ielts academic module preparation - .page 1 of 16 lesson downloads > ielts academic module...

Download IELTS Academic Module preparation - .Page 1 of 16 Lesson downloads > IELTS Academic Module preparation

Post on 17-Jul-2019

219 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Page1of16

    Lessondownloads>IELTSAcademicModulepreparation>Writing>Lesson4

    Introduction

    InthepreviousIELTSlessonwetookafirstlookatdescribingchartssomethingyoumaybeaskedtodoinPart1oftheIELTSwriting.Youlearnedwhattolookforwhenyoufirstreadachartandhowtotellthedifferencebetweendynamicandstaticcharts.Inthislessonwellbetakingacloserlookatusefullanguagefordescribingdynamiccharts.

    SofarintheseIELTSlessonswehavelookedatthreekindsofcompositionyoumaybeaskedtowriteforTask2ofthetest.Theseare:

    describecausesofaproblemandoffersolutions presentargumentsinfavourofandagainstanidea expressyouropiniononacontroversialissue

    Inthislessonwelllookinmoredetailabouthowtoanalyseaquestionandhowtopresentyourpointofviewclearlyandeffectively.

    Inthislessonyouwill

    Practisereadingandgettinginformationfromdynamiccharts. Learnstructuresandexpressionsfordescribingincreaseanddecrease. Practiseusingprepositionswhendescribingnumbersanddates. LearnhowtouseamindmaptogenerateideasforTask2. Practisesupportingyouropinionswithreasonsandexamples. Learnusefulwordsandexpressionsforsupportingyouropinions. Learnhowtopicsentenceshelptoorganiseyourwriting

    IELTSWRITINGTASK1:MOREABOUTCHARTS

    Activity1>Understandingdynamiccharts>10minutes

    a)Thechartbelowisincomplete.Inamoment,youregoingtoreadadescriptionofthechartandcompleteit.Beforeyoudothis,though,takeagoodlookatthechartandanswerthequestions.

  • Page2of16

    UKUnemploymentrates(16+yearolds):May2003July2006

    4.2

    4.4

    4.6

    4.8

    5

    5.2

    5.4

    5.6

    5.8

    May03

    Jul03

    Sep03

    Nov03

    Jan04

    Mar04

    May04

    Jul04

    Sep04

    Nov04

    Jan05

    Mar05

    May05

    Jul05

    Sep05

    Nov05

    Jan06

    Mar06

    May06

    Jul06

    Rate%

    Source:NationalStatisticswebsite:www.statistics.gov.ukhttp://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nscl.asp?id=6682CrowncopyrightmaterialisreproducedwiththepermissionoftheControllerofHMSOhttp://www.statistics.gov.uk/copyright.asp

    1Whatkindofchartisthis?a)Apiechartb)Alinegraphc)Aproportionalbarchart

    2Whatdoesthechartshow?a)Thepercentageoftheworkforceover16whowereunemployedb)Thepercentageoftheworkforceover16whoareunemployedc)Thenumberofpeopleover16whowereunemployed

    3Whataretheunitsshownintheverticalaxis(goingup)?a)hundredsb)thousandsc)percentages

    4Whatperioddoesthechartcover?a)Justover3yearsb)Almost3yearsc)Justover2years

    5Whatwastheunemploymentrateatthebeginningoftheperiod?a)5percentb)5.1percentc)5.2percent

    b)Nowreadthedescriptionofthechartanddrawthemissingsectionofthelinegraph.

  • Page3of16

    ThelinegraphshowsfiguresforunemploymentintheUKworkforcebetweenMay2003andJuly2006.Itisclearfromthechartthattherateofunemploymentfluctuatedagreatdealduringthistime.Atthebeginningoftheperiod,unemploymentstoodat5.1percent.Afewmonthslaterthefigurehadrisenslightlyto5.2percent.UnemploymentthenremainedstableuntilSeptember2003.FromthispointontherewasasteadydownwardtrendandbyJanuary2004theratehadfallento4.9percent.ItstayedatthisleveluntilMaythesameyear,butfromMaytoJulytherewasanothersmalldropof1percent.TherewerenofurtherchangesinthelevelofunemploymentuntilMarchthefollowingyear.FromMarchtoMay2005,therewasasmallincreaseof1percent,butthisdidnotlastlongandthefigurehadfallenbackto4.8percentbyJuly.FromSeptember2005onwards,however,therewasamarkedupwardtrendintherateofunemploymentintheUK.FromSeptember2005toNovemberthesameyear,thefigureshotupfrom4.8to5.2percent.Therateremainedstableforafewmonths,butthenrosesharplyagain,andhadreachedapeakof5.7percentbyJuly2006.

    c)Thehighlightedwordsinthedescriptionofthechartthatyouvejustreadareusefulphrasesfordescribingincreasesanddecreases.Readthereportagainandfindphrasesfromthetextwhichmean

    wentupanddownfrequentlydidnotchange(2phrases)

    wentupalittlewentupveryquickly(2phrases)arrivedatitshighestpointwentupnoticeablyoveraperiod

    wentdown(2phrases)wentdowngraduallyoveraperiod

    Activity2>Describingincreaseanddecrease(1)>5minutes

    a)Inthelasttaskyoulearnedsomeusefulphrasesfordescribingincreasesanddecreases.Therearealsotwousefulsentencestructuresfordoingthis:

    1[nounphrase]+[verb]+[adverb]

    Forexample: Theunemploymentrate rose rapidlyThecostofliving fell dramatically

    2[Thereis/are]+[nounphrase]

    Forexample: Therewas ariseinunemploymentTherehasbeen anincreaseinthecostofliving

    Finisheachsentencebelowsothatitmeansthesameastheonegiven.

