impressionism: famous impressionist painters and masterpieces

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IMPRESSIONISMIn painting . History . Characteristic . Painters .

Impressionism can be considered the first distinctly modern movement in paintingA New Movementrebel artists of the 1870s refused to conform to the rigid academic standards of paintingtheir work was not accepted at Paris' sole art exhibition, the Salonso, they struck out on their own andstarted a new movement in the art world

Art critic Louis Leroy came up with the name 'Impressionist'critiquing the 1874 exhibit, he remarked that the artists' paintings looked unfinished, like they were just sketches or impressions rather than completed works of artA New Movement A New Name

A New Movement A New Name

Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), 1872, oil on canvas, Muse Marmottan Monet, ParisThis painting became the source of the movement's name, after Louis Leroy's article The Exhibition of the Impressionists declared that the painting was at most, a sketch

ImpressionismCHARACTERISTICS outdoorEn Plain Air Paintingcharacterized byrapid, spontaneous and loose brushstrokes

Monet, Water Lilies, 1919

ImpressionismCHARACTERISTICS

representation of light and its reflectionthe realistic depiction of light; Impressionist artists sought to capturefleeting moments

Monet, Impression, Sunrise , 1873The Impressionists sought to capture the former - the optical effects of light - to convey the passage of time, changes in weather, and other shifts in the atmosphere in their canvases

ImpressionismCHARACTERISTICS use of color separating colors and letting the eye's perception mix themthe realistic depiction of light; Impressionist artists sought to capturefleeting momentsRenoir, The Skiff (La Yole), 1875

he places an orange boat against cobalt blue water. Orange and blue were understood to be opposite one another in the colour spectrum, and by placing them next to each other, each looked deeper and brighter.

ImpressionismCHARACTERISTICS painting quicklyappearance of quickly painted surfacesMonet, The Beach at Trouville, 1870

The Beach at Trouvilleis a smallpicture, paintedby Monetwhile he wason honeymoon on the Channel coast. He and his wife Camille were on their way to London to escape the Franco-Prussian war

ImpressionismCHARACTERISTICS

modern life as the subject matterDegas, The Beach Scene, 1869

Modern life and the way that ordinary people spent their free time were popular subjects with many Impressionist painters

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONIST

was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting

The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris

Oscar-Claude Monet

MASTERPIECEThis painting raised a storm of criticism and gave its name to the movement. The Impressionism was born.Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise, 1873

MASTERPIECEThis work was in the collection of the Havemeyers, who considered Monet the greatest impressionist landscape painter.

At the turn of the century, Monet became the most popular impressionist painter in the United StatesClaude Monet,The Waterlily Pond, 1897

MASTERPIECEThis woman with an umbrella painted against the light is Camille, Monet's wife, and their son JeanClaude Monet,The Walk, Woman with a Parasol, 1875

MASTERPIECEClaude Monet,The Magpie, 1869

Claude Monet,Irises in Monets Garden, 1900

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONISTa French artist who was a leading painter in the development of theImpressioniststyleRenoir's work seems always to be about pleasurable occasions, and reveals no great seriousness in his subjects.

He is a celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensualityPierre-Auguste Renoir

MASTERPIECEremains the best known and most popular work of art at The Phillips Collection

The painting captures an idyllic atmosphere as Renoir's friends share food, wine, and conversation on a balcony overlooking the Seine at the Maison Fournaise restaurant in ChatouRenoir,Luncheon of the Boating Party, 1880-81

MASTERPIECEIt has been described as "one of the museum's most beloved works

The work depicts two of Renoir's friends,Suzanne Valadonand Paul Auguste LlhoteRenoir,Dance at Bougival, 1883

MASTERPIECELike other works of Renoir's early maturity,Bal du moulin de la Galette is a typically Impressionist snapshot of real life. It shows a richness of form, a fluidity of brush stroke, and a flickering light

The painting depicts a typical Sunday afternoon atMoulin de la Galettein the district of Montmartrein Paris. Working class Parisians would dress up and spend time there dancing, drinking, and eating galettesinto the eveningRenoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876(Dance at Le moulin de la Galette)

MASTERPIECERenoir, Lise Sewing, 1866Renoir, In Summer, 1868

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONISTHe is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he rejected the term, preferring to be called a realistHisportraitsare notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolationEdgar Degas

MASTERPIECEDegas, Blue Dancers, 1899

Degas, The Dance Class, 1873-76

MASTERPIECEDegas,A Cotton Office in New Orleans, 1873

Degas, Dancers in Pink, 1880-85

MASTERPIECEDegas, Ballet Rehearsal, 1873Degas, Young Spartans Exercising, 1860

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONISTPissarro is the only artist to have shown his work at all eight Paris Impressionist exhibitions, from 1874 to 1886. He "acted as a father figure not only to the Impressionists" but to all four of the major Post-Impressionists, includingGeorges Seurat,Paul Czanne,Vincent van GoghandPaul Gauguin.Camille Pissarro

MASTERPIECEPissarro, Le Boulevard de Montmartre, 1897 Pissarro, Landscape at Chaponval,1880

MASTERPIECEPissarro, The Wheelbarrow, Orchard, 1881 Pissarro, The Garden at Pontoise,1874

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONIST

He was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscapeen plein air(i.e., outdoors)

an English Impressionist landscape painter who was born and spent most of his life in France

Alfred Sisley

MASTERPIECESisley, Flood at Port-Marly, 1876Sisley, Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, 1872

MASTERPIECESisley, View of the Canal Saint-Martin, 1870 Sisley, Small Meadows in Spring, 1880

FAMOUS IMPRESSIONISTMany of Bazille's major works are examples offigure paintingin which Bazille placed the subject figure within a landscape painteden plein airJean Frdric Bazille

MASTERPIECEBazille, The Pink Dress, 1864 Bazille, View of the Village,1868

MASTERPIECEBazille, Summer Scene, 1869 Bazille, Landscape at Chailly,1865

The Impressionists aimed to capture the momentary, sensory effect of a scene - theimpression objects made on the eye in a fleeting instant.

To achieve this effect, many Impressionist artists moved from the studio to the streets and countryside, paintingen plein air.Impressionism Techniques- They tended toward bright, pure colors that seemed to jump off the canvas in their boldness and strike the viewer with their intensity- used short, quick brushstrokes that touched colors to the canvas in little comma-like shapes one after another- sometimes, they didn't bother to use a brush at all, applying paint to the canvas directly from the tube

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