts to combat maritime piracy) Working Group 1: Operational Issues Working Group 2: Legal Issues Working Group 3: Coast Guards & Private Industry Working Group 5: Piracy Financing
  • Slide 16
  • COOPERATION WITH INTERNATIONAL NAVAL FORCES COOPERATION WITH INTERNATIONAL NAVAL FORCES SHADE (Shared Awareness and Deconfliction) SHADE (Shared Awareness and Deconfliction) (DRAFT COOPERATION AGREEMENTS FOR INFORMATION EXCHANGE WITH NATO AND EUNAVFOR) (DRAFT COOPERATION AGREEMENTS FOR INFORMATION EXCHANGE WITH NATO AND EUNAVFOR) EU COUNCIL DECISION AUTHORIZING INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN INTERPOL AND EUNAVFOR ON OPERATION ATALANTA EU COUNCIL DECISION AUTHORIZING INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN INTERPOL AND EUNAVFOR ON OPERATION ATALANTA PILOT PROJECT WITH NATO FOR INFORMATION SHARING ON OPERATION OCEAN SHIELD (TO BE LAUNCHED BEFORE END OF THE YEAR) PILOT PROJECT WITH NATO FOR INFORMATION SHARING ON OPERATION OCEAN SHIELD (TO BE LAUNCHED BEFORE END OF THE YEAR)
  • Slide 17
  • PARTNERSHIPS African Union Kampala Process (UNPOS) Djibouti Code of Conduct (IMO) Training and Technical Assistance for East Africa Evidence Exploitation Initiative (EVEXI)
  • Slide 18
  • SUPPORT TO SHIPOWNERS AND SEAFARERS New Chapter on Law Enforcement: Prosecution of Pirates - Assisting Law Enforcement Authorities 12.7: INTERPOL has a secure website to provide support to ship operators who have had their vessels hijacked by pirates. INTERPOLs Maritime Piracy Task Force can assist in taking the appropriate steps to preserve the integrity of the evidence left behind at the crime scene. 12.8: INTERPOL may be consulted to discuss the recommended best practices and protocols for the preservation of evidence or other physical clues that could be useful to law enforcement agents pursuing an investigation of the incident.
  • Slide 19
  • KEY UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS KEY UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS Resolution 1950-Welcomed the ongoing work of IMO, INTERPOL and industry groups to develop guidance to seafarers on preservation of crime scenes following acts of piracy, and urged all States, in cooperation with INTERPOL and Europol, to further investigate international criminal networks involved in piracy off the coast of Somalia, including those responsible for illicit financing and facilitation. Resolution 1976-Urged States and international organizations to share evidence and information for anti-piracy law enforcement purposes with a view to ensuring effective prosecution of suspected, and imprisonment of convicted, pirates.
  • Slide 20
  • Maritime Piracy Financing Following the Money Trail Key Partners: Private industry (insurance companies, ship owners, associations, and consultants) World Bank, Financial Action Task Force Europol, Eurojust, TFG Anti-Piracy Task Force, UNODC, IMO, and member states prosecuting maritime piracy cases
  • Slide 21
  • Potential Links to Al-Shabaab? (Extortion)
  • Slide 22