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James Cameron

James CameronCameron was born inKapuskasing Ontario in 1954. Cameron grew up inChippawa, Ontario. He attended Stamford Collegiate School inNiagara Falls Ontario. His family moved to Brea , California when he was 17 years old. Over there he attended Brea Olindia High school for his further secondary education. After studying he did several jobs, including as a truck driver,. Then after some time Cameron quit his job as a truck driver to enter the film industry after watching the original star wars film in 1977. When Cameron readSyd field's bookScreenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and art was possible, and he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titledXenogenesis. They raised money, rented camera, lenses, film stock and studio then shot it in 35mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the first half-day of the shoot trying to figure out how to get it running.

Early careerCameron first film was named Xenogenesis. He was the director, writer, producer, and production designer forXenogenesis. He then became a production assistant on a filmRock and Roll High School in 1979. Cameron started working as a miniature-model maker atRoger CormanStudios. He was soon employed as an art director in sci-fi movie Battle Beyond The Stars. Cameron was hired as the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha in 1981. The original director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producerOviedo Assonates , who then gave Cameron his first job as overall director.The movie was produced in Jamaica but the production slowed down due to several problems such as adverse weather. Soon Cameroon was fired after failing to take close ups of Carole Davies. After getting Fired Oviedo invited Cameron to stay and help in shooting but un fortunately he got a food poison and he got ill, he had a nightmare about an invincible robot hit-man sent from the future to kill him, giving him the idea forThe Terminator, which later catapulted his film career.Major filmsTERMINATOR (1984):- As Cameroon completed the screen play for The terminator he decided to sell it to sell it so he could direct a movie .However the production companies he contacted were unwilling to work with him on the project because he was largely inexperienced feature film director to make movie. Finally he found a company called Hemdale pictures. Gale Anne Hurd who had started her own production company,Pacific Western Productions had previously worked with Cameron in Roger Corman's company and agreed to buy Cameron's screenplay for one dollar, on the condition that Cameron direct the film. Hurd was signed on as producer, and Cameron finally got his first break as director.OrionPicturesdistributed the film. For the role of the Terminator, Cameron envisioned a man who was not exceptionally muscular, who could "blend into" a crowd.Lance Henriksen who had starred inPiranha II: The Spawning, was considered for the title role, but whenArnold Schwarzenegger and Cameron first met over lunch to discuss Schwarzenegger's playing the role ofKyle Reese both came to the conclusion that thecyborgvillain would be the more compelling role for theAustrianbody builder Henriksen got the smaller part ofLAPDdetective Hal Vukovich and the role ofKyle Reese went toMichael n Biennia addition,Linda Hamilton first appeared in this film in her iconic role ofSarah ConnorThe Terminatorwas a box-office hit, breaking expectations by Orion Pictures executives that the film would be regarded as no more than a sci-fi film and only last a week in theatres. It was a low-budget film which cost $6.5million to make, cutting expenses in such ways as recording the audio track in mono. However,The Terminatoreventually earned over $78million worldwide

The AbyssCameron next project stemmed from an idea that had come up from biology class. The story of oil-rig workers who discover otherworldly underwater creatures became the basis of Cameron's screenplay forThe Abyss, which castEd Harris,Mary Elizebeth MastrantoninoandMichael Biehn. Initially budgeted at $41million U.S. though the production ran considerably over budget, it was considered to be one of the most expensive films of its time and required cutting-edge effects technology. This was because most of the film was made under water and the technology wasnt vast enouh to digitally make under water enviourment. For creation of the sets, the containment building of an unfinished nuclear power plant was converted, and two huge tanks were used. The main tank was filled with 7,500,000 US gallons (28,000,000L) of water and the second with 2,500,000 US gallons (9,500,000L). The cast and crew resided there for much of the filming.

