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Introduction to Bhagavad-gita

Introduction to Bhagavad-gitaJan, 2013Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare HareHare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare HarePage 1 2012 Fair Isaac Corporation. Confidential. Mangalacharan Prayero ajna-timirndhasyajnjana-alkaycakur unmlita yenatasmai r-gurave nama

I was born in the darkest ignorance, and my spiritual master opened my eyes with the torch of knowledge. I offer my respectful obeisances unto him.Dedication

How to approach Bhagavad-gita?In spirit of devotion to the Supreme Lord With humility and submissivenessAs surrendered soulBest received in in parampara system disciplinic succession

Who spoke Bhagavad-gita?Lord Krsna spoke Bhagavad-gitaLord Krsna is regarded as the Supreme Personpara brahma para dhmapavitra parama bhavnpurua vata divyamdi-devam aja vibhumSupreme Personality of Godhead is the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth. He is eternal, transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. [BG 10.12]Purpose of Bhagavad-gitaDeliver mankind from the nescience of material existence.Teach us that our existence is eternal (sat) Teach us to not get entangled with temporary existence (asat).Come out of anxiety and sufferingReminds us the real purpose of life: Serve GodRelationships with LordPassive: A person recognizes that God is greatActive: Since God is great therefore must serve Him Serves the Lord in various degrees of intimacyFriend: Like ArjunaParent: Like Yashoda and Nanda MaharajConjugal lover: Like Radha and gopisFive basic truthsWho is God (Ishvara)?- God is the Supreme Controller, the Absolute TruthWhat is Living Entity (jiva)?- Jiva is the conditioned living entityWhat is Material Nature (Prakriti)?- two types: superior conscious and inferior separatedWhat is Time? - How living entities are controlled by time?What is Karma?- Activities of living entities.

Five basic truths - IshvaraLord Krsna is the Supreme Controller (Ishvara)- Eternal, Supremely conscious and unaffected by modes of natureEverything emanates from Him [BG 10.8]aha sarvasya prabhavo matta sarva pravartateiti matv bhajante m budh bhva-samanvitI am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.He controls the material nature.[BG 9.10]maydhyakea prakti syate sa-carcaramhetunnena kaunteya jagad viparivartateThis material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kunt, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.

Five basic truths - JivaJiva or living entity is part and parcel of God- Eternal, Conscious of own self and affected by modes of natureHas same qualities as God in minute quantities- Just like a drop (jiva) of ocean (Ishvara) Has limited free will and exploits the lower nature.- Thus Jiva is superior to lower nature however always under Lords control

Ishvara vs Jiva: whats common? Eternal na tv evha jtu nsa na tva neme jandhipna caiva na bhaviyma sarve vayam ata paramNever was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.[BG 2.12]Indestructible and unbornna jyate mriyate v kadcinnya bhtv bhavit v na bhyaajo nitya vato ya purona hanyate hanyamne arreFor the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.[BG 2.20]Ishvara vs JivaIshvara JivaVerseEternalEternal2.12Everything emanates from Him Part and parcel of Ishvara10.8Supreme ControllerMinute ControllerConscious of all bodies Conscious of own bodyIndestructible & unbornIndestructible & unborn2.21Has same transcendental bodyTake up different types of decaying body4.9

Remembers all birthsForgetful4.5Unaffected by workSuffers/Enjoys results of work4.14Not materially affectedMaterially affected9.10Five basic truths - PrakritiMaterial Nature or Prakriti is of two types: Inferior (apara): Separated material energiesEarth, water, re, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego all together these eight constitute Ishvaras separated material energies. [BG 7.4]Superior (para): Comprises of living entitiesExploit the resources of inferior nature. [BG 7.5]All created beings have their source in these two natures. [BG 7.6]Prakriti is eternal however is sometimes manifested sometimes un-manifested- Appears and disappears under the purview of time. Ishvara is cause of both the origin and the dissolution of material nature [BG 7.6].

