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Eun-Ju Kim, Ph.D
ITU Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting
26 June 2013
ITU-R ITU-T ITU-D
ITU's Telecommunication Standardization Sector for setting international standards through Recommendations.
ITUs Development Sector for development of ICT through the best practices and programs.
ITU: International Telecommunication Union
UN Specialized Agency for Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
Membership of 193 States and over 700
industries, R&D institutes, regional organizations, and academia.
ITUs Radio-communication Sector for radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits through Regulations.
ITU Headquarter Geneva, Switzerland
Europe Regional Office Geneva, Switzerland
CIS Area Office Moscow, Russia
Arab Regional Office Cairo, Egypt
Asia-Pacific Regional Office Bangkok, Thailand
Area Office Jakarta, Indonesia
Africa Regional Office Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Area Office Central Africa (Yaounde, Cameroon) Southern Africa (Harare, Zimbabwe) West Africa (Dakar, Senegal)
Americas Regional Office Brasilia, Brazil
Area Office Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Santiago, Chile. Bridgetown, Barbados
ITU: Regional Resences
ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Office
ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Office is responsible for affordable and sustainable access to and use of telecommunications/ICT infrastructure and applications through serving members for inclusive information and knowledge society with various development initiatives and projects based on public-private-peoples partnership as well as South-South and multi-stakeholders' cooperation.
Serving 38 States and over 72 Sector Members in the Asia-Pacific Region.
ITU Asia-Pacific Region
Regional Office for Asia and
the Pacific: Bangkok, Thailand
Area Office for South East Asia:
Low-Income States (9)
The Rest (10)
Broadband Access and Uptake in Urban and Rural Areas
Telecommunications/ICT Policy and Regulation in the Asia-Pacific Region
ASP RI 1 Unique ICT Needs LDCs, SIDSs and Landlocked Developing Countries
ASP RI 2
ASP RI 3
ASP RI 4
ASP RI 5
To provide special assistance to LDCs, SIDS and landlocked developing countries in order to meet their priority ICT requirements.
To provide assistance to Member States at all phases of disaster management, i.e. disaster preparedness including early warning, disaster response/relief and rehabilitation of telecommunication networks.
To assist ITU Member States in making a smooth transition from analogue to digital broadcasting.
To assist Member States in the development of broadband access in urban and rural areas.
To assist Member States in developing of appropriate policy and regulatory frameworks, enhancing skills, increasing information sharing and strengthening regulatory cooperation. .
ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Initiatives & Projects (2011-2014)
Overview & Objectives
Digital Broadcasting - Overview
Why Digital Broadcasting ?
High Quality A&V
Portability and mobility
Pay TV platform
Efficient Use of spectrum
Convergence and Competition
What are the main challenges of
analogue switch-over ?
Legal and Political issues
Program editors, Licensing, number and ownership of
Multiplexes, Network Operators, Public TV services,
commercial TVs, local TV Standards, Analogue Switch Off
Standards, compression system (MPEG2/MPEG4), Spectrum
availability, network planning (MFN/SFN), coverage areas, end
users equipment (Set-Top Box D-TV), etc.
Introduction of new business model,
transition costs, subsidizing vulnerable people, etc.
Allocation of digital dividend
Digital TV Standards
ATSC Advanced Television System Committee in USA
Currently in USA and Canada
Mainly terrestrial standard
ISDB Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting
Mainly in Japan, Brazil and some south America
Extended to terrestrial, cable, and satellite standard
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting Developed through a consortium known as DVB in
Many variants or forms of DVB operation
DMB-T Digital Multimedia Broadcasting Developed by China for terrestrial transmission.
Analogue Switch Off in the Asia-Pacific
* Japan & ROP Korea have completed ASO in 2012.
Digital Broadcasting - Guidelines
Guidelines on the introduction of Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting (DTTB) and Mobile Television Broadcasting (MTV) with the support of Korea Communications Commission (KCC), the Republic of Korea.
Guidelines are designed to provide information and recommendations on policy, regulation, technologies, network planning, customer awareness and business planning including Archive Section for the smooth introduction of DTTB and MTV.
Updated Guidelines with support from the MIC, Japan, includes information on Cable Network, IPTV, and Satellite TV.
Guidelines: Functional Framework
indicates the decisions
to be considered for the
introduction of DTTB
Five functional layers:
1. Policy and Regulation
2. Analogue Switch-Over
3. Market and Business
4. Networks (DTTB &
5. Roadmap Development
Policy & Regulations
Policy & Regulation for ASO and DTTB/MTV assignment
can differ and coexist:
ASO: services (& levels) are led by governments; and
DTTB/MTV services (& levels) are by markets.
Roadmap of the functional building blocks can vary from
country to country:
Local situation; and
Functional building blocks are closely related:
Roadmap execution is an iterative process.
Analogue Switch Off (ASO)
ASO is initiated and led by governments:
Government is responsible for DTV service (& levels); and
Government will incure (significant) costs.
ASO key decisions are:
Simulcast or not; and
When, where and how long.
ASO process requires timely & careful planning, esp. when
simulcast & infra/spectrum incompatibility exist.
ASO Key Success Factors are: e.g.,
Coordination across value chain
Sufficient financial resources
Market & Business Development
Market & Business Planning is for regulators to
Business Model Assignment Procedure
Business Case Assignment Procedure
Service Proposition License Term & Conditions
Market & Business Planning requires regulatory input
for timely & comprehensive communications: e.g.,
National Spectrum Plan
License procedure and Term &Conditions
Business Planning process is highly interactive with:
Network Planning process
Policy & Regulations process
Three major documents have to be prepared:
Description of network principles
Collection of coverage presentation and list of station
Network implementation plan
Key topics and choices should be considered.
Choices should be made : e.g.,
License conditions are fulfilled;
Business objectives are met; and
Optimum solutions be found between often conflicting
requirements regarding picture and sound quality,
coverage quality and transmission costs.
Establishing cooperation structure with manufactures and telecom
operators is essential element for soft landing and rapid growth of MTV.
New window : can cover mobile receiving domain
Various multimedia services : can enjoy anywhere
new Business Modules
Progress of broadcasting culture. Promotion of broadcasting industry. New delivery media.