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  • Integrated Global Census Microdata WorkshopIntegrated Global Census Microdata Workshop Durban, South Africa, 16th August 2009

    COUNTRY REPORTCOUNTRY REPORT

    MONGOLIAMONGOLIA

    B. Tserenkhand Head, Data Processing and Technology

    Department, NSO of Mongolia

  • Content • History of Population censuses of

    Mongolia • Census Documentation Entrusted to

    the IPUMS • Samples Population census data

    • Population and Housing Census-2000 • Population and Housing Census -1989

    • New Plan to cooperate with IPUMS

  • HISTORY OF MONGOLIAN POPULATION CENSUSES

    647.5

    738.2

    759

    845.4

    1017.1

    1197.5

    1595

    2043.9

    2373.5

    1918

    1935

    1944

    1956

    1963

    1969

    1979

    1989

    2000

    2010

    Census Population, thousand

    Next Census

    12  percent

    10 percent

    20 percent

  • 4

    HISTORY OF MONGOLIAN POPULATION CENSUSES

    •1969, 1979 and 1989 censuses were developed in accordance with methodologies recommended by Commission of Economic Mutual Assistance for socialist countries. Main features of these censuses:

    • Population censuses and housing censuses were conducted together

    • UN recommendation on periodicity

  • MONGOLIAN POPULATION IN XX  CENTURY

    2003

    Included nine population censuses

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    Ì Î Í ÃÎ Ë ÓËÑ YÍ ÄÝÑÍ ÈÉ ÑÒÀÒÈÑÒÈÊÈÉÍ ÃÀÇÀÐ

    Ì Î Í ÃÎ Ë ÓËÑ YÍ ÄÝÑÍ ÈÉ ÑÒÀÒÈÑÒÈÊÈÉÍ ÃÀÇÀÐ

    Óë ààí áààòàð õî ò, 2003 î í Ulaanbaatar, 2003.

    Na tiona l Sta tistica l Office of Mongolia

    Mongolia n Popula tion in XX century Mongolia n Popula tion in XX century

    Development of Mongolian population, its growth and age composition over the last

    century.

  • • Census questionnaires for 1989 and 2000  censuses 

    • Data dictionaries and classifications and code  books

    • Census enumerator manual and coding  instructions 

    • Documentation on data processing/editing • Technical reports

    Census Microdata Initiatives and Census Documentation

  • Contents of census microdata files entrusted to IPUMS

    Social and demographic characteristics Geographical and migration

    characteristics Educational characteristics Economic characteristics Dwelling characteristics Building characteristics

  • Census microdata, availability and  accessibility

    2000 population and housing census data available

    1989 census data (10 %) partially available

    1956 census data (20%) will be recovered

  • • Harmonization 1989 and 2000 censuses • 2000 census differ from 1989:

    • Migration issues • Economic activity

    • Definition • Classification

    Harmonization

  • Documentation, archiving, and preservation of  survey and census microdata

    • Current practices in Mongolia: – Documented the following censuses and surveys : ‐ Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2000, 2005 ‐ Population and Housing Census (PHC) 1989, 2000

    ‐ Reproductive Health Survey (RHS) 1998, 2003,2008

    ‐ Labour Force Survey (LFS) 2002‐2003, 2006‐2007

    ‐ Household Income and Expenditure Survey/Living Standards  Measurement Survey (HIES‐LSMS) 2002‐2003

    ‐ Disabled Persone One‐Time Registration and Survey (DPOTRS)  2004

  • Documentation, archiving, and preservation of  survey and census microdata

    – The IHSN metadata catalogue application known as  NADA (National Data Archive) was established on the  NSO website: ‐ http://www.statis.mn/nada ‐ in English

    ‐ http://www.statis.mn/nadamn ‐ in Mongolian

  • Establishment of 1989 Population and Housing census microdata set • Census questionnaire hard copies from

    the National Archive • No electronic dataset, unable to separate

    the 1989 PHC as soum centers and rural area

    • To sort out all census questionnaires by administrative units and recode according to the 2000 census classifications

  • Establishment of 1989 Population and Housing census microdata set • To determine number of households of

    each soum • To harmonize concept and definitions • Recoding • Develop new software for data entry • Training for data entry staff • Data entry • Documentations

  • Census publications The 2000 Population and Housing Census results:

    for analysis of socio-demographic, some economic and ethnic characteristics as well

    as housing

    for development, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programs

    for population projections, analyses of trends

  • Preliminary Results of Preliminary Results of the Census the Census

    (in Mongolian and (in Mongolian and English)English)

    (April, 2000)(April, 2000)

    The Census Preliminary Results included:

    Total population, number of households Population growth Age and sex Census organization Census concepts and definitions

  • The 2000 Census Administrative The 2000 Census Administrative ReportReport

    Volume 1

    (in Mongolian and English, Dec 2000)

    Record of the experiences accumulated during the 2000 Population and Housing Census

    Serves as key reference in confronting and resolving issues in organizing and conducting subsequent censuses

    Provides all technical and logistics information on the census for the experts

    This Report included:

  • The Main Results of the 2000 Population and Housing Census

    (in Mongolian and English, 2001)

    Population size and growth Residency Demographic characteristics Ethnicity Internal migration, urbanization Education Economic activity Households, living quarters and housing

    facilities

    Main results also published by each provinces. The content:

  • – Gender in Mongolia, 2002 – Housing,  2001 – Internal Migration and Urbanization, 2002 – Population projections, 2002 – Economic Activity, 2001 – Nuptiality Patterns in Mongolia, 2002 – Education and Literacy,  2002 – Older Population in Mongolia, 2002  – Youth, 2002 All monographs in Mongolian and English

    Thematic Monographs based on 2000 census data:

  • • 20 percent sample of total household data 1956 census

    • 9 months will be required. • Planned period for this exercise: November 2010

    – August 2011 • Materials of 170 thousand persons will be sorted

    out. • The comparability of data with other censuses will

    be ensured.

    New Plan to cooperate with IPUMS: Establishing  microdata set for 1956 population census

  • New Plan to cooperate with IPUMS: Establishing  microdata set from 1956 population census

    • A contract with the National Archive Office to obtain a permission to use the census materials;

    • Selection of operators for recoding and data entry and conduct trainings;

    • Recruitment of a programmer and data processing staff; • A contract with a translator; • Arrangement of the questionnaires of the 1956 Census

    according administrative classifications of the capital city, aimag, and soum, and determination of number of households by each soum;

    • Sampling from archive materials; • Extract sampled household and individual questionnaires to

    make them available at the NSO; • Setting up a system for re-coding the questionnaires;

  • Establishing microdata set, 1956  • Development and testing of software for data entry,

    verification, and processing; • All indicators except for age and sex will be recoded; • Supplement of GIS coding; • Data entry and re-entry, verification, and processing of

    sampled HH and individuals forms; • Submission of the files aggregated, along with other

    supporting materials to the IPUMS; • Return the census materials to the National Archive.

  • Importance of the Integrated Global  Census Microdata Initiatives

    Global use of valuable data on the census; Creation of microdata sets of several censuses Confident and safe storage of them; Prevention of census data from any loss and eradication due to unprecedented situations; Study and experiences/practices sharing to establish and utilize integrated census database;

  • Thank you for your attentionThank you for your attention

    http://www.nso.mn

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