# Lesson downloads IELTS Academic Module preparation ... writing...Page 1 of 15 Lesson downloads IELTS Academic Module preparation Writing Lesson 3 Introduction In lesson 2 we looked more at how to ...

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• Page 1 of 15

Introduction

Inthislessonyouwill

learnaboutdifferenttypesofchart. practisegettinginformationfromcharts. learntorecognisestaticanddynamiccharts. reviewsimpleverbtensesfordescribingcharts. learnhowtoorganiseabalanceddiscussion. becomemoreawareofformallanguageforcompositions.

Activity1>Typesofchart>8minutes

1Barchart2Proportionalbarchart3Piechart4Linegraph

a)Matchthefourtypesofchartwiththechartsshownhere.

b)Whichofthechartsshow(s)

1thesituationatonepointintime.2changeovertime.3howatotalfigureisdividedintoparts.4comparisonsfordifferentgroups.5howonevaluechangesovertime.6howseveralvalueschangeovertime.

• Page 2 of 15

Activity2>Understandingcharts>10minutes

show.

Therearethreeimportantthingstolookatinachartbeforeyouwrite

thetitleofthechartthiswilltellyouwhatisbeingshownoverall,anditusuallygivesthetimeperiodthatitrepresents(e.g.19802000)

thetitlesoftheverticalandhorizontalaxesthesewilltellyouwhattheunitsofmeasurementare(e.g.centimetres,kilos,euros)andwhatgroupsarebeingcompared

thekeyorlegend(ifthereisone)thiswilltellyouwhatgroupsortimeperiodsareshown.

[Tip:Thetitlesandlabelsonthechartalsogiveyouusefulvocabularytouseinyourdescription]

Lookatthischartanddecideifthestatementsbelowaretrue(T)orfalse(F)accordingtotheinformationshown,orifitisimpossibletotell(I).

• Page 3 of 15

InflowofforeignworkersintoAustralia19922001

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

Thou

sands

PermanentsettlersTemporaryworkers

ThisinformationisfromtheOECDstatisticswebsite:http://www.oecd.org/statsportal/0,2639,en_2825_293564_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlSpecifically:http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/default.aspx?DatasetCode=CSP6

Activity3>Understandingcharts>10minutes

Describingachartissimilarinlotsofwaystodescribingatableoffigures.Rememberthatyouhavetodothefollowingwhenyoufirstlookatatable:

checkdatestoseewhatthetimeperiodis checkwhattheunitsofmeasurementare decidewhatthemostimportantinformationis decidewhatdetailsarenotsoimportant makecomparisonsbetweenimportantfigures roundfiguresupordownwhenpossible

Youshoulddothesamethingswhenyoustudyachart.

a)Lookatthepiechartbelowandlookforallthethingsinthelistabove.

• Page 4 of 15

ImmigrantlabourforceinAustraliabyregionorcountryofbirth,1991(thousands)

62%17%

9%

4%3% 5%

Europe

Asia

NewZealand

NorthAfricaandtheMiddleEastAmerica

Other

ThisinformationisfromtheOECDstatisticswebsite:http://www.oecd.org/statsportal/0,2639,en_2825_293564_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlSpecifically:http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/default.aspx?DatasetCode=CSP6

b)Nowcompletethetextwithphrases,wordsandnumbersfromthebox.

1991 afifth atenth four majority secondlargest smallersmallest thethirdlargest three(x2) twothirds

Thenumberofworkersfromothernationalitieswasmuch9.WorkersfromNorthAfricaandtheMiddleEast,forexample,wereonly10..percentofthewholeforeignlabourforce.The11..nationalitygroup,however,wereAmericans.Theserepresentedonly12..percentofallforeignworkersinAustraliain1991.

Activity4>Staticanddynamiccharts>10minutes

Thepiechartinactivity3showedthesituationatonepointintime.Thiskindofchartiscalledastaticchart.Whenyoudescribeastaticchart,youonlyneedtousesimpletenses(presentsimpleorpastsimple,forexample).

a)LookagainatthedescriptionyoucompletedinActivity3andunderlinealltheverbsinpastsimple.

• Page 5 of 15

ImmigrantlabourforceinAustraliabyregionorcountryofbirth(19912001)

1332.11142.1

378.0582.1

187.3251.1

94.4119.675.6

99.9101.6

172.5

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

1991 2001

Thou

sand

s

OtherAmericaNorthAfricaNewZealandAsiaEurope

ThisinformationisfromtheOECDstatisticswebsite:http://www.oecd.org/statsportal/0,2639,en_2825_293564_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlSpecifically:http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/default.aspx?DatasetCode=CSP6

b)Nowcompletethedescriptionofthechartbelowbyputtingtheverbsinthecorrecttense.

