Jekyll Island Conservation Plan Draft 1A

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<ul><li> 1. JEKYLL ISLANDconservation plan A #1TAFDR Draft 11/22/10 November 2010</li></ul><p> 2. CONTENTSA Executive Summary 01#1Introduction 02Environmental Settings 03 Vegetative Communities 04 TResource-based Recreation and Environmental AF Education 05Environmental Assessment Procedure 06 DR Management Units 07Bibliography 08 Draft 11/22/10 3. 01EXECUTIVE SUMMARYinsert text Bero expedig enihil moloreheni omnimus eos el maion etureicatur receatus nusam utemvoluptibus ipiendu ciatus perectaest, sum aliquo qui quidenditet ex eum dest fuga. Untotatem as Aacestis et etus vit eturit vent velicaerspe nis int volupta quisciet, secaepr epuditem sum fugia arumfugia volorem. Et ium hillacc umenducim fugit estias doluptaqui conest, odiatio nsequia qui rest, ut#1aut fugiaec tatustrum liquiaerovit acepudis aborporem fugia culless inctus dolor aspiste voles di cust,etur sim sin estotatio. 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Itatesed qui a nullacipis as dolestibus atem re plant, as aut iur molupta sinum qui sit, quamaboruptas maiossum que ditas rehendit litaecae sed et aliatum none optatur, od mosapedit vidmagniscil ent facerum quas ma volorpo ratur?Est, culpa doloreptatem ipidici tiatume nosandis a et liqui sequi velesero ommolore ipsum hilitiasDRautem id quo est, saerro inventi conest, omnimi, sendunt vendipsape nesequi atibusa pitatem re iliquisitatiis quia que doluptae. Ciat quo mo eturit harione ceatusr.Draft 11/22/10 4. A#1 T AFDR Draft 11/22/10 5. 02INTRODUCTION2.1 THE CONSERVATIONthe NatureServe Ecological System should be used as abaseline for implementing plans for resource protection.ACOMMITTEE The conservation committee participated in the#1development of an interim conservation plan that providesThe Jekyll Island Authority (JIA) established a useful natural resource information that is included inConservation Committee and tasked them with the Appendix A. Additional objectives beyond the scoperesponsibility of developing a Plan for the long-term of this initial report were developed by the JIA and theconservation of natural resources on Jekyll Island. The conservation committee, and AECOM was hired tocommittee created an outline of the conservation strategy complete this additional study. The scope of work for thein 2007, and updated this outline in December of 2009.creation of this conservation plan includes:This Conservation Strategy included the following mission: T compilation of existing data, Preserve, maintain, manage, and restore mapping of natural systems using the NatureServedatabase,AF Jekyll Islands natural communities and site analyses to evaluate natural systems and their species diversity while providing nature-existing conditions, facilitation of the plan through the conservation based educational and recreationalcommittee, opportunities for the general public. review of the plan through public workshops, andDR presentation of the plan to the JIA Board.The Committee identied four primary areas of focus.AECOM conducted this work with close communicationThese were: with the JIA project manager, Dr. Terry Norton, and in closecollaboration with JIA staff that served on the Conservation1. preservation of biological communities and species Committee. Committee members included the following diversity, professionals and organizations:2. restoration, maintenance, and management of the islands ecological processes, Terry Norton, JIA, Committee Chairman3. nature-based tourism and recreation, and Eric Garvey, JIA4. environmental education. Cliff Gawron, JIAJim Broadwell, JIAGoals identied by the Committee included stewardship Brad Winn, Georgia DNRof natural resources, the provision of high-quality nature- Gabe Gaddis, Georgia DNRbased recreational experiences, and the development Scott Coleman, Little St. Simons Islandof a funding strategy for achieving conservation goals. Stacia Hendricks, Little St. Simons IslandThe strategy recognizes the importance of partnersTricia Reynolds, Coastal Regional commissionin implementing conservation objectives, as well as Beth Blalock, Georgia Conservancythe assessment of public access, and other activities Christi Lambert, The Nature Conservancythat could impact natural habitats. The Committeedetermined that data compiled under the framework ofConservation Plan Draft 11/22/10 5 6. The Conservation Committee itself was an active representatives of the public, Dr. Steve Newell and Mr. Alparticipant in the organization of this report, and the interim Tate, served as reviewers of this report. Finally, the Jekyllreview of each section of the Plan. The Committee met ve Island Authority (JIA) Board provided oversight to thetimes from April 2010 through January 2011, and providedproduction of this