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  • MakingSenseofSenseMakingStrategiestouseinyourclassroom

    BettyStennettandBrookeBourdlatParksNSTA SanAntonio,TXApril11,2013

  • BSCSMission

    ThemissionofBSCSistotransformscienceteachingandlearningthroughresearch

    anddevelopmentthatstrengthenslearningenvironmentsandinspiresaglobal

    communityofscientificallyliteratecitizens.

  • BSCS

    BiologicalSciencesCurriculumStudy Nonprofitorganization501(c)(3) Establishedin1958 Workportfolioincludescurriculumdevelopment,professionaldevelopment,educationalresearchandevaluationprojects.

    Supportedbypublicandprivateagencies

  • GettingtoKnowEachOther

    Introduceyourself: Wheredoyouteach? Whatgradesdoyouteach? Whatinterestedyouaboutthissession?

  • OverviewoftheSession

    Learnstrategiesinthecontextofascienceandsocietytheme

    Seeexamplesofthestrategiesinothersciencedisciplines

    Practicematchingstrategiestoactivitiesintheclassroom

    Planhowtousestrategiesinyourclassroom

  • GarbageIn,GarbageOut

    Howmuchgarbagedoyouthinkyouthrowawayinaday?Provideaguessinpounds.

  • WasteGenerationRates

    Notethattherearetwodifferentscales!

  • WasteGenerationRates

    Inyournotebook,writethephrase:WhatIsee:neartherightsideofyoursketch.

    Recordwhatyouseeanddrawanarrowpointingtowhatyouaredescribing. Thinkaboutchanges,

    trends,anddifferences. Drawarrowstowhatyou

    aredescribing. Nobecausestatements!

  • WasteGenerationRates

    Writethephrase:Whatitmeansunderneaththefirstphrase.

    Recordwhatitmeansanddrawarrowspointingtowhatyouareexplaining. YoushouldhaveoneWIMstatementforeachWISstatement

  • ACaptionforWasteGenerationRates

    Thinkofthecaptionasanexecutivesummary.

    Beginwithatopicsentencedescribingthegraphic

    JoinWISwithWIMtoformashortparagraph

  • TeachingtheIdentifyandInterpret(I2)Strategy Model,model,model Workthroughoneorpartofonetogether Dontrequirethecaptioninitially Examplesandnonexamplesofappropriateresponses.

    Worktowardthegoalofjustrequiringacaption StudentsmaketheI2 commentsahabitofmind.

  • OtherwaystouseI2

    Graphs Datatables Complexfiguresintextbooks Beforeandaftersketchestoseechanges

  • IdentifyandInterpret(I2)

  • IdentifyandInterpret(I2)

  • IdentifyandInterpret(I2)

  • Howwillthisstrategyhelpstudentsmakesenseofwhattheyarelearning?

  • FocusQuestion

    Ifpeoplehavebeenthrowingawaythingsforsolong,whyisthereconcerninsomeplacesnow?Whataresomeproblemsthatexisttodaythatdidnotexistinthepast?

  • ConstructingaLandfill

    Whatcontrolsdoweneedforourinvestigation?

  • Protocol

    1. Useaspoontodigahole.Makesureitisthesizeanddepthweagreedon.

    2. Pourthepowdereddrinkmixintothehole.

    3. Coverthedrinkmixwithsoil.Thiswillbethelandfillsite.

    4. Placetheblockunderoneend.

  • Protocol,continued

    Decideonateammemberto spray observe time

    Whenthetimersaysgo,thesprayershouldaddwaterattherateweagreedon.Theobservershouldbehisorherwork.

    Continueaddingwaterandobservingfortheamountoftimeweagreedon.

  • AnalogyMapsFeature of the

    model

    is (are) like

    feature of the real world.

    They are alike because they

    both

    Sand or clay

    Landfill

    Spraying water

  • ResultsofInvestigation

    Whatweretheresultsofyourinvestigation?

    Whatlessondoyouthinkpeoplewhobuildlandfillscouldtakefromyourinvestigation?

  • Models

    Modelsareintegraltoteachingscience.

    Domodelsalwayshelpstudentsunderstandtherealworld?

  • TeachingtheStrategy

    Model,model,model Startbydoingonetogether Useapartiallycompletedtable

    Allof1st rowiscomplete Randomcellsarecomplete Completecellssothatstudentsnoticekeyfeatures

    Examplesandnonexamplesofappropriateresponses.

  • AnalogyMap

  • AnalogyMap

  • AnalogyMap

  • Howwillthisstrategyhelpstudentsmakesenseofwhattheyarelearning?

  • Reduce,Reuse,Recycle

    Createanorganizingtableinyournotebook.

    Recycling Reducing Reusing

    Notes

    Examples

  • Reduce,Reuse,Recycle

    ReadGarbageAlternatives. Asyouread,completeyourtable. Addatleast2additionalexamples(notfromthereading)toyourtable.Useadifferentcoloredpenorpencil.

  • LetsConsiderthisquestion

    Whenyouhavesciencereadingmaterialforyourclass,whatdoyoudotoensurethatstudentscompletethereading?

