Intelligent, Connected Cars Volkswagen’s Vision of the Future ?· Intelligent, Connected Cars Volkswagen’s…

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<ul><li><p>Group Research</p><p>Intelligent, Connected Cars Intelligent, Connected Cars </p><p>Volkswagens Vision of the FutureVolkswagens Vision of the Future</p><p>Dr. Markus Lienkamp Electronics and Vehicle Research</p></li><li><p>Slide 2Group Research</p><p>Global trendsGlobal trends</p><p>Advances in </p><p>electronics</p><p>Time is scarce</p><p>Ubiquitous broadband </p><p>communication</p><p>Oil is scarceSpace is scarce</p><p>Novel battery </p><p>technologies</p></li><li><p>Slide 3Group Research</p><p>Improving traffic efficiency</p><p>Providing up-to-date information services</p><p>Motivation for integrating communication into vehiclesMotivation for integrating communication into vehicles</p><p>Improving road safety</p></li><li><p>Slide 4Group Research</p><p>Road safetyRoad safety</p><p>Increasing need for security:</p><p>EU goal -50% fatalities</p><p>Driving experience shouldremain being joyful!</p><p>Fahrvergngen </p><p>0%</p><p>20%</p><p>40%</p><p>60%</p><p>80%</p><p>100%</p><p>120%</p><p>140%</p><p>1980</p><p>1981</p><p>1982</p><p>1983</p><p>1984</p><p>1985</p><p>1986</p><p>1987</p><p>1988</p><p>1989</p><p>1990</p><p>1991</p><p>1992</p><p>1993</p><p>1994</p><p>1995</p><p>1996</p><p>1997</p><p>1998</p><p>1999</p><p>2000</p><p>2001</p><p>2002</p><p>2003</p><p>Year</p><p>No</p><p>rmalis</p><p>ed</p><p> fata</p><p>liti</p><p>es (</p><p>19</p><p>80=</p><p>100%</p><p>)</p><p>cars</p><p>pedestrians</p><p>motorcycles</p><p>bicycles</p><p>others</p><p>Source: IRTAD</p></li><li><p>Slide 5Group Research</p><p>Source: G</p><p>dV, VW</p><p> Unfallforsch</p><p>ung</p><p>Sleep</p><p>Sleep</p><p>Sleep</p><p>Sleep</p><p>Inattention</p><p>Inattention</p><p>Inattention</p><p>Inattention</p><p>Medical ca</p><p>use</p><p>sM</p><p>edical ca</p><p>use</p><p>sM</p><p>edical ca</p><p>use</p><p>sM</p><p>edical ca</p><p>use</p><p>s</p><p>Car dynamics</p><p>Car dynamics</p><p>Car dynamics</p><p>Car dynamics</p><p>Weather</p><p>Weather</p><p>Weather</p><p>Weather</p><p>Prece</p><p>ding car</p><p>Prece</p><p>ding car</p><p>Prece</p><p>ding car</p><p>Prece</p><p>ding car</p><p>Lane keeping</p><p>Lane keeping</p><p>Lane keeping</p><p>Lane keeping</p><p>Static ca</p><p>rStatic ca</p><p>rStatic ca</p><p>rStatic ca</p><p>r</p><p>Pedestrians/</p><p>Pedestrians/</p><p>Pedestrians/</p><p>Pedestrians/</p><p>Anim</p><p>als</p><p>Anim</p><p>als</p><p>Anim</p><p>als</p><p>Anim</p><p>als</p><p>Acc</p><p>idents</p><p>Acc</p><p>idents</p><p>Acc</p><p>idents</p><p>Acc</p><p>idents</p><p>Others</p><p>Others</p><p>Others</p><p>Others</p><p>Tech</p><p>nology</p><p>Tech</p><p>nology</p><p>Tech</p><p>nology</p><p>Tech</p><p>nology</p><p>0</p><p>5</p><p>10</p><p>15</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>% Mental causesMental causesMental causesMental causes</p><p>38%38%38%38%</p><p>MisjudgementsMisjudgementsMisjudgementsMisjudgements</p><p>46%46%46%46%</p><p>UnexpectedUnexpectedUnexpectedUnexpected</p><p>behaviourbehaviourbehaviourbehaviour</p><p>11%11%11%11%</p><p>TechnologyTechnologyTechnologyTechnology</p><p>5%5%5%5%</p><p>Road safety: The driver as element of uncertaintyRoad safety: The driver as element of uncertainty</p><p>Causes of fatal accidentsCauses of fatal accidents</p></li><li><p>Slide 6Group Research</p><p>Car to X</p><p>Road safety potentialRoad safety potential</p><p>TodayTime</p><p>Pas</p><p>siv</p><p>e </p><p>safe</p><p>ty</p><p>Ac</p><p>tiv</p><p>e </p><p>safe</p><p>ty</p><p>Safety potential</p><p>ABS AirbagSeat belt</p><p>Car structure</p><p>Stiff passenger compartment </p><p>Brake assistant</p><p>ESPDriver assistant</p><p>Car assistant</p><p>Pre-crashSide Assist</p><p>Front Assist</p><p>Pyro Brake</p><p>Car-to-car com.