• Page 6 of 15

Presentperfect:Thepriceofoilhasrisenby0.10everymonthsinceJanuary.Presentperfectcontinuous:Averagetemperatureshavebeenincreasingsincethebeginningofthecentury.Futureperfect:Thepopulationwillhavereachedsixtymillionby2030.

a)Rememberthatitisimportanttousethecorrecttimephraseswiththetenseyouareusing.Choosethephraseswhichcangointhegaps(theremaybemorethanone):

1.pricesfell.AIn2005BBy2005CAfter2005DSince2005

3.priceshavefallenAIn2005BBy2005CAfter2005DSince2005

4.priceshavebeenfalling.AIn2005BBy2005CAfter2005DSince2005

5.priceswillhavefallen.AIn2015BBy2015CAfter2015DSince2015

b)Nowlookatthechartbelowandcompletethedescriptionwiththecorrectverbtense.

• Page 7 of 15

Ratioofthepopulationaged65andovertothelabourforce

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

Turkey

Korea

Australia

UnitedKingdom

SlovakRepublic

CzechRepublic

Poland

Japan

France

Italy

Hungary

20002020

ThisinformationisfromtheOECDstatisticswebsite:http://www.oecd.org/statsportal/0,2639,en_2825_293564_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlSpecifically: http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/default.aspx?DatasetCode=CSP6

Thechart1..(show)theratioofthepopulationaged65andovertothelabourforceoftwelvedifferentcountries,andhowthis2.. (change)by2020.

Thechartalso6.. (make)predictionsabouthowthisratio7.. (change)inthefuture.Itisclearthatallthecountriesshownhaveanagingpopulation.Hungary8.. (have)thebiggestchange.By2020theratioofretiredpeopletoworkers9..(reach)almost60%.Thisisanincreaseofalmost25%.EveninKoreatheratio10..(increase)toover30%by2020.

• Page 8 of 15

Activity6>Analysingthequestion>7minutes

Towhatextentdoyouagreeordisagree?

Youshoulduseyourownideas,knowledgeandexperienceandsupportyourargumentswithexamplesandrelevantevidence.

1Thequestionaskswhetherornotfossilfuelsareimpractical. T/F2Youshouldgiveadetaileddescriptionofhowfossilfuelscauseglobalwarming. T/F3Thequestionaskswhethernuclearenergyisagoodalternativetofossilfuels. T/F4Youshoulddiscusstheargumentsforandagainstnuclearenergy. T/F5Youshoulddiscusstheargumentsforandagainstfossilfuels. T/F6Youshouldmentionotheralternativeenergyresources. T/F7Youshouldgivedetailedhistoricalaccountsofnucleardisasters. T/F8Youshouldonlymentionyouropinions. T/F9Youshouldexpressyouropinions,butshowawarenessofothers. T/F10Youshouldincluderelevantfactsthathelptosupportyouropinions. T/F

Activity7>Gettingideas>5minutes

a)Takeafewminutestojotdownargumentsforandagainsttheuseofnuclearpower.

• Page 9 of 15

b)Herearesomeideaswethoughtof. Whichofthesepointsareforandwhichagainst?WriteF(for)orA(against) nexttoeachpoint.

Activity8>Organisingabalanceddiscussion>10minutes

Onewaytoorganiseabalanceddiscussionissimplytodividetheargumentsforandtheargumentsagainstintotwoseparatecentralparagraphs.YouwouldneedtoconnectideasusingwordsandexpressionssuchasthoseyoulearnedinLessons1and2.

a)Connecttheideasintheexampleparagraphbelowwithwordsfromthebox.

However,anothereffectivewaytoorganiseyourdiscussionistomatchargumentwithcounterargumentinthesameparagraph.Thiscanoftenbeamorepersuasivewaytopresentyourviews.Youdemonstrateawarenessofothersopinions,butatthesametimeyoushowwhythesearemistaken.Again,connectingwordsandphraseshelptoholdtheparagraphtogether.

b)Connecttheideasintheexampleparagraphbelowwithwordsfromthebox.

causingdespiteforinstance moreimportantlymoreover while

• Page 10 of 15

Activity9>Developingamoreformalstyle>10minutes

Noticethatintheexampleparagraphabove,whichcontrastsargumentwithcounterargument,thewriterusesthepassivetointroduceideas:

Itisoftensaid.Itisalsoarguedthat

Thisisonewaytogiveyourwritingamoreformalstyle.

a)Rewriteeachofthesesentencesbyputtingthemainverbinthepassive.

1Peoplesaythatwindpowerturbinesarecompletelyharmless.

Itissaidthatwindpowerturbinesarecompletelyharmless.

2Therearepeoplewhoarguethatsolarpowerwillneverreplacefossilfuels.________________________________________________