Lab 7: How to Write an APA Methods Section

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Lab 7: How to Write an APA Methods Section. Andrew Reineberg 10- 19- 11. Today we will:. Learn how to write an APA methods section Work on programming our experiments to run in class We will conduct our studies on 11/2 and 11/9 (Wednesday section) or 11/4 and 11/11 (Friday section). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Lab 5: Span Tasks and APA Introductions

Lab 7: How to Write an APA Methods SectionAndrew Reineberg 10-19-11Today we will:Learn how to write an APA methods sectionWork on programming our experiments to run in classWe will conduct our studies on 11/2 and 11/9 (Wednesday section) or 11/4 and 11/11 (Friday section)APA Methodsdescribes in detail how the study was conducted APA style guideConsists of a few subsections to organize the information

SubsectionsParticipantsMaterialsProcedureThese are not set in stone

Methods label Methods is centered at the top of a new pageSubsections are aligned left and do not start on a new pageParticipantsAlways use term participantsYou are not the king; they are not your subjectsGive basic demographic informationWhere were they recruited fromHow were they compensatedAge, gender, race/ethnic, level of education breakdownFor you, okay to say things like ethnic breakdown of participants reflects the demographics of Univ. of Colorado Boulder

Andrews sampleFour undergraduates (3 females and 1 male) at the University of Pittsburgh participated for payment. Participants were paid $7 per hour, with a $20 bonus for completing the experiment. All subjects were native English speakers with normal vision. None of the participants were familiar with the text used in the study.MaterialsHighlight any special materials used to conduct your study:Pictures from a databaseWords from a databasePictures of scenes you createdAny type of questionnaire or inventory

Make sure you explain why you used them and also give credit to where you got themAndrews sampleParticipants read the entirety of Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen (1811/2008). The novel consisted of 50 chapters, with 7 to 17 pages per chapter and a maximum of 25 lines per page. Four-alternative multiple-choice questions were created (34 per chapter) to measure participants comprehension of the material. Participants read the material over multiple days so they could adapt to both reading on the eye tracker and the general procedure; this was done to make the reading as routine as possible and thereby maximize the probability of observing mindless reading.ProcedureWhat kind of design?e.g. two-group, between-subject design Exactly what did the participant experience in your study?Setting of experimentQuantity and duration of exposure to stimuliBreakdown of time spent on different parts of studyAndrews example - pt. 1Each participant read the novel at his or her own pace across 12 to 15 (M = 13.5) hour-long sessions. Each session and chapter began with a calibration of the eye tracker. Calibration was not done more frequently to avoid being intrusive and possibly reducing the frequency of mind wandering. Participants read at their own pace by pressing the F key to move forward through the text and pressing the B key to move backward through the text.Procedure contdMake sure you highlight any important instructions:e.g. Participants were provided with the following definition of zoning out: At some point during reading, you realize that you have no idea what you just read and that not only were you not thinking about the text, you were thinking about something else altogether. Participants were instructed to press the Z key whenever they caught themselves zoning out.Your ExperimentsWe will use two 2-hour sections to run our experimentsYou will run one person at a time for 10 minutes eachYour experiment must be entirely autonomous (runs on its own)Must have good/clear instructionsTypically students use pen/paper or PowerPoint to present stimuliRest of this class and next 2 classesTime to work on procedureI will not answer questions about this in office hours or via email (unless we run out of time in class)I must approve of your procedure, including any forms or instructions by end of class next week