</p></li><li><p>Slide 7Group Research</p><p>Road safety: Guardian angelRoad safety: Guardian angel</p><p>Handling like a skilled driver</p><p>Seeing like an alert human</p><p>Driving like a trained driver</p><p>Acting like an experienced human</p><p>and every-thing safely</p></li><li><p>Slide 8Group Research</p><p>Actuators: Handling like a skilled driverActuators: Handling like a skilled driver</p><p>Electromechanicalsteering</p><p>DSG transmission</p><p>Electronicaccelerator</p></li><li><p>Slide 9Group Research</p><p>Short-distance radar</p><p>Back video camera</p><p>Interior sensor</p><p>Ultrasonic</p><p>sensorsFront video camera</p><p>Multi-beam laser</p><p>Infrared camera</p><p>Long-distance radar</p><p>Sensors: Seeing like an alert humanSensors: Seeing like an alert human</p></li><li><p>Slide 10Group Research</p><p>Sensors: Seeing like an alert human Sensors: Seeing like an alert human </p></li><li><p>Slide 11Group Research</p><p>Vehicle dynamics: Driving like a trained driverVehicle dynamics: Driving like a trained driver</p></li><li><p>Slide 12Group Research</p><p>Intelligence: Acting like an experienced humanIntelligence: Acting like an experienced human</p><p>Test A</p></li><li><p>Slide 13Group Research</p><p>Golf 53 </p><p>Intelligent Car</p><p>Intelligent</p><p>Junior</p><p>Technology box: Components enabling safetyTechnology box: Components enabling safety</p><p>Driving at the limit Driving in unknown territory Driving according to traffic rules</p><p> Detection of situations Driving strategy Safety Environment sensing Positioning Path planning</p><p>Stanley</p><p> Environment sensing Positioning</p><p> Path planning</p><p> Positioning Speed-optimised trajectory</p></li><li><p>Slide 14Group Research</p><p>PLATZHALTER BILD</p><p>BILD</p><p>Lane keeping</p><p>Clear drive and tracking</p><p>Driving in traffic congestion </p><p>(stop &amp; go)</p><p>Lange changing and</p><p>overtaking manoeuvre </p><p>(driver approved)</p><p>And everything safely: Automatic driving functionalities in iCar: Automatic driving functionalities in iCar</p></li><li><p>Slide 15Group Research</p><p>LightLight Driver informationDriver information</p><p>AWVAWV</p><p>SWASWA</p><p>LDWLDW</p><p>AFSAFS</p><p>Park AssistPark Assist</p><p>Longitudinal guidance</p><p>Longitudinal guidance</p><p>ACCACC</p><p>Latitudinalguidance</p><p>Latitudinalguidance</p><p>Parking assistance</p><p>Parking assistance</p><p>Swivelling headlightSwivelling headlight</p><p>ACC F2SACC F2S</p><p>Back video cameraBack video camera</p><p>Which systems does Volkswagen offer today?Which systems does Volkswagen offer today?</p></li><li><p>Slide 16Group Research</p><p>An example:An example:</p></li><li><p>Slide 17Group Research</p><p> Extension of driver horizon by radio communication</p><p> Short latency in information dissemination</p><p> Reduced driver response time in dangerous situations</p><p>sensorsas good as the driver</p><p>communicationbetter than the driver</p><p>CarCar--toto--car communication:car communication: Extension of vehicle sensorsExtension of vehicle sensors</p></li><li><p>Slide 18Group Research</p><p>rbind</p><p>Increasing the effective range: "CarIncreasing the effective range: "Car--toto--X"X"</p><p>Sensors</p><p>Communication technology / GPS</p></li><li><p>Slide 19Group Research</p><p>Improving traffic safetyImproving traffic safety</p></li><li><p>Slide 20Group Research</p><p>Bad visibility Road works</p><p>Warning of disregarded traffic signsInformation from an ambulance</p><p>Improving traffic safety: Warnings and driver assistanceImproving traffic safety: Warnings and driver assistance</p></li><li><p>Slide 21Group Research</p><p>Improving traffic efficiency</p><p>Providing up-to-date information services</p><p>Motivation for integrating communication into vehiclesMotivation for integrating communication into vehicles</p><p>Improving road safety</p></li><li><p>Slide 22Group Research</p><p>Traffic congestion:</p><p>time and desire for in-vehicle </p><p>entertainment grows</p><p>Challenges for society: Traffic volume increases substantiallyChallenges for society: Traffic volume increases substantially</p><p>Scenario VW 2002-2020Passenger transportation: + 20% </p><p>Freight transportation: + 34 % </p><p>A2</p><p>+ 125%</p><p>Lorries</p><p>A6</p><p>+ 181%</p><p>Lorries</p></li><li><p>Slide 23Group Research</p><p>Current features of RNS 510:</p><p>Navigation systems today and tomorrowNavigation systems today and tomorrow</p><p>Reliable and efficient </p><p>guidance to every destination</p><p>Touch screen</p><p>Up-to-date traffic information </p><p>via RDS / TMC</p><p>Import of music from PC via </p><p>SD card</p><p>Sophisticated help system </p><p>with avatar Carla </p><p>Wireless operation of mobile</p><p>Future connected navigation systems:</p><p>Receive information from many </p><p>cars out of the vicinity to avoid and prevent traffic congestion</p><p>Improve routing by highly </p><p>dynamic and detailed traffic </p><p>information</p><p>Combine navigation with POIs </p><p>and events dynamically from the </p><p>Internet</p><p>Act also as up-to-date travel </p><p>guide and shopping assistant</p><p>Provide a ubiquitous help </p><p>system with connection to VW </p><p>and the Internet</p></li><li><p>Slide 24Group Research</p><p>Increase of traffic efficiency:Increase of traffic efficiency: Example traffic light assistantExample traffic light assistant</p><p> Car-to-traffic-light communication to inform </p><p>drivers</p><p> Optimal speed to encounter phased traffic lights</p><p> Phase optimization of traffic lights by car </p><p>information</p></li><li><p>Slide 25Group Research</p><p>Increase of traffic efficiency:Increase of traffic efficiency: Example Traffic GuardExample Traffic Guard</p><p>Analysis of oncoming traffic</p><p>- traffic density </p><p>- velocity</p><p>Traffic management centre</p><p>- static information (speed limits) </p><p>- road works information</p><p>Vehicle sensors (FCD)</p><p>- position, course</p><p>- distance, velocity</p><p>Communication nodes (RSU)</p><p>- application for analysis </p><p>- dissemination of information</p><p>Truck laser scanner</p><p>- alignment, </p><p>- lateral Profile</p></li><li><p>Slide 26Group Research</p><p>Traffic Guard: Information processingTraffic Guard: Information processing</p><p>Recording of own sensor data </p><p>Vehicle at end of section</p><p>Vehicle tour through road works</p><p>Evaluation of </p><p>- road path (GPS) </p><p>- number of lanes (GPS) - traffic situation (speed) </p><p>Data analysis in outflow-RSU</p><p>RSUCommunication outflow-RSU</p><p>TCP/IP</p><p>RSU</p><p>Inflow-RSU</p><p>Aggregated </p><p>information</p><p>Pre-adjustment of traffic-optimised ACC</p><p>Display of precise </p><p>information to driver</p><p>Vehicle at start of section</p><p>Broadcast</p><p>Communication inflow-RSU</p><p>RSU connection</p></li><li><p>Slide 27Group Research</p><p>Traffic Guard: Information usage in the vehicle Traffic Guard: Information usage in the vehicle </p><p>A) Traffic-optimised driving behaviour</p><p> Driving recommendation