Make the difference

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Education and learning is probably that single phenomenon that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long-term perspective (OECD 2014). Grand challenge number one is to breach the trend preventing developing countries, in particular South of Everyone aspiring for higher education should have the right to affordable access. This is grand challenge number two. And it cannot be met without open education and technology enhanced learning.Sahara, taking part in the global knowledge revolution. Three messages: Senior management in education needs to innovate from within to open up education. Governments must take firm decision on holistic policies for open and distance education. Stakeholders should team up meeting the two grand challenges through open education and technology enhanced learning.

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<ul><li> 1. Makethe difference!Global Trends in Open, Distance and e-LearningCuritiba, 08 October 2014Gard Titlestad, Secretary GeneralInternational Council For Open and Distance Education</li></ul><p> 2. Education:Power to transform2 Skills transform lives and drive economiesliteracy skills (scoring at PIAAC Level 4/5 compared with those scoring at Level 1 or below)3,02,52,01,51,0Increased likelihood of positive outcomes for adults with higherBeing Employed High wages Good toexcellent healthParticipation involunteeractivitiesHigh levels ofpolitical efficacyHigh levels oftrustOdds ratioAndreas Schleicher, OECD, Wellington, 28 March 2014 3. EducationAverage years of educationYears of education West-Europe The world Africa south of SaharaThis is ourChallengeSource: Aftenposten/OECD. How Was Life?Shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being 4. Not possible without open anddistance eduction. 5. http://stemarts.http://www.millennium-project.org/index.html com/lanl/explore-the-world 6. The BIG picture The growth in higher education is massive 7. 2030 20444003202007 - 2030Mill. studentsEU/OECD projectionsthe need for HEby 2030: 410 mill.This is ourChallenge 8. Not possible without open anddistance eduction. 9. The futurehot spots--Credit: A. Raftery / UWWorld population stabilization unlikely this century.Science, 18 September 2014 10. Not only volume The changes in higher education is dramatic 11. Opening up theroad to knowledge 12. Opening up? 13. AutomationRobots Sensors2020 80% connectedInternet of things Open ResearchCost OEReScienceOpenknowledgeGlobalisationSocietal needsTechnologyFlexibilityStudents needsandexpectationsTrends, withinthe framwork of globalisationand internationalisationHE needs 1 U a weekEnabling economic growthDemographicsAccessOpen AccesseInfrastructuresOpen DataOpen InnovationUS quadrupplingSouthern Europe.Developing economiesEmployabilityICT HabitusLifelongOpenknowledge 14. Disruptions? 15. In 50 years there will be only 10institutions in the world deliveringhigher education and Udacity has ashot at being one of them.http://www.wired.com/2012/03/ff_aiclass/3/Illustration: Adam Simpson 16. President IBM 17. LORD knows theres a lot of bad news in the world today toget you down, but there is one big thing happening thatleaves me incredibly hopeful about the future, and that is thebudding revolution in global online higher education. Nothinghas more potential to lift more people out of poverty byproviding them an affordable education to get a job orimprove in the job they have. Nothing has more potential tounlock a billion more brains to solve the worlds biggestproblems.Thomas Friedman,columnist and author 18. 8 Things You Should KnowAbout MOOCsBy Jonah Newman and Soo Oh, June 13, 2014 (Harvard and MIT data)http://chronicle.com/article/8-Things-You-Should-Know-About/146901/ 1. The overwhelming majority of MOOC students are male 2. MOOCs attract students who already have collegedegrees 3. The median age of MOOC participants is 24 4. One-third of MOOC participants are from North America 5. Nearly half of registrants never engage with any of thecontent 6. Europeans view the most course content 7. Students with a doctorate viewed more course material 8. Serial students are the most engaged 19. Think tank 20 October 2013, OpenUniversitty of China, Beijing, ChinaMind to MOOCsOverview, reflections and brainstorming in whitening waterTo be reported to the ICDE Standing Conference of Presidents meeting andPolicy Forum 20. Excerpts from ICDE Mind to MOOCs reportA few of the issues and recommendationsEquity. Consider this initiative as an opportunity to rethink our role as universities and takeup MOOCs. . Integrate open MOOCs in our respective institutions National, regional and transnational cooperation is a great opportunity in developingMOOC and MOOC-alike concepts.Diversity. Undertake contextualized strategies when implementing MOOCs Be aware of cultural and language aspects anglo-centric core, colonialism OER and OCW as the basis for MOOC will ease contextual, cultural and languageadaptationInnovation and Quality. Improve and innovate on pedagogical aspects: methodologies, content formats,assessment. Provide learning analytics as a tool for improving the courses. Connect the learningprocess and research for new knowledge and improvements. Promote research about MOOCs. Keep moving towards quality. Beyond quantity of MOOCs and users, the focus onquality is essential for sustainability. 