Terminator2 (1991)After the success ofThe Terminator, there had been talk about a sequel to continue the story of Sarah Connor and her struggle against machines from the future. Although Cameron had come up with a core idea for the sequel and Schwarzenegger expressed interest in continuing the story, there were still problems regarding who had the rights to the story, as well as the logistics of the special effects needed to make the sequel. Finally, in late-1980s,Mario Kassar ofCarolos Picturessecured the rights to the sequel, allowing Cameron to greenlight production of the film, now calledTerminator 2 Judgment Day. For the film,Linda Hamiltonreprised her iconic role of Sarah Connor. In addition, Schwarzenegger also returned in his role as The Terminator, but this time as a protector. Unlike Schwarzenegger's characterthe T-800 Terminator which is made of a metal endoskeletonthe new villain of the sequel, called theT-1000, is a more-advanced Terminator made of liquid metal, and with polymorphic abilities. The T-1000 would also be much less bulky than the T-800. For the role, Cameron castRobert Patrick , a sharp contrast to Schwarzenegger. Cameron explained, "I wanted someone who was extremely fast and agile. If the T-800 is a humanPanzer tank, then the T-1000 is aPorsche. TriStar Picturesagreed to distribute the film, but under a locked release date only about one year after the start of shooting. The movie, co-written by Cameron and his long time friend,William Wisher, Jr., had to go from screenplay to finished film in just that amount of time. Like Cameron's previous film, it was one of the most expensive films of its era, with a budget of about $100million. The biggest challenge of the movie was the special effects used in creating the T-1000. Nevertheless, the film was finished on time and released to theatres on July 3, 1991.Terminator2 as it was abbreviated, broke box-office records (including the opening weekend record for anR-ratedfilm), earning over $200million in the United States and Canada, and over $300million in other territories, and became the highest-grossing film of that year. It won fourAcademy AwardsBest Makeup,Best Sound,Best Sound Effects Editing, andBest Visual Effects. It was also nominated forBest CinematographyandBest Film Editing.

Titanic 1997Cameron expressed interest in the famous sinking of the ship Titanic. He decided to film his project in this event. The movie revolved around a romance story between two young lovers who were from different social class and met each other on ship. Cameroon casted Leonardo DiCaprio,Kate Winslet,Billy Zane,Kathy Bates,Frances Fisher,Gloria Stuart,Bernard Hill,Jonathan Hyde,Victor Garber,Danny Nucci David Warner,Suzy Amis, andBill Paxtonas the film's principal cast. Cameron's budget for the film reached about $200million, making it the most expensive movie ever made at the time.AS it was released on 19 December 1997 titanic earned 28.7 million dollars in less than a week and in second week 35.4 million dollars . This was especially noteworthy, considering that the film's running time of more than three hours limited the number of showings each theatre could schedule. It held the No. 1 spot on the box-office charts for months, eventually grossing a total of $600.8million in the United States and Canada and more than $1.84billion worldwide.Titanicbecame thehighest-grossing film of all time, both worldwide and in theUnited States and Canada and was also the first film to gross more than $1 billion worldwide. It remained the highest-grossing film since 1998, until Cameron's 2009 filmAvatarsurpassed its gross in 2010

Avatar 2009In June 2005, Cameron was announced to be working on a project titled "Project 880 which is now know to be Avatar and he was also working on another project nameBattle Angel. Avatarhad an estimated budget of over $300million and was released on December 18, 2009.This marked his first feature film since 1997'sTitanic. It was entirely based on computer generated animation and much advanced technology was used .Cameroon wrote avatar script in 1995 and announced it that he would complete it after making titanic. In 2006 he explained the delay for avatar this was because there were no advanced technologies to make the film at the time no studio would finance for the development of the visual effects. The film was originally scheduled to be released in May 2009 but was pushed back to December 2009 to allow more time for post-production on the complexCGIand to give more time for theatres worldwide to install 3D projectors. Cameron originally intendedAvatarto be 3D-only. Avatarbroke several box office records during its initial theatrical run. It grossed $749.7 million in the United States and Canada and more than $2.74 billion worldwide, becoming thehighest-grossing film of all timein theUnited States and Canada, surpassing Cameron'sTitanic Avatar also became the first movie to ever earn more than $2billion worldwide. Including revenue from the re-release ofAvatarfeaturing extended footage, it grossed $760.5 million in the U.S. and Canada and more than $2.78 billion worldwide. It was nominated for nineAcademy

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