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K to 12Basic Education Program

What nobler employment or more valuable to the state than that of the man who instructs the rising generation. Marcus Cicero

Salient Features of the Proposed K to 12 BEC Framework Holistic Development Outcome- based Principles on inclusive Education, flexibility and differentiated learning system and balanced learning experiences Ensure learner- centred pedagogical approaches

K to 12 Education VisionGraduates of Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program will: acquire mastery of basic competencies. be more emotionally mature. be socially aware, pro- active, involved in public and civic affairs.


adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship. be legally employable with potential for better earnings. be globally competitive.

Salient Points on the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program

What is K+12?K+12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. Kindergarten refers to the 5-year old cohort that takes a standardized kinder curriculum. Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves six or seven years of education. Secondary education refers to high school.

How are we planning to implement the K to 12 Program?After considering various proposals and studies, the model that is currently being proposed by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. This involves Kindergarten, six years of elementary education, four years of junior high school ( grades 7 to 10 ) and two years of senior high school ( grades 11 to 12 ). The two years of senior high school intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies.

Features of K-6-4-2Kindergarten and 12 years of quality basic education is a right of every Filipino, therefore they must be and will be provided by government and will be free. Those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high school diploma (4 years) and a senior high school diploma ( 2 years).

A full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education ( entering freshmen by SY 2018- 2019 or six years from now). An open and consultative process will be adopted in the development and implementation of K to 12. Change is two- fold: (a) curriculum enhancement and (b) transition management.

What is Senior High School?2

years of in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/ career track they wish to pursueand competencies to be develop will be relevant to the job market



two years of senior high school intends to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and competencies. The curriculum will allow specialization in Science & Technology, Music, Arts, Agriculture, Fisheries, Sports, Business and Entrepreneurship.


Phases of Implementation1.

Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011- 2012.DepEd will begin unclogging the basic education curriculum in SY 2012- 2013.


3. The enhanced 12-year curriculum will be implemented starting with the incoming grade 1 students of SY 2012- 2013.4. Incoming freshmen of SY 2012- 2013 will be the first beneficiary of a free Senior High School education that will be made available by DepEd in public schools beginning SY 2016- 2017. Electives to be offered in SHS: arts, music, tech-voc, etc.

Why add more two years?to decongest and enhance the basic education curriculum. to provide better quality education for all. the Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year basic education program. K+12 is not new. The proposal to expand the basic education dates back to 1925. studies in the Phils. have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5 %.

studies validate that improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by 2% to 2.2%. minus 2 instead of plus 2 for those families who cannot afford a college education but still wish to have an employable child. to inspire a shift in attitude that completion of high school education is more than just preparation for college but can be sufficient for a gainful employment or career.

What will society gain from K to 12 Program?K to 12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth K to 12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long term socio- economic development.

With K to 12, we willProduce holistically developed learners who have 21st century skills and are prepared for higher education, middle level skills development, employment and entrepreneurship.

The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum will be enhanced.Integrative, inquiry- based, Constructivist Focuses on the optimum development of the Filipino



ResponsiveFlexible to local needs


Allows for mastery of competencies


Continuum following an expanding spiral progression model


Two Programs for Transition Management Senior

High School (SHS) System Readiness Assessment to 12 Modelling


SHS System Readiness AssessmentTo (1) determine current absorptive capacity per region of all education institutions(supply) (2) ascertain current industry & employment demand and anticipate future opportunities (demand) (3) and ensure that SHS system will be instrumental in adequately addressing both. >match supply with demand