21. The Open University CataluniaInnovate from within,put faculty in the lead2014 2011The Innovative University: What CollegePresidents Think About Change in AmericanHigher Education, Chronicle 22. Trends 23. The BIG Picture Open, Online and Distance Education is steadilyincreasing all over the worldIndia SwedenRussiaSouth AmericaThe USAfricaAustraliaChina 24. The BIG picture Online, Distance (ODL) and on Campus Learningare converging =&gt; BlendedODL BlendedCampus And as a result an even more diverse highereducation landscape 25. From Elite to UniversalParticipationElite0-15%Mass16-50%UniversalOver 50%Functions of highereducationShaping mind and character ofruling class; preparation forelite rolesTransmission of skills;preparation for broaderrange of technical elite rolesAdaptation of "wholepopulation" to rapid socialand technological changeCurriculum andforms ofinstructionHighly structured in terms ofacademic conceptions ofknowledgeModular, flexible and semi-structuredsequence ofcoursesBoundaries and sequencesbreak down; distinctionsbetween learning and lifebreak downInstitutionalcharacteristicsHomogeneous with high andcommon standards; smallresidential communities; clearand impermeable boundariesComprehensive with morediverse standards; "cities ofintellect" mixed residential&amp; commuting; boundariesfuzzy and permeable.Great diversity with nocommon model; aggregatesof people enrolledbut...many rarely on campus;boundaries weak or non-existent.Research andknowledge transferPursuit of understanding offundamental principlesfocused on "pure disciplines"and arising from curiosity,with no (direct or immediate)commercial benefits.Pursuit of understanding ofprinciples in order to solvepractical problems of themodern world, rather thanto acquire knowledge forknowledges sake.Research is democratised,co-produced with andresponsive to wider society,with an emphasis on impactand benefit.(Hazelkorn, 2011 Adapted from Brennan, 2004 and Trow, 1973, 1974, 2006; Gibbons et al, 1994) 26. Kavli Science Forum: "Higher Education in the21st Century - The Technological Revolution inOpen Education: The Death of a TraditionalSystem or the Next Wave of Democracy?"http://www.kavliprize.org/events-and-features/2014-kavli-prize-science-forum 27. The BIG picture Three streams work in parallel: Online becomes mature and Internet/mobile:freedom from distance, mobile broadband:freedom from location New methodologies, content and pedagogy newopportunities for student supportive teaching New knowledge about the brain and learning, newknowledge in neurosciences 28. BIGThe Governments move.. 29. IOMS (IT OperationsManagement system)Cloud-based technology support modelISMS (Information securitymanagement system) Software &amp; Education resource Services Open, shared, quality and massive education resourcesand e-learning software Platform Services Portal, CAS, Teaching, Managing, Support service, Research, etc.Infrastructure Services IDC, Computing and storage pools, high-speed network Mobile InternetSatellite NetworkVPN InternetCloudNetworksTerminalsOUC PadCloud DesktopCloud TVCloud PhoneCloud Classroom Ref. Yang Zhijian, president Open University of China, ICDE world Conference, Tianjin, ChinaOctober 2013 30. Promote open educational resources, to helpteachers and students everywhere.http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/09/24/celebrating-open-government-around-globe 31. The SmallGovernments move.. 32. The Norwegian MOOCCommission wasappointed by RoyalDecree on 21 June 2013. Final report, green paper,June 2014. Now on broadconsultation A white paper onstructures and financialregulations foreseen in2015.http://www.regjeringen.no/mobil/nb/dep/kd/dok/nouer/2014/NOU-2014-51.html?id=766892 33. The Regions move..http://www.faberface.com/ 34. The European Commission'sOpening up Educationinitiative in a nutshellThe main goal of this initiative is to stimulateways of learning and teaching through ICT anddigital content, mainly through the developmentand availability of OER.http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/en/initiative 35. OER and Open andDistance Learning canincrease the impact ofinvestments in knowledgeOER &amp;ODLOpen Access open scienceResearch based OERResearch based teachingHigh quality educationResearch based educationResource based educationOpen educationInnovation in education open innovationInnovate the learning system flip the classroomKnowledge supply for innovation 36. 2012 Paris OER Declaration1. Foster awareness and use of OER2. Facilitate enabling environments for use of Information andCommunications Technologies (ICT)3. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER4. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks5. Support capacity building for the sustainable development ofquality learning materials6. Foster strategic alliances for OER7. Encourage the development and adaptation ofOER in a variety of languages/cultural contexts8. Encourage research on OER9. Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER10.Encourage the open licensing of educationalmaterials produced with public funds 37. THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION:Selected key findings and rec. Findings The public and individuals benefitfrom higher education, HE, infinancial and non financial ways. HE generates positive returns to thepublic in general, as well as to thepeople who obtain degrees. HE without a degree does not boostearnings. Although there are some benefits toHEparticipation, even if no degree isearned, drop-outs do not usually enjoythe same financial returns that degreeholders can expect. 38. Better integration of educationand vaulue chains neededhttp://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ 39. The BIG picture We are in the beginning (of the beginning) example: mobile technology 40. We are in the beginning of thebeginningState of Broadband Report 2013 www.broadbandcommission.org 41. Image: O3b NetworksGoogle's Project Loon uses big networkedair balloons to fill internet black holesGoogle to launch 180 satellites in$1bn plan to cover the unwiredSeveral initiatives for coveringthe unwired underway 42. African UnderseaCablesPicture updatedMay 2014We are in thebeginning of thebeginninghttp://manypossibilities.net/african-undersea-cables/ 43. The mill that grinds onthe bottom of the oceanHege Ryert, NTB ScanpixNavngivelse-Ikke kommersiell-Del p samme vilkr Creative Commons lisensNDLA 44. The BIGchange? 45. The Future of Employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?About 47 per cent of total US employment is at risk.http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/publications/view/1314Computerization Threatens One Third of FinnishEmploymenthttp://econpapers.repec.org/paper/rifbriefs/22.htm37% of Danish jobs classified with highprobability for being phased outhttp://www.kraka.org/artikler/computere_og_udskiftning_af_jobfunktionerVartannat jobb automatiseras inom 20 rhttp://www.stratresearch.se/Documents/Folder.pdfTechnology and jobs; Coming to an office near youhttp://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21594298-effect-todays-technology-tomorrows-jobs-will-be-immenseand-no-country-readyThe future of jobs; The onrushing wavehttp://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21594264-previous-technological-innovation-has-always-delivered-more-long-run-employment-not-less 46. AutomationRobots Sensors2020 80% connectedInternet of things Open ResearchCost OEReScienceOpenknowledgeGlobalisationSocietal needsTechnologyFlexibilityStudents needsandexpectationsTrends, withinthe framwork of globalisationand internationalisationHE needs 1 U a weekEnabling economic growthDemographicsAccessOpen AccesseInfrastructuresOpen DataOpen InnovationUS quadrupplingSouthern Europe.Developing economiesEmployabilityICT HabitusLifelong 47. The way ahead 48. Innovate from within to enhancelearning through technologiesLeadership for changeput faculty in lead 49. From distance learning to open education: achanging landscapeAlan TaitProfessor of Distance Education andDevelopmentThe Open University UKFrom distance learning to open education 58 50. Decide Holistic Policies for open,distance, online, flexible eLearningSet a newgovernmental agendafor education 51. MOOC in an international perspective:New global agenda for innovationin higher education 1) Governments contribute to a comprehensive framework that promotes openonline education in line with UNESCO 's values and helps to establish incentivesfor education in dialogue with key stakeholders in the field, primarily highereducation institutions, where the specific goals must be set. A clear policy forOER based on the UNESCO declaration must be part of this framework. 2) Leadership in transition to more open and distance higher education must besupported, facilitated and expertise built. 3) Incentives and support for teachers retraining, upskilling and improvementof working conditions for more open and online education. 4) Framework and methodologies to put the learner in the centre. 5) Cooperation across institutional boundaries and possibly borders, on contentand platforms for more open and distance education, including MOOC. 6) Interoperability between different solutions. 7) Common global outlook, statistics and understanding of fundamentalconcepts. 8) Specific goals and plans for research and innovation firmly rooted in thestakeholder institutions and communities. 52. Regulate onlineeducation?Under the UK's Locomotive Act 1865, anyone driving a car in town had to be led by aman who walked in front of the car, carrying a red flag -- to prevent 'fatal accidents' 53. A horse pulling the car?Lectures on campusdriving ecucation? 54. Round table discussion, State Duma of theFederal Assembly of the Russian FederationOn-line and e-learning, open educational resources, MOOCs, smart-educationand other e-technologies and e-resources: Legislative andregulatory support for their development and application in nationaleducational systems. Russian and foreign experienceMoscow, 24 September 2014Gard Titlestad, Secretary GeneralInternational Council For Open and Distance Education 55. Two policy forum planned,Future directions for ODL:20 November 2014: Open EducationKey issues in policy for governmentsand senior management in higher educationInterventions, fromUNESCO, ICDE andstakeholders fromorganisations, public andprivate sectorHigh Level Policy Forum 17 October 2015:Open Education: Key issues and policyadvices for governments and seniormanagement in higher education 56. Pa...</p>