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<ol><li> 1. Tools and Resources Used to Maximize Profits </li><li> 2. We provide Technology and Engineering services From Concept to Commercialization Productivity and Growth It is all about business and finance - $$$ ....Under legal and ethical constraints To all segments of the Food and Beverage Industry 35 years of experience and expertise Comprehensive and Versatile By maximizing economic as well as consumer needs A distinctive approach Competitive Advantage with Confidence With technical rigor appropriate to challenge First principle, statistical or empirical analysis Robust decisions How and Why? Mission Food Processing Maximize 2 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 3. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 By: application of scientific and engineering principles and practices Leverage IT revolution computing power data access - internet value generation bridge gap between generation and use of information Mission Provide tangible and material economic benefit To Food and Beverage Processors, On a Time Effective basis Because Consumer wants and needs are rapidly changing Technology is available With Employment of skills and resources on as needed basis 3 </li><li> 4. First things First Fulfill a BUSINESS NEED Match resources technology and engineering to need Product life cycle Growth share matrix Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 90004 </li><li> 5. Proteins Casein Soy Isolate Carbohydrates Starches, Sweetners Bio-Ethanol Animal feed Bio-Waste Essential nutrients Fiber Vitamins and Minerals Fats and Oils Ghee, Butter Cookin Oil, Shortening Lard, Tallow Bio-Diesel Fractionation of Agricutural produce Commodity products are enablers for consumer products Agricultural products Fruits and Vegetables Corn, Soy, Peanuts, Beans Milk, Fish Meat - Poultry From farm to food industry and commerce 5 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 6. Concept to Commercialization the journey 6 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 7. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Services: Technology Sourcing and Selection- Selected examples Open Innovation In House - Incremental Cross fertilization Leverage Public Domain - Radical USDA Puffing Gun NASA / Military Academia Know how and Expertise Consortias - Targeted NCFFST CAFT Acquisitions / Mergers - Radical Technology transfer to China Nutritious meats / TSP RBD Oil/Margarine/Soy Isolate Caramel Color E/P/C services Supercritical Extraction MW applications 130 MM Cereal plant Bio-Diesel Corn Wet milling Complex Artisan Bread Abattoir Yield / PSE reduction Food and Beverage processors Orange juice / Concentrate Sports drinks / HF 7 </li><li> 8. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Services: Product and Process Development Product Marketing - Consumer Focus / CLT / HUT BASIS Product Scale Bench / PP Formulation / Ingr. Regulatory Label / Std. of Identity Functional properties Safety / Sensory / S.Life Margin / Contribution Process - Selection Unit Operations / Processes Characterize Ingr. Streams Cause &amp; Effect Correlation Quantification -Modeling Mathematical / Statistical Empirical / 1st Principle Pilot Planting - Verification Scale Up / Start - Up Pilot to Commercial C P 8 </li><li> 9. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Services: Process Engineering Production of Engineering deliverable for Procurement 9 </li><li> 10. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Services: Project Engineering Support to PM Coordination of disciplines and other technical inputs 10 </li><li> 11. Services: Financial analysis ROI, NPV, IRR Fixed and Variable costs Factored Capital cost estimate Total project costs based on factors for project components Value and Basis of factors Category Engineers Aide PI CS Food/Pharm. industry factor SS Engineers Aide PI CS Food/Pharm. industry factor SS Equipment 20.70% 20.70% 34.31% 28.87% 28.90% 44.84% Installation 9.80% 9.73% 8.06% 13.67% 13.58% 10.53% I&amp;C 3.70% 3.73% 3.09% 5.16% 5.21% 4.04% Piping and Valves and fittings 13.70% 13.66% 11.32% 19.11% 19.07% 14.79% Electrical and lighting 2.30% 2.28% 1.89% 3.21% 3.18% 2.47% Building and services 3.70% 3.73% 3.09% 5.16% 5.21% 4.04% Land and site work 3.30% 3.31% 2.75% 4.60% 4.62% 3.59% Utilities and service facilities 14.50% 14.49% 12.01% 20.22% 20.23% 15.70% Total direct costs 71.70% 71.63% 76.52% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% Engineering, design, management 6.80% 6.83% 5.66% Construction expenses and fees 12.80% 12.84% 10.63% Total contingencies 8.70% 8.70% 7.20% Total indirect costs 28.30% 28.37% 23.49% Total project costs 100% 100% 100% 11 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 12. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 1.67 .10 6 3.33 .10 6 5 .10 6 6.67 .10 6 8.33 .10 6 1 .10 7 1.17 .10 7 1.33 .10 7 1.5 .10 7 1.67 .10 7 1.83 .10 7 2 .10 7 Refrigeration cost Facility cost Total cost, $ Figure 1: Time for cooling, hours Capitalcost,$ 2 10 7 0 c r c f c t 71 t hr Services: Financial analysis ROI, NPV, IRR Freezing tunnel - Hog Carcass Chill Room 12 </li><li> 13. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 900013 Capital cost optimization - Example 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 Refrigeration systemcost Facility cost, @ 50 $/sq ft Total cost, FC @ 40 $/Sq.Ft. Total cost, FC @ 50 $/Sq.Ft. Total cost, FC @ 60 $/Sq.Ft. Capital cost minimization Time in chiller, minutes Installedcosts,$inMillions 2.5 0.5 RC t( ) 10 6- FC 50 t( ) 10 6- TC 40 t( ) 10 6- TC 50 t( ) 10 6- TC 60 t( ) 10 6- 18080 t </li><li> 14. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Services: Capital Project Management 14 </li><li> 15. Concept to commercializationBusiness Case Concept development Basic / Preliminary Engineering Detailed Engineering Procurement Construction / Installation Start-Up and Commisioning Evaluation of Business opportunity: Growth New product / Line Extension Productivity Cost reduction Business fit strategic / tactical Research and Development Market insights- Share / Niche / Need Technical problem solving Refine techno-economic assumptions Feasibility studies Process definition in detail Technical / Economical Sensitivity analysis PFD / P&amp;ID / Data sheets Cost estimate +/-: 15-30 % Engineering and documentation Drawings / Specifications Request for Proposal / Quotation Bids / Quotes analysis Cost estimate +/-: 10-20 % Purchasing and follow Up Bid award / Purchase orders Fabrication Assembly drawing approval Inspection /Expediting / FAT Construction / Installation Mobilize trades Dry runs Electro / Mechanical completion Cost estimate +/-: 10-15 % Start Up and Commissioning Wet runs / Training / SAT Commission/Qualify/Validate Cost estimate +/-: 10 % 15 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 16. It is all about business and finance - $$$ ....Under legal and ethical constraints To all segments of the Food and Beverage Industry 35 years of experience and expertise Comprehensive and Versatile How and Why? Mission Food Processing Maximize 16 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 17. Protect and Package Bulk Retail Raw materials Retrival and Storage Kinetics Reactions Microbial Enzymatic Bio-Chemistry Transport processes Heat transfer Mass transfer Momentum transfer Input Water Carbohydrates Proteins Fats and Oils Output Food product Safety Microbial Shelf life Nutrition Sensory aspects Return on Investment Food and Beverage Processing A generic outline the common basis 17 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 18. Cereals General Mills 130 MM Grassroots Arizona 35 MM Expansion Cedar Rapids 8 MM