for driver or</p><p> Modification of ACC</p><p>B) Driver information</p><p> Displaying road geometry and traffic speed</p><p>1 Introduction 2 The Traffic Guard 3 SummaryConcept Functionality Results</p></li><li><p>Slide 28Group Research</p><p>Avoidance of congestion by carAvoidance of congestion by car--toto--x communicationx communication</p></li><li><p>Slide 29Group Research</p><p>Tim</p><p>e</p><p>Location LocationLocation</p><p>Empirical data (30.10.07)</p><p> Traffic congestion</p><p>Reproduction in simulation</p><p> Same traffic patterns</p><p> Penetration rate: </p><p>0 % Traffic Guard</p><p>Simulation of traffic guard</p><p> Same traffic patterns</p><p> Penetration rate: </p><p>10 % Traffic Guard</p><p>Traffic Guard: Impact on traffic efficiencyTraffic Guard: Impact on traffic efficiency</p><p>1 Introduction 2 The Traffic Guard 3 SummaryConcept Functionality Results</p><p>Significant reduction of traffic congestion!</p></li><li><p>Slide 30Group Research</p><p>Improving traffic efficiency</p><p>Providing up-to-date information services</p><p>Motivation for integrating communication into vehiclesMotivation for integrating communication into vehicles</p><p>Improving road safety</p></li><li><p>Slide 31Group Research</p><p>Trafficinformation</p><p>Fuel</p><p>prices</p><p>Time tables</p><p>Restaurantsand hotels</p><p>Touristinformation</p><p>Currentevents</p><p>Integration of online Internet servicesIntegration of online Internet services</p></li><li><p>Slide 32Group Research</p><p>auto@webauto@web</p><p>Drivers of an auto@web car can use their </p><p>navigation system to </p><p> explore the map for interesting locations</p><p>regarding travel, city life and leisure</p><p> search the Internet for destinations</p><p> retrieve highly current information about event </p><p>venues and free park spaces</p><p> listen to and rate online music and podcasts from </p><p>the portal</p></li><li><p>Slide 33Group Research</p><p>Standardization is the enabler of cooperationStandardization is the enabler of cooperation</p><p>The minimum penetration rate for most safety applications is not achievable even for a large volume manufacturer</p><p>The quality of car-to-car applications increases with higher penetration rate</p><p>Cooperating vehicles must communicate in the same language</p><p>Freight is global, people are global, Volkswagen is global</p><p>Proliferation of different standards increases time-to-market and costs</p><p>Lets produce global ITS standards for a global world!</p></li><li><p>Slide 34Group Research</p><p>C2C-CC working documents ISO CALM standards</p><p>IEEE 802.11p + 1609.X standards</p><p>Harmonization of worldHarmonization of world--wide ITS standardswide ITS standards</p><p>Security</p><p>ITS Station Reference Architecture</p><p>Access Technologies</p><p>Networking &amp; Transport</p><p>Facilities</p><p>Applications</p><p>Manag</p><p>em</p><p>ent</p><p>Security</p><p>ITS Station Reference Architecture</p><p>Access Technologies</p><p>Networking &amp; Transport</p><p>Facilities</p><p>Applications</p><p>Manag</p><p>em</p><p>ent</p></li><li><p>Slide 35Group Research</p><p>Securi</p><p>ty</p><p>ITS Station Reference Architecture</p><p>Access Technologies</p><p>Networking &amp; Transport</p><p>Facilities</p><p>ApplicationsM</p><p>an</p><p>ag</p><p>em</p><p>en</p><p>t</p><p>ITS Station Reference Architecture: ITS Station Reference Architecture: </p><p>Alphabet for a common ITS languageAlphabet for a common ITS language</p></li><li><p>Group Research</p><p>Somebody sent me a text </p><p>What did he write?</p><p>Drive, fool!Its green!</p><p>Thank you!Thank you!</p></li></ul>