    Letsreconsiderthequestionas

    Whenyouhavesciencereadingmaterialforyourclass,whatdoyoudotoensurethatstudentsunderstandthereading?

  • ReadinginanInquiryClassroom

    Doesreadingbelonginaninquiryclassroom? Whywouldntyouhavereadinginclass?

    Whatsthe#1response?Mykidscantread.

    Whatarethecommonremedies? Donotdoreading Readasagroup Readitforthem Explainthecontentforthem

  • LearningScience

    Tolearnscienceeffectively,studentsneedtointerpretdataandscientificexplanationsdescribedin

    printedtext, charts, tables, graphs,and diagrams.

    Ascientificallyliteratestudentmovesfluidlyamongtheseformsofinformation,acquiring,interpreting,andapplyingknowledge.Fewstudentsarriveinclassroomswiththislevelofliteracy;instead,theymustbetaughtliteracystrategiesexplicitly(Thier,2002).

  • ALiteracyStrategyforYourScienceClassroom

    Importantideasstudentsgetfromscientificreadings:

    Scientificvocabulary Scienceconcepts Supportingideas ScientificfactsOthers?

  • LiteracyStrategies

    Howdowehelpstudentspickoutimportantideas?

    Thestrategiesneedtobedesignedtohelpstudentspickoutthemostimportantinformation.

    Useaprereading,duringreading,andpostreadingstrategy.

  • Billmeyer, R. & Barton, M. L. (1998). Teaching reading in the content areas: If not me, then who? Aurora: CO Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning.

  • ActivateYourSchemapoultrymen chickens

    farmers

    incubation answer

    merchants

    coccidiosis egg

    chicks

    sunshine

    Banties geese

    barnyard roost

    dark

    Billmeyer, R. & Barton, M. L. (1998). Teaching reading in the content areas: If not me, then who? Aurora: CO Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning.

  • LiteracyStrategies

    2columnchartorotherorganizingtable Venndiagram Read,summarize,mainidea Structurednotetaking Personalglossary KWL Others?

  • LiteracyStrategy

  • LiteracyStrategy

  • LiteracyStrategy

  • LiteracyStrategy

  • Howwillliteracystrategies(andtheideaofpre,during,andpostreadingstrategies)helpstudentsmakesenseofwhattheyarelearning?

  • OutintheDesert

    ReadHazardousWastetolearnmoreaboutthesituation.

    Picktheoptionyouthinkisbest. Writeaparagraph(incompletesentences)todescribewhyyouchosetheoptionyoudid.Includecostsandbenefitsofthatoption.

  • CCCRConsiderContributeConsultRevise

    Consider andthinkindividually.Writedownyourbestideas.

    Contributeyourideaswithapartner. Consult yourpartner. Revise yourideas.

    Makerevisionsinadifferentcoloredpenorpencil. Carefullyconsidertheadvicefromyourpeers

  • TeachingtheStrategy

    Insistthatstudentsfollowtherules. Insistthatstudentsdoeachstepseparatelyatfirst.

    Modelthestrategy Listenandcomment Usethedifferentcolorsasaformativeassessmentstrategy

  • CCCRConsiderContributeConsultRevise Considerandthinkindividually.Writedownyourbestideas.

    Contributeyourideaswithapartner. Consult yourpartner. Revise yourideas.

    Makerevisionsinadifferentcoloredpenorpencil. Carefullyconsidertheadvicefromyourpeers

    group

    individual

    individual

  • Howwillthisstrategyhelpstudentsmakesenseofwhattheyarelearning?

    And

    Howwillthisstrategyhelptheteacherknowifthestudentismakingsenseofwhattheyarelearning?

  • MatchingStrategiestoCurriculum

    Useavarietyofstrategies. Makesurethestrategieshelpstudentslearnimportantinformation.

    Chooseandusestrategiesappropriatelysotheydonotgetintheway.

  • PracticeMatchingStrategiestoCurriculum

    1. Chooseamodule.2. Onyourown,lookthroughtheflaggedpages

    anddecideifastrategywouldhelpstudentsmakesenseofthematerial.

    3. Choosethestrategyyouwouldadd.4. Discussyourideaswithpeoplewhohadthe

    samemoduleyoudid.

  • DesignaFutureLesson1. Findapersonwhoteachesasimilarsubject/grade.2. Pickaconceptthatbothofyouteach.3. Discussanactivitywherestudentshavetrouble

    understandingtheconcept.4. Chooseastrategythatwillhelpstudentsmake

    senseoftheactivityandconcept.5. Includeanexemplarresponsethatyoucoulduseas

    akey.6. Howwillyouteachstudentstousethestrategy?

  • 321Reflection

    Inyournotebook,list 3thingsthatyoulearnedtoday. 2thingsthatyouwanttosharewithacolleague.

    1thingyouwilltrythismonthwithyourstudents.

  • YoucanaccessthePowerPointslidesforthispresentationatwww.bscs.org/sessions.

    Pleasevisitourwebsiteatwww.bscs.org.