    1Thepriceofoilrosesharply.There

    2ThereisanoticeableincreaseintemperaturefromMayonwards.Temperature

    3Thenumberofpeopleattendingthetheatrehasfallendramatically.There.

  • Page4of16

    4TherehadbeenasteadyriseinDVDsalesforthefirstsixmonthsoftheyear.DVDsales

    5Therehasbeenarapidgrowthintheuseofalternativeenergysources.Theuseofalternativeenergysources

    6Thepopularityofselfcateringholidaysdecreasedsignificantlyduringthe1990sThere

    Activity3>Describingincreaseanddecrease(2)>5minutes

    Youcanalsodescribeincreasesanddecreasesbyusingfractionstoshowthesizeofthechangeoveracertainperiod.Forexample:

    Thecostofrentsdoubledinlessthanayear.Birthrateshavehalvedsincetheturnofthecentury.ByJuly,thepriceofpetrolhadfallenbyathird.Thenumberofschoolleaversgoingontouniversityhasrisenbyaquartersince1980.

    a)Thechartbelowcomparesmonthlysalesfortwomonthsfromafruitwholesaler.Checkthetitle,thekeyandtheaxessothatyouunderstandthechart.

    Fruitsales(kilos)

    0

    2000

    4000

    6000

    8000

    10000

    12000

    14000

    16000

    oranges apples lemons bananas plums apricots pineapples

    kg

    JulyNovember

    b)NowwritesentencesaboutthechangesinfruitsalesfromJulytoNovember.Usethewordsfromthebox.

    aquarterathirddoubledfellbyhalvedrosebytripled

  • Page5of16

    Orangesalesdoubled.(example)

    Applesalesfellbyaquarter.

    Lemonsales

    Bananassales

    Plumssales

    Apricotsales

    Pineapplesales

    Activity4>Makingapproximations>5minutes

    Thechartinthepreviousactivityhadveryconvenientnumbers.However,inreallifethingsarentquitesoeasy!ThechartintheIELTStestisnotlikelytoshowfiguresthatriseandfallbyexactfractions,suchasahalforathird.

    Whatyouneedtodoismakeapproximations.Forexample,ifrealsalesfiguresfororangesrosefrom4000kilosto7850kilos,youcansaythatorangesalesalmostdoubled.

    a)HerearesomeusefulwordsandphrasesformakingapproximationsMatchphraseswiththesamemeaning

    1justover aaround

    2approximately bnearly

    3justunder cslightly morethan

    b)Nowwritesentencesaboutthechartbelow,whichshowschangesinthequantitiesofimportsofcertainelectronicgoods.Again,usethewordsintheboxes.

  • Page6of16

    Importsofelectronicgoods

    3

    2.1

    6.2

    4

    6.25.8

    1.7

    8.5

    5.2

    2.8

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    DVDplayers CDplayers Televisions Radios Videorecorders

    millionsofunits20002006

    aquarterathirddoubledfellbyhalvedrosebytripled

    justoverapproximatelyjustunderaroundnearlyslightlymorethan

    1(DVDplayers)2(CDplayers)3(Televisions)4(Radios)5(Videorecorders)

    Activity5>Prepositionsoftime>5minutes

    InthelastIELTSlessonyoulearnedhowimportantverbtensesarewhendescribingdynamicchartsandtables.Correctuseofprepositionsisalsoimportant.Herearesomeofthemainprepositionsyouwillneedtouse:

    in[month/year/morning,afternoonetc]at[9oclock,10.30ametc]from..[apointintime]..to[anotherpoint]between[apointintime]..and[anotherpoint]during[aperiodoftime]before[apointintimeoraperiodoftime]after[apointintimeoraperiodoftime]by[apointoftimearrivedat]until[apointoftimereached]since[fromapointinthepastuntilnow]

    a)Gobacktothedescriptionofthechartinactivity1bandunderlineexamplesoftheprepositionsoftimelistedabove.

    b)Nowcompleteeachofthesesentenceswiththecorrectpreposition.

    1 Januarytherewasanoticeableriseinthenumberofpeopletakingsickleavefromwork.

  • Page7of16

    2Temperaturesusuallyreachapeak about1oclockintheafternoon.3From1997 2006therewasasteadyincreaseinsalesoforganicproduce.4 therecession,unemploymentgrewsteadily.5Televisionsaudienceviewingfiguresrisedramatically 6oclockintheevening.6 Junesalesfigureswerelow,butlatertheybegantoincreaserapidly.7Thepriceofoilhadshotupto$70perbarrel August.8FