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  • Group Research

    Intelligent, Connected Cars Intelligent, Connected Cars

    Volkswagens Vision of the FutureVolkswagens Vision of the Future

    Dr. Markus Lienkamp Electronics and Vehicle Research

  • Slide 2Group Research

    Global trendsGlobal trends

    Advances in

    electronics

    Time is scarce

    Ubiquitous broadband

    communication

    Oil is scarceSpace is scarce

    Novel battery

    technologies

  • Slide 3Group Research

    Improving traffic efficiency

    Providing up-to-date information services

    Motivation for integrating communication into vehiclesMotivation for integrating communication into vehicles

    Improving road safety

  • Slide 4Group Research

    Road safetyRoad safety

    Increasing need for security:

    EU goal -50% fatalities

    Driving experience shouldremain being joyful!

    Fahrvergngen

    0%

    20%

    40%

    60%

    80%

    100%

    120%

    140%

    1980

    1981

    1982

    1983

    1984

    1985

    1986

    1987

    1988

    1989

    1990

    1991

    1992

    1993

    1994

    1995

    1996

    1997

    1998

    1999

    2000

    2001

    2002

    2003

    Year

    No

    rmalis

    ed

    fata

    liti

    es (

    19

    80=

    100%

    )

    cars

    pedestrians

    motorcycles

    bicycles

    others

    Source: IRTAD

  • Slide 5Group Research

    Source: G

    dV, VW

    Unfallforsch

    ung

    Sleep

    Sleep

    Sleep

    Sleep

    Inattention

    Inattention

    Inattention

    Inattention

    Medical ca

    use

    sM

    edical ca

    use

    sM

    edical ca

    use

    sM

    edical ca

    use

    s

    Car dynamics

    Car dynamics

    Car dynamics

    Car dynamics

    Weather

    Weather

    Weather

    Weather

    Prece

    ding car

    Prece

    ding car

    Prece

    ding car

    Prece

    ding car

    Lane keeping

    Lane keeping

    Lane keeping

    Lane keeping

    Static ca

    rStatic ca

    rStatic ca

    rStatic ca

    r

    Pedestrians/

    Pedestrians/

    Pedestrians/

    Pedestrians/

    Anim

    als

    Anim

    als

    Anim

    als

    Anim

    als

    Acc

    idents

    Acc

    idents

    Acc

    idents

    Acc

    idents

    Others

    Others

    Others

    Others

    Tech

    nology

    Tech

    nology

    Tech

    nology

    Tech

    nology

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    % Mental causesMental causesMental causesMental causes

    38%38%38%38%

    MisjudgementsMisjudgementsMisjudgementsMisjudgements

    46%46%46%46%

    UnexpectedUnexpectedUnexpectedUnexpected

    behaviourbehaviourbehaviourbehaviour

    11%11%11%11%

    TechnologyTechnologyTechnologyTechnology

    5%5%5%5%

    Road safety: The driver as element of uncertaintyRoad safety: The driver as element of uncertainty

    Causes of fatal accidentsCauses of fatal accidents

  • Slide 6Group Research

    Car to X

    Road safety potentialRoad safety potential

    TodayTime

    Pas

    siv

    e

    safe

    ty

    Ac

    tiv

    e

    safe

    ty

    Safety potential

    ABS AirbagSeat belt

    Car structure

    Stiff passenger compartment

    Brake assistant

    ESPDriver assistant

    Car assistant

    Pre-crashSide Assist

    Front Assist

    Pyro Brake

    Car-to-car com.

  • Slide 7Group Research

    Road safety: Guardian angelRoad safety: Guardian angel

    Handling like a skilled driver

    Seeing like an alert human

    Driving like a trained driver

    Acting like an experienced human

    and every-thing safely

  • Slide 8Group Research

    Actuators: Handling like a skilled driverActuators: Handling like a skilled driver

    Electromechanicalsteering

    DSG transmission

    Electronicaccelerator

  • Slide 9Group Research

    Short-distance radar

    Back video camera

    Interior sensor

    Ultrasonic

    sensorsFront video camera

    Multi-beam laser

    Infrared camera

    Long-distance radar

    Sensors: Seeing like an alert humanSensors: Seeing like an alert human

  • Slide 10Group Research

    Sensors: Seeing like an alert human Sensors: Seeing like an alert human

  • Slide 11Group Research

    Vehicle dynamics: Driving like a trained driverVehicle dynamics: Driving like a trained driver

