Marcel Breuer, a brief look into

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<ul><li><p>MarcelBreuer1902-1981</p><p>rajiv babur no 30</p></li><li><p>Most celebrated for his tubular steel furniture and bold imposing architectureIn 1925, in other words at the tender age of only 23, he invented tubular steel furniture, a quite revolutionary development and considered his core contribution to the history of design.the Wassily armchair-represented the industrial aesthetic and formal simplicity of the Modernist period.the Bauhaus stool</p></li><li><p>Begrisch Hall, the University Heights campus at New York University, N.Y.Breuer began his career as first a student, then a teacher at the Bauhaus, a position that he secured in 1925.In 1937 - invited by instructor andcolleague Walter Gropius to become a faculty member at Harvard University in Cambridge.</p><p>In 1941, Breuer split off from Gropius and opened his own practice.</p></li><li><p>Breuers career made a turning point when he was commissioned in 1953 to design the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)Headquarters in Paris.This public and monumental building marked the beginning of a phase in his career marked by the Brutalist style and the use of concrete as his primary medium.UNESCO Headquarters, Paris</p></li><li><p>In 1963, Breuer began work on theWhitney Museum of Artin New York City, probably one of his best-known public projectsThe museum clearly speaks to Breuers Brutalist design tendencies the primary use of concrete, the top-heavy form, and minimal glazing.Whitney Museum of Art, New York</p></li><li><p>Over the next few decades, Breuer designed housing projects, various buildings in universities and schools across the country, museums, research centers, the US Embassy in the Netherlands, and several buildings for the United States government in WashingtonChurch of St Francis of Sales, Muskegon, Michigan</p></li><li><p>St. Johns Abbey Churchthe cast-in-place concrete marvel,</p></li><li><p>The plan aims at a clear division between the monastic living quarters and the educational facilities. The two are connected by the important structures they both share; the church, auditorium, library, and administration building.The church and its bell banner are the dominant structures of St. Johns.</p></li><li><p>The main floor plan reflects the basic liturgical concepts of the Order. One enters the symbolic center doorway, down the center aisle to the altar and abbots throne, around which is placed the very large choir.</p></li><li><p>The relation of the abbots throne and monks choir to the congregation defines the shape of the plan with the altar near the center of the church in plain view of congregation, choir, and large balcony.</p></li><li><p>Reference</p></li><li><p>Thank You!</p></li></ul>


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