Mapping wilderness in Europe with special focus on wilderness register

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During the Wilderness Academy days, Steve Carver from Wildland Research Institute c/o University of Leeds presented his experience of mapping wilderness in Europe

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<ul><li> 1. The Wilderness Continuumand its practical implicationsfor wilderness protectionSteve CarverDirector, Wildland Research Institute</li></ul> <p> 2. Outline Wilderness and the continuumconcept Approaches to mapping Patterns and distribution ofwilderness Environmental gradients Scaling issues Informing decisions 3. Defining wildernessWordle based on European, US and Australian wilderness definitions 4. SCALE!ChallengingSolitudeRemotenessFlora &amp; faunaNatural processesLack of human influence 5. Nature and landscape Two views of wild(er)ness... Biophysical/ecological wild Perceived/aesthetic wild Influence how we map thewilderness continuum Choice of attributes Need for proxy variables 6. Australian National Wilderness Inventory(after Lesslie and Maslen, 1993) 7. Global wilderness continuum (after Lesslie, 2000) 8. European wilderness indicator (after Kuiters et al, 2014) 9. UK wilderness continuum (after JMT, 2010) 10. Scotland wilderness continuum (after SNH, 2011) 11. Cairngorms National Park wilderness continuum(after Carver et al, 2010) 12. Austrian wilderness continuum (after Plutzar, 2013) 13. Single vs multi-attribute models Single variable models: Roadless areas Multiple variablemodels: Remoteness(settlement, roads,accessibility) Naturalness (land cover,lack of human features) 14. Weightingissues?CDoifrmfep raeornseciatees Different priorities? Example: Scotland 15. Poselstv from Prague12. Finalisation of a definition of wilderness and wild areas, taking intoaccount the globally agreed definitions, criteria and characteristics andthe continuum of natural habitats and ecological processes, the range ofecological and cultural interpretations of these terms and theirapplication in different parts of Europe.13. Compilation of a Register of Wilderness using existing databases, suchas the EEA and WDPA, identifying in tandem with appropriate interestedparties the remaining areas of wilderness and wildlands, the threats andopportunities related to these, and their economic values, with practicalrecommendations for action.14. Completion of mapping wilderness and wildland areas in Europe,involving appropriate definitional and habitat criteria and level of scaleto effectively support plans for protecting and monitoring such areas.15. Identification of key opportunities for prospective restoration of wildnatural habitats and processes, involving mapping, biodiversity designand benefit assessment for relevant parties including local landholdersand communities. 16. Participatory exercise! 17. Informing decisions Development control Designation Identification ofboundaries Zonation Protection measures Connectivity Targeted rewilding 18. Iceland:Fewer protected areasLots of wildernessMostly undesignatedMuch opportunity for extended designationNorthern Scandinavia:Many protected areasLots of wildernessSome protected, some unprotectedOpportunity for extended designation 19. Scotland:Many Natura 2000 areasSome wild landSome protected, some unprotectedOpportunity for further protectionBENELUX countries:Many protected areasNo wilderness (except marine)Only marine wilderness protectedMain focus on rewilding 20. Conclusions Use GEOGRAPHY as basis for informeddecision-making Ways forward for European WQI Identifying wilderness areas in need of protection,improvement and expansion Use WQI as the basis for improved connectivity Intelligent targeting of rewilding activities 21. ImproveExpandCreateConnect 22. Any Questions? </p>