  • Slide 12Group Research

    Intelligence: Acting like an experienced humanIntelligence: Acting like an experienced human

    Test A

  • Slide 13Group Research

    Golf 53

    Intelligent Car

    Intelligent

    Junior

    Technology box: Components enabling safetyTechnology box: Components enabling safety

    Driving at the limit Driving in unknown territory Driving according to traffic rules

    Detection of situations Driving strategy Safety Environment sensing Positioning Path planning

    Stanley

    Environment sensing Positioning

    Path planning

    Positioning Speed-optimised trajectory

  • Slide 14Group Research

    PLATZHALTER BILD

    BILD

    Lane keeping

    Clear drive and tracking

    Driving in traffic congestion

    (stop & go)

    Lange changing and

    overtaking manoeuvre

    (driver approved)

    And everything safely: Automatic driving functionalities in iCar: Automatic driving functionalities in iCar

  • Slide 15Group Research

    LightLight Driver informationDriver information

    AWVAWV

    SWASWA

    LDWLDW

    AFSAFS

    Park AssistPark Assist

    Longitudinal guidance

    Longitudinal guidance

    ACCACC

    Latitudinalguidance

    Latitudinalguidance

    Parking assistance

    Parking assistance

    Swivelling headlightSwivelling headlight

    ACC F2SACC F2S

    Back video cameraBack video camera

    Which systems does Volkswagen offer today?Which systems does Volkswagen offer today?

  • Slide 16Group Research

    An example:An example:

  • Slide 17Group Research

    Extension of driver horizon by radio communication

    Short latency in information dissemination

    Reduced driver response time in dangerous situations

    sensorsas good as the driver

    communicationbetter than the driver

    CarCar--toto--car communication:car communication: Extension of vehicle sensorsExtension of vehicle sensors

  • Slide 18Group Research

    rbind

    Increasing the effective range: "CarIncreasing the effective range: "Car--toto--X"X"

    Sensors

    Communication technology / GPS

  • Slide 19Group Research

    Improving traffic safetyImproving traffic safety

  • Slide 20Group Research

    Bad visibility Road works

    Warning of disregarded traffic signsInformation from an ambulance

    Improving traffic safety: Warnings and driver assistanceImproving traffic safety: Warnings and driver assistance

  • Slide 21Group Research

    Improving traffic efficiency

    Providing up-to-date information services

    Motivation for integrating communication into vehiclesMotivation for integrating communication into vehicles

    Improving road safety

  • Slide 22Group Research

    Traffic congestion:

    time and desire for in-vehicle

    entertainment grows

    Challenges for society: Traffic volume increases substantiallyChallenges for society: Traffic volume increases substantially

    Scenario VW 2002-2020Passenger transportation: + 20%

    Freight transportation: + 34 %

    A2

    + 125%

    Lorries

    A6

    + 181%

    Lorries

  • Slide 23Group Research

    Current features of RNS 510:

    Navigation systems today and tomorrowNavigation systems today and tomorrow

    Reliable and efficient

    guidance to every destination

    Touch screen

    Up-to-date traffic information

    via RDS / TMC

    Import of music from PC via

    SD card

    Sophisticated help system

    with avatar Carla

    Wireless operation of mobile

    Future connected navigation systems:

    Receive information from many

    cars out of the vicinity to avoid and prevent traffic congestion

    Improve routing by highly

    dynamic and detailed traffic

    information

    Combine navigation with POIs

    and events dynamically from the

    Internet

    Act also as up-to-date travel

    guide and shopping assistant

    Provide a ubiquitous help

    system with connection to VW

    and the Internet

  • Slide 24Group Research

    Increase of traffic efficiency:Increase of traffic efficiency: Example traffic light assistantExample traffic light assistant

    Car-to-traffic-light communication to inform

    drivers

    Optimal speed to encounter phased traffic lights

    Phase optimization of traffic lights by car

    information

  • Slide 25Group Research

    Increase of traffic efficiency:Increase of traffic efficiency: Example Traffic GuardExample Traffic Guard

    Analysis of oncoming traffic

    - traffic density

    - velocity

    Traffic management centre

    - static information (speed limits)

    - road works information

    Vehicle sensors (FCD)

    - position, course

    - distance, velocity

    Communication nodes (RSU)

    - application for analysis

    - dissemination of information

    Truck laser scanner

    - alignment,

    - lateral Profile

  • Slide 26Group Research

    Traffic Guard: Information processingTraffic Guard: Information processing

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