la navidad en méxico (christmas in mexico) ©mfl sunderland 2006...

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La Navidad en Mxico (Christmas in Mexico) MFL Sunderland 2006 http://www.sunderlandschools.org/mfl-sunderlandhttp://www.sunderlandschools.org/mfl-sunderland Slide 2 Variety of activities that span the period from December 16th to January 6th. Variety of activities that span the period from December 16th to January 6th. The celebration are the fusion of indigenous and Spanish traditions. The celebration are the fusion of indigenous and Spanish traditions. Slide 3 LAS POSADAS Slide 4 fiestas, which represent Joseph and Mary's arduous pilgrimage on their way to Bethlehem, and there are nine posadas, from the 16 to the 24 of December, because they symbolize Mary's nine months of pregnancy fiestas, which represent Joseph and Mary's arduous pilgrimage on their way to Bethlehem, and there are nine posadas, from the 16 to the 24 of December, because they symbolize Mary's nine months of pregnancy Slide 5 LA PIATA A tradition that involves breaking a star shaped papier- mch container full of sweets, Mandarins, and small toys A tradition that involves breaking a star shaped papier- mch container full of sweets, Mandarins, and small toys A stick is used, and the piata is hung on a cord, which in turn is moved around to make it difficult for the person with the stick A stick is used, and the piata is hung on a cord, which in turn is moved around to make it difficult for the person with the stick Slide 6 You will hear the parents and children singing special Piata songs including a verse which says: You will hear the parents and children singing special Piata songs including a verse which says: no quiero oro ni quiero plata yo lo que quiero es romper la piata ( I dont need gold, nor do I desire silver All that I want is to break the piata! ) * * * * * * * "Dale, dale, dale, no pierdas el tino, porque si lo pierdes, pierdes el camino, Una, dos, tres!" Una, dos, tres!" ("Strike it, Strike it, Strike it, don't lose your aim, don't lose your aim, because if you lose it, you won't find your way! One, two, three!" ) Slide 7 PASTORELAS The Pastorelas in Mexico starts as simple parables of the struggle of good against evil. The light, humor-filled pastorelas are reenactments of the shepherds' adoration of the Christ Child The Pastorelas in Mexico starts as simple parables of the struggle of good against evil. The light, humor-filled pastorelas are reenactments of the shepherds' adoration of the Christ Child Slide 8 Slide 9 NACIMIENTO Nativity Crche Slide 10 NACIMIENTO Nativity scenes in wood, clay, metal, glass, wax, straw and almost any material you can think of, are another rich expression of popular art Nativity scenes in wood, clay, metal, glass, wax, straw and almost any material you can think of, are another rich expression of popular art Slide 11 FLOR DE NOCHE BUENA (Poinsettias) native to Mexico native to Mexico In Nhuatl they were called Cuitlaxochitl or star flowers In Nhuatl they were called Cuitlaxochitl or star flowers in Spanish they are known as Noche Buena in Spanish they are known as Noche Buena Slide 12 NOCHE BUENA 24th December 24th December Celebration of a late-night Misa de Gallo (Rooster's Mass) Celebration of a late-night Misa de Gallo (Rooster's Mass) Modern influences have introduced the Christmas tree and Santa Claus Modern influences have introduced the Christmas tree and Santa Claus Opening of gifts Opening of gifts Piatas and luces de Belen (sparklers) Piatas and luces de Belen (sparklers) Traditional Christmas supper Traditional Christmas supper Slide 13 homemade tamales and atole (corn gruel) or other regional dishes homemade tamales and atole (corn gruel) or other regional dishes roast turkey, ham or suckling pig are other popular menu items; as well as Romeritos (a herb) in Mole (a spicy chocolate sauce) with shrimps and potatoes; and Bacalao - cod served a la vizcaina, a Basque dish. The traditional dessert is colacin, a mixture of candies in syrup. Ponche (a hot fruit punch), sidra (sparkling cider) or other spirits are served for the holiday brindis (toast). roast turkey, ham or suckling pig are other popular menu items; as well as Romeritos (a herb) in Mole (a spicy chocolate sauce) with shrimps and potatoes; and Bacalao - cod served a la vizcaina, a Basque dish. The traditional dessert is colacin, a mixture of candies in syrup. Ponche (a hot fruit punch), sidra (sparkling cider) or other spirits are served for the holiday brindis (toast). Slide 14 NAVIDAD (Christmas day) A large reunion A large reunion Mean meal around three oclock in the afternoon, what it is known asrecalentado, because the Christmas meal is reheated from the previous night Mean meal around three oclock in the afternoon, what it is known asrecalentado, because the Christmas meal is reheated from the previous night Slide 15 AO NUEVO 31st December - 1st January 31st December - 1st January Big party, is ushered in with an abundance of noise, of wonderful fireworks and hundreds of skyrockets. Big party, is ushered in with an abundance of noise, of wonderful fireworks and hundreds of skyrockets. Friends and families celebrate with huge bonfires, music, food and dancing Friends and families celebrate with huge bonfires, music, food and dancing Custom: 12 grapes at midnight, each one on the strike of the bell, for good luck in each one of the following twelve months Custom: 12 grapes at midnight, each one on the strike of the bell, for good luck in each one of the following twelve months family toasts with apple cider and start to eat (supper is the same as the Christmas) family toasts with apple cider and start to eat (supper is the same as the Christmas) Slide 16 DIA DE REYES 6th January 6th January Twelfth Night, Epiphany, Three Kings Day, January 6th Twelfth Night, Epiphany, Three Kings Day, January 6th The tradition in Mexico for Dia de Reyes, Kings Day, is for children to leave their shoes outside the door so they can be filled with gifts from the Magi (Three Kings: Melchior, Gaspar and Baltazar), commemorating the gifts carried by the them to the Christ Child The tradition in Mexico for Dia de Reyes, Kings Day, is for children to leave their shoes outside the door so they can be filled with gifts from the Magi (Three Kings: Melchior, Gaspar and Baltazar), commemorating the gifts carried by the them to the Christ Child Eating the traditional: Rosca de Reyes Eating the traditional: Rosca de Reyes Slide 17 Special bread made for the occasion in the form of a crown, decorated with dried fruits and hiding in its midst one or several little dolls Special bread made for the occasion in the form of a crown, decorated with dried fruits and hiding in its midst one or several little dolls The guest who finds the doll (representing the infant Jesus) in their slice of Rosca give a party on February 2nd, Candelaria, with tamales and atole for all. The guest who finds the doll (representing the infant Jesus) in their slice of Rosca give a party on February 2nd, Candelaria, with tamales and atole for all. Slide 18 DECORATION Slide 19 Slide 20 FELIZ NAVIDAD Y PRSPERO AO NUEVO!

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