document, and was updated on its statusvaluable insight on coastal Georgia resource issues for in September, 2010 and January 2011.which they had broad and deep experience and expertise.The Plan consists of documentation of data compiledon natural resources in Georgia through written text,appendices, and references to websites where data on seaturtle nests, bird banding stations, NatureServe research,etc. is regularly updated. It also includes a new processfor assessing projects that could impact natural resourcescalled the Environmental Assessment Procedure. Thisprocess will be included in the project review that iscurrently conducted by the JIA for proposed developments,along with the Master Plan, and design guidelines andprotocol for compliance with stormwater, beachfrontlighting and pet restrictions.The Plan uses NatureServe communities as a basis forcreating Desired Future Conditions, and dening sixAManagement Units for the Island. Objectives, Priorities,and Short- and Long-term Actions are described for each#1Management Unit, including the Golf Course and Urbanunits. A number of management priorities will requirefurther research, and discussion with other experts.These include the development of a comprehensivebeach management plan, and a plan for managingnuisance and invasive wildlife populations. The Planincludes recommendations for a consolidated approachPreserve Jekyll Islands natural resources whileto environmental education, and new recreation trails andTproviding nature-based opportunities for the public.facilities that can be used in conjunction with containingwildres. AFThe Plan is not static and new information collected by2.2 DATA COMPILATIONnatural resource agencies, the JIA, University researchers,and volunteers will continue to provide insight intoAND COMPONENTS OF THE conservation and management of natural resources onthe Island. It is expected that this Plan will evolve with thisPLAN DRadditional information and experience, and will serve as aconservation vision for the next 100 years.Because of the extent of existing data on natural systemsin the region, and on Jekyll Island in particular, thisinvestigation did not involve extensive eldwork to compileinformation on natural communities, land use, or thedominant plants and animals found in coastal Georgia.The Georgia Department of Natural Resources conductedextensive work on Jekyll Island from 2007 2010, and wewere able to use the detailed, recent information that theyhad collected as base maps for this Plan. Likewise, thedata compiled for the interim Conservation Plan was usefulin documenting species occurrence information that iscited in appendices to this report.Jekyll Islands natural resources are treasured by localresidents, frequent guests, business owners, andenvironmental activists concerned about the protection ofunique resources in coastal Georgia. As a consequence,the public was invited to share their perspectiveabout conservation on the island in public meetingsheld in October and December, 2010. In addition two6 Draft 11/22/10Jeykll Island 7. 03ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING3.1 CLIMATE AND SOILS 3.2 REGIONAL CONTEXTAJekyll Island is located in Glynn County, the southernmostThe Georgia Humanities Council in partnership with thecounty on the State of Georgia coast. The county is University of Georgia has created the Land and Resources#1hot and humid in the summer but the barrier island is section of the new Georgia Encyclopedia. This onlinefrequently cooled by sea breezes. Winters are cool, withresource provides a primer on the history, geology, andoccasional brief cold spells. Rainfall is frequent throughout ecology of Jekyll Island including Jekyll Island Statethe year; snowfall is rare. The USDA Natural ResourcesPark. This website includes a description of the ecologyConservation Service soil survey for Glynn County of Georgias Lower Coastal Plain found at: http://www.Georgia identies nine general soil map units, which Thegrouped according to slope and landscape. Those thatwebsite illustrates the physiographic context of JekyllToccur on Jekyll Island include the Meggett, Mandarin- Island along the Georgia coast in association with GeorgiaRutledge, Cainhoy-Mandarin-Pottsburg, Pelham-Sapelo,barrier islands from Tybee Island south to CumberlandFripp-Duckston-Beaches, and Bohicket-Capers families of Island. Figure 2 provides an aerial of Jekyll Island includingAFsoils. Specic mapping units that occur on Jekyll Island arenatural features from the Altamaha River north of Little St.shown on Figure 1.Simons Island, south to include the Brunswick, Satilla, andCumberland Rivers just north of the Florida state line.DRVegetative communities transition over time onPhoto captionhistoric dunes.Conservation Plan Draft 11/22/10 7 8. FIGURE 1SOILSLegend Project Area 5,847.2 acres Soil and Description BO Bohicket-Capers Association Be Beaches CaB Carnhoy Fine Sand, 0-5% slopes FdD Fripp-Duckson Complex, 0-20% slopes Ma Mandarin Fine SandA Mb Mandarin-Urban Land Complex Me Meggett Fine Sandy Loam Pe Pelham Loamy Sand Po Pottsburg Sand Ru Rutledge Fine Sand W Water #1TAFDR8 Draft 11/22/10 Jeykll Island 9. FIGURE 2REGIONALCONTEXTLegend Project Area A #1 TAFDRConservation Plan Draft 11/22/10 9 10. 