Addition Bugles / W. Chicago Granola Extruded corn @ F/L Rumbles Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Bakery: Experience by Industry Segments Selected examples Bakery 20 MM Artisan Bread 25 MM Duncan Hines Aurora foods /Fru-con 8 MM Gourmet Cake Refrigerated Dough Earthgrains Single serve cup cakes Sara lee / F-L Hot Pockets - Fruit 18 </li><li> 19. Bakery 19 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 20. Emulsified / Comminuted / Restructured meats Pizza toppings Doskocil foods Dim Sum items 3I 50 % TSP Simulates Steaks 3I Pet Foods - Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Meat: Experience by Industry Segments Selected examples Bulk Meat Kill floor design Hogs Freezer comparisons PSE reduction Drip loss Mathematical model Myosin Kinetics 20 </li><li> 21. X-101 Stun X-102 Position X-103 Stick X-104 Shackle X-105 Cold water dip X-106 Scald X-107 Dehair X-108 Gambril X-116 Head cut off X-115 Final wash X-114 Final shave Clip eye lids X-113 Hot water wash X-112 Singeing X-111 Toe-nails pinch off X-110 Manual shaving X-109 Cold water spray X-117 Open carcass X-118 Remove aitch bone X-119 Open breast bone X-120 Bung drop X-121 Eviscerate Lung, heart, liver,etc X-122 Eviscerate Thyroid X-123 Eviscerate Kidneys X-124 Eviscerate Split carcass X-132 Chilling X-131 Water spray X-130 Grading pH measure X-129 Scaling X-128 Washing Carcass / Neck X-127 Ham facing X-126 Leaf fat removal X-125 Trim Bruises and blemishes 102 From stunning 140 After leaf fat removal 138 From kidney Evisceration 134 To thyroid removal 136 To kidney removal 132 To evisceration 130 After aitch bone removal 143 To scale 146 To chilling 101 Hogs From supply pens 128 After head cut off X-133 Equilibration 147 To Equilibration 102 102 102 102 103 108 To Gambrieling 107 Hair and water 104 Fresh water 105 Scald Purge 109 Cold water supply 106 Hot water 140 F 110 111 Cold water discharge 112 115 To Singeing118 From Singeing 121 To final shave 126 From Final wash 123 To final wash 113 Shavings 114 Toe -Nails 117 Gas exhaust 116 Gas supply 119 Hot water 120 Hot water purge 122 Shavings 124 Hot water 125 Hot water purge 127 Cut Heads 129 Aitch bone 131 Bung 133 Liver, lung, heart etc. 135 Thyroid 137 Kidneys 139 Leaf fat 142 Wash water purge 145 Water discharge 141 Wash water 144 Water 148 To Fabrication 108 To Gambrieling 128 After opening carcass 130 To bung drop 138 To B&amp;B trim 138 From B&amp;B trim 140 After ham facing 143 From scale 143 To water spray Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Experience by Industry Segments Meat Abattoir Generic Flow Diagram 21 </li><li> 22. Consumer products Real cheese Edam / Gouda Cheese spreads Processed - American Non Dairy - Analogs Cream cheese Mozarella Processed American Soy cheese Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Dairy: Experience by Industry Segments Selected examples Commodities Milk proteins - Casein / Caseinates Non Fat Dry Milk Whey solids Soy proteins Isolates / Concentrates Enzyme Modified Cheese Yogurt 22 </li><li> 23. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 23 Dairy Stirred yogurt example Process improvement P&amp;F HX with corrugated tubes Source: Dairy Processing Handbook. Published by Tetra Pak Processing Systems AB, S-221 86 Lund, Sweden. pg. 249. </li><li> 24. Corrugated tube Double tube design </li><li> 25. Generic approach Assume pressure drop Derive Viscosity, Velocity, Shear profile Predict U, Derive T Vs length profile Pick L for T&lt; 100. Calculate Del P Iterate with new Del P Add Del P for elbows Summarize results 25 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Provide Insight Explore ideas Evaluate design alternatives Challenge: Temperature and Pressure profile Double, multi tube Corrugated or Spiral </li><li> 26. Indian / Oriental Dals / Sambhar Curries Veg. / Non- Vegetarian Dairy (Non too) sweet dishes Rabdi / Basundi / Ras-Malai Liquid pre-mixes Soups Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Expertise by Industry Segments Selected examples: Thermally Processed Foods Western Gravies Meat a food dishes / Pet Foods Dips - Cheese Salsa Soups with Particulates Fruit fillings Purees / Concentrates Pie fillings 26 </li><li> 27. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 Thaw Blend Heat Cool FillHold Soups, Gravy, etc.: Thermally Processed Food Generic Block Flow Diagram 27 </li><li> 28. Thermally Processed Foods Soup 28 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 29. Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 900029 Typical ingredients to consider: HFCS Liquid Sugar Base concentrate Fruit concentrates Mango, Guava, Banana, etc Proteins Gums and processing aids Spices Allergen containing Beads formulated additives Functional aids nutrition, specific health benefit Ethnic ingredients flavorings, etc. Physical properties: Density, Viscosity, Specific heat, thermal conductivity and surface tension Particle size and distribution Chemical properties: Reaction rate constants and Activation Energy Microbial properties: Ni, F0 , z, D TR for target organism / range. Above corresponding values for Enzymes. Example - Peroxidases, Pectin Galacto-Uranse for fruits and veggies, etc. And / or Reaction rate constants and Activation Energy Beverages Hot Fill, Chilled, Aseptic Ingredient properties of interest </li><li> 30. Beverages Conceptual PFD Bulk bottles to rinsing 30 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 31. Beverages Conceptual PFD Blend to thermal 31 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 T-2100 Pre-mix tank xx ft Dia X xx ft TT xx Gal. 316 SS T-103 Balance Tank xx ft Dia. X xx ft TT 316 SS T-2110 / 2120 Blend tank xx ft Dia. X xx ft TT xx Gal 316 SS P-2101 Pre- mix pump xx gpm @ xx TDH 316 SS P-2411 Balance tank pump xx gpm @ xx TDH 316 SS P-2130/2131 Blend pump xx gpm, xx TDH 316 SS E-201 Heater xx BTUH, xx Sq. ft. E-203 Divert cooler xx BTUH, xx Sq. ft. E-202 Trim cooler xx BTUH, xx Sq. ft. 223 Feed to hold tibe 222 Blend to Thermal 222 Blend to Thermal 224 Discharge from Trim cooler xx F 220 Blend xx GPM @ xx psi xx F 210 Premix xx GPM @ xx psi xx F 203 Bev Base 220 Blend 210 Premix E-202 RO water heater xx Sq. ft, xx BTUH 304 SS tube, CS shell 231 RO Water 230 230 HX - RO Water Recirculation loop xx GPM @ xx psi xx F P-23 294 PP-2411 Product feed pump 115 GPM @ 100 ft TDH T-2430 Filler supply tank 500 Gal. xx ft Dia X xx ft TT 316 SS PP-2434 Filler feed pump 105 GPM @ 35 ft 7.5 HP 225 Filler supply T-2431 Filler return tank 250 Gal. 316 SS E-97 252 Filler return to Divert cooler 251 Filler return xx GPM @ psi 178 F 221 Recycle xx GPM @ psi 90 F 225 Filler supply xx gpm @ xx psi xx F 202 Citric Acid 204 42 % Sucrose M-121 Pallet jack xx Tons A-2110/2120 Blend tank agitator xx rpm, xx hp M-2110/2120 BTA motor A-103 Blend tank agitator xx rpm, xx hp M-103 BT motor A-2100 Pre-mix tank agitator xx rpm, xx hp M-2100 PMT motor 201 Flavor Cloud xx lbs/hr xx F, 209 RO Water xx gpm @ xx psi xx F, 208 RO Water 205 55 % HFCS 206 RO Water xx GPM @ xx psi xx F, HP Stm. Xx psi Cond. return E-201 RO water pre heater xx Sq. ft, xx BTUH 304 SS tube, CS shell Stm. Xx psi Cond. Xx gpm xx F 207 RO Water xx gpm @ xx psi xx F, 291 293 295 CTR 290 CTS xx GPM @ xx psi 78 F 292 CTS </li><li> 32. Beverages Conceptual PFD Filling to bottle cooling 32 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 </li><li> 33. Beverages Conceptual PFD Labeling to Warehouse 33 Ashok Dhruv, LLC. (720) 318 - 9000 W-401 Shrink Wrapper Case Packer VarioPack or Hi-Cone L-401 A/C Labeller Case Former A-401 Labeled Bottles Accumulator xx ft X xx ft, xx min 304 SS P-401 Palletizer 412 Formed cases 404 Labeled bottles 403 Labeled bottles 402 Label roll P-52 406 Pallet...</li></ol>