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National symbolsRelated LinksIntroductionHistoryPartitionCelebrationsFlag HoistingOther ProgramsNational AnthemNational PledgeNational SongNational symbolsPatriotic PoemsPatriotic SongsQuotes about IndiaProud to be IndianImportant EventsvideosNational Emblem

The National Emblem of India is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. Four Lions in standing position (one hidden from view) on a base having Dharma Chakra at the center, a bull on the right and a horse on the left.

The words 'Satyameva jayate' in devanagri script are inscribed at the bottom meaning truth alone triumphs. The National emblem is a symbol of contemporary India's reaffirmation of its commitment to world peace and goodwill.

National Calendar

The national calendar of India was adopted on March 22nd 1957. The calendar is based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and Phalgun as the last month. The year comprises of 12 months and 365 days. The national Calendar of India is used along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes-

* Gazette of India. * news broadcast by All India Radio. * calendars issued by the Government of India. * Government communications addressed to the members of the public.

National AnimalTigerNational FlowerLotusNational FruitMangoNational TreeBanyan TreeNational Game HockeyNational BirdPea

The National PledgeRelated LinksIntroductionHistoryPartitionCelebrationsFlag HoistingOther ProgramsNational AnthemNational PledgeNational SongNational symbolsPatriotic PoemsPatriotic SongsQuotes about IndiaProud to be IndianImportant EventsvideosOne of the common activities performed during Independence Day celebrations is the recitation of National Pledge in a fixed specific manner.

The National Pledge is recited in a loud voice in unison by standing straight and stretching right hand forward.

Many Indian schools include national pledge as a part of daily morning assemblies and essentially also included in the observance ceremonies for Independence Day and Republic Day.

Pledge

India is my country.All Indians are my brothers and sisters.I love my country.I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.I shall always strive to be worthy of it.I shall give my parents, teachers and all elders, respect, and treat everyone with courtesy.To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion.In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness.Flag HoistingRelated LinksIntroductionHistoryPartitionCelebrationsFlag HoistingOther ProgramsNational AnthemNational PledgeNational SongNational symbolsPatriotic PoemsPatriotic SongsQuotes about IndiaProud to be IndianImportant EventsvideosUnder this flag, there is no difference between a prince and a peasant, between the rich and the poor, between man and women."

-- Mrs. Sarojini Naidu

Preamble of the Flag Code of India says that:

The significance of the colours and the chakra in the National Flag was amply described by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan in the Constituent Assembly which unanimously adopted the National Flag. Dr. S. Radhakrishnan explained - "Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work."

"The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct."

"The green shows our relation to soil, our relation to the plant life here on which all other life depends."

"The Ashoka Wheel in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principles of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."

On 15 August 1947 India and Pakistan were created. India adopted the tricolour of orange, white, and green with a blue Ashoka Chakra at the centre. Unofficially this tricolour had been the flag of the Indian National Congress. The orange colour represented Hinduism, the green colour - Islam and the white colour represented peace. There was a blue spinning wheel in the centre, which represented Gandhiji's call for economic self-sufficiency through hand spinning.

Prime Minister of India hoists the flag and pays his homage to the freedom fighters and addresses the Nation. Children are brimming with enthusiasm on this day. Early in the morning, they attend the flag hoisting ceremony in their schools. They sing patriotic songs and present skits and dramas based on the freedom struggle.

This special day revives in us the nationalist spirit. There are celebrations all over the country. We listen to patriotic songs, and there are assemblies all over to salute the national flag. People watch the colourful march-past of the local police or the military forces. In educational institutions, the march-past is usually done by students and the National Cadet Corps (NCC) cadets. Sweets are distributed and free movie shows featuring Nationalistic and Patrotic movies are shown.

Independence Day (India)From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

"Fifteenth of August" redirects here. For other uses, see August 15.Independence Day of India

The national flag of India hoisted on the Red Fort in Delhi; hoisted flag is a common sight on public and private buildings on this national holiday.Official nameIndependence Day of IndiaObserved byIndiaTypeNational holidayDate15 AugustCelebrationsFlag hoisting, parades, singing patriotic songs, speech by the Prime Minister, kite flying, singing the national anthem

The Independence Day of India, celebrated on 15 August, is a holiday commemorating India's independence from the British rule and its birth as a sovereign nation on 15 August 1947. India achieved independence following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress. The independence coincided with the partition of India wherein the British Indian Empire was divided along religious lines into two new nationsDominion of India (later Republic of India) and Dominion of Pakistan (later Islamic Republic of Pakistan); the partition was stricken with violent communal riots.

The Independence Day is a national holiday in India. The flagship event takes place in Delhi where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort, followed by a nationally broadcast speech from its ramparts. The day is observed all over India with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. Citizens rejoice the day by displaying the national flag on their attire, household accessories, vehicles; varied activities such as kite flying, bonding with family and friends, and enjoying patriotic songs and films are seen.

Security concerns over militant attacks and sporadic calls for boycotting the celebration by separatist outfits occasionally limit the celebration in some places. Some organisations have carried out terrorist attacks on and around 15 August, and others have declared bandh and used black flags to boycott the celebration. Several books and films feature the independence and partition as pivotal events in their narrative.Contents [hide] 1 History 1.1 Immediate background1.2 Partition and independence2 Celebration3 Security threats4 In popular culture5 See also6 References 6.1 Notes6.2 Citations7 External links

[edit]HistoryMain article: Indian independence movement

The present-day India was a part of the British Indian Empire. Although the British East India Company started trading in India in the seventeenth century, Company rule in India started from 1757 after the Company's victory in the Battle of Plassey. In 1858, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India. The period after World War I was marked by British reforms but also repressive legislation, by more strident Indian calls for self-rule, and by the beginnings of a non-violent movement of non-cooperation and civil disobedience, of which Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi would become the leader and enduring symbol.[1]:167 During the 1930s, slow legislative reform was enacted by the British; the Indian National Congress won victories in the resulting elections.[1]:195197 The next decade was beset with crises: Indian participation in World War II, the Congress's final push for non-cooperation, and an upsurge of Muslim nationalism led by the All-India Muslim League. All were capped by the advent of independence in 1947, but tempered by the bloody partition of the subcontinent into two states: India and Pakistan.[1]:203[edit]Immediate background A file photo of the Indian Independence Day at the Red Fort on 15 August 1947. Front page of The Times of India on 15 August 1947, carrying news reports on the first Independence Day.

In 1946, the Labour government in Britain, its exchequer exhausted by the recently concluded World War II, and conscious that it had neither the mandate at home, the international support, nor the reliability of native forces for continuing to control an increasingly restless India,[1]:203[2][3][4] decided to end British rule of India. In February 1947, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948 at the latest.[5] With the British army unprepared for the potential for increased violence, the new viceroy, Louis Mountbatten, advanced the date for the transfer of power, allowing less than seven months for a mutually agreed plan for independence.

The British government ann