3.3 GEOLOGIC FRAME OF REFERENCE Taylor Schoettle created A Guide to a Georgia Barrier Island (1996), and it features Jekyll Island along with St. Simons and Sapelo islands. This book also provides a summary of the geology and ecology of Jekyll Island. It has some very specic notations about specic sites on the island and provides a comprehensive description of the ecology of various natural systems from the beach and dunes systems, across salt marshes and freshwater sloughs to maritime forests. Mr. Schoettle provides a series of maps depicting tidal currents, rivers and inlets, and barrier island proles reecting the time frame in which Jekyll Island and other Georgia coastal islands were created. The majority of Jekyll Island was created 35,000 to 40,000 years ago during the Pleistocene epoch. Small portions of Jekyll Island were created in the Holocene Epoch, and these portions of the island have youngerA vegetation associations. Tidal ow, patterns of waves and currents, and dynamic winds continue to affect soil Photo caption #1 deposition and vegetation associations on the island. In general, the northeastern portion of the island is affected by erosive currents, and the southern portion of the island is exposed to accretion and the formation of new dunes. 3.5 HISTORICAL LAND USES 3.4 ECOLOGICAL THREATS Schoettle (1996) provides a good description of the AND PROBLEMS T historical uses of Jekyll Island that are relevant to its ecology. He describes historical uses in specic time The US Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Oceanicframes that trace back to the Indians coastal Georgia rst AF and Atmospheric Administration, and others have created documented on Sapelo Island up roughly 5800 years ago. management plans for many of the barrier islands on The British Colonial Period (1730 - 1780) affected island Georgias Gulf Coast. The US Fish and Wildlife Serviceecology on a small scale since several hundred acres has created a Draft Comprehensive Conservation Plan of English rye and hops were planted on the island to and Environmental Assessment, for the Savannah coastalproduce beer for the troops and residents on St. Simons DR refuge complex for several counties in Georgia and SouthIsland. It is likely that hundreds of live oak (Quercus Carolina. This September, 2010 publication provides a virginianus) trees were cut during the mid-1700s through detailed depiction of the ecological context of these islands the mid-1800s, and hundreds of acres of Sea Island cotton that are similar to Jekyll Island, including an identication was planted on Pleistocene soils on Jekyll Island between of ecological threats and problems. These include the 1780 in 1860. The purchase of the island by members effects of hydrological change from large industriesof the famous Jekyll Island Club may have protected the (especially pulp and paper and chemical industries);island from further alterations between 1886 in 1947. As maintenance dredging; deeper dredging that might affect a consequence, when the state bought the island and the freshwater aquifer; beach erosion; sea level rise; andcommitted to conservation of 65% of its area in 1947, encroachment by exotic or invasive species such as Laurel much of the island was in a natural state. Wilt, invasive plants such as Chinese tallow and cogon grass, and feral hogs. The report predicts temperature increases of about 2F in the summer and 3F in the winter and spring; the possibility of an increase in severe storms such as hurricanes and summer thunderstorms; and sea level rise of approximately 25 by 2100.10 Draft 11/22/10Jeykll Island 11. 04VEGETATIVE COMMUNITIES4.1 INTRODUCTION Desired future conditions for the community that would be obtained with appropriate management over a 100 A year period.Extensive vegetation community and land cover mappinghas been conducted as part of previous management #1 A list of plant species, including both common names usedplanning efforts for the island and work conducted by thein the overview and the corresponding scientic names areGeorgia Department of Natural Resources (GDNR). Theincluded in Table ____. A detailed list of plant and wildlifeGDNR mapping efforts characterized the vegetation typesspecies observed on the island during the production ofon the island using International Vegetation Classication the interim cons...</p>