Five basic truths - Prakritisattva rajas tama itigu prakti-sambhavnibadhnanti mah-bhodehe dehinam avyayamMaterial nature consists of three modes goodness, passion and ignorance. When the eternal living entity comes in contact with nature, O mighty-armed Arjuna, he becomes conditioned by these modes. [14.5]Goodness (satva): Conditions one to happinessPurer than the others, is illuminating, and it frees one from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode become conditioned by a sense of happiness and knowledge.[BG 14.6]. Passion (rajas): Conditions one to fruitive actionIs born of unlimited desires and longings, O son of Kunt, and because of this the embodied living entity is bound to material fruitive actions.[BG 14.7]. Ignorance (tamas): Covering ones knowledge, binds one to madness Born of ignorance, is the delusion of all embodied living entities. The results of this mode are madness, indolence and sleep, which bind the conditioned soul. [BG 14.8]

5 basic truths Kala and KarmaTime or Kala is eternalKarma are activities performed by a combination of the modes of material nature under purview of eternal time.We suffer or enjoy the results or fruits of our activitiesKarma is temporaryIts possible to change the results of Karma with perfect knowledgeJiva covered by false ego, intelligence and mind thinks himself as doer of activities and has false sense of enjoyment and suffering. Karma has reactions that bind the conditioned soul causing more fruitive actionsActivities we should adopt that will give us relief from the actions and reactions of all activities. That is explained in the Bhagavad-gita (Verses: 2.61, 2.71-72, 3.6-7, 3.9)

What is consciousness?The feeling of existence I am is consciousnessJivas consciousness gets materially affectedTwo types: Contaminated Consciousness: - I am the product of material nature. - I am the independent enjoyer and creator.Pure Consciousness: - I am spirit and NOT this material body- I am eternal part and parcel of Supreme Lord. - Naturally must act lovingly in accordance to Lords instructions. Advantage of Bhagavad-gitaBhagavad-gita teaches us how to purify our consciousness and get out of the chain of Karma by dovetailing our activities to the will of Ishvara.

We dont have to cease our activities, we have to purify it.

Bhakti is purified activity

Importance of human form of lifeThere are 8.4 million species of life formsHumans, unlike other species, is responsible for the results of his actions. Human life is meant to realize the aim of existence.Human life is meant to cross the ocean of material existenceHuman life is meant for inquiry unto the Absolute TruthHuman life to go back to Godhead as beyond the temporary material sky is an eternal spiritual sky

Lessons on improving behaviorBehaviorVerseLearn to tolerate2.14Engage in the discharge of duties allotted by Ka4.15In every endeavor be devoid of desire for sense gratication4.19Act only for the bare necessities of life4.21The Supreme Abodena tad bhsayate sryona ako na pvakayad gatv na nivartantetad dhma parama mama

That supreme abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by re or electricity. Those who reach it never return to this material world. [BG 15.6]How to reach the Supreme Abode?bhakty mm abhijntiyvn ya csmi tattvatatato m tattvato jtvviate tad-anantaramOne can understand Me as I am, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of Me by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God. [Bg 18.55]

Q & A True or False You simply go on remembering Me and give up your present occupational duty is said by Lord KrsnaConsciousness develops under certain circumstances of material combination.Authorities of Vedic knowledge have not accepted Sri Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead.In the Bhagavad-gita that impersonal Brahman is also subordinate to the complete person.We do not have to receive the knowledge from the right source in the disciplic succession of spiritual master beginning form the Lord Himself.The Lord being purnam or all-perfect, there is no chance of His becoming subjected to the laws of material nature.A man dies after it has not been decided what form of body he will have in the next life.Lord is absolute; there is no difference between His name and Himself.This material world is three fourths manifestation of the whole creation.All transcendentalists enter into the spiritual sky but only the devotees who have practiced personal touch with the Supreme lord enter into the Vaikuntha planets or Goloka Vrindavan planet.

Q & A Fill in the blanksThe Bhagavad-gita also should be taken or accepted as it is directed by the__________Himself.We should accept Sri__________as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and receive this Bhagavad-gita in a submissive spirit and aural reception.So the____________Lord is actually the creator and enjoyer.The whole____________knowledge is infallible.That is also not allowed, that we accept a certain portion of____________and reject another portion.

All Glories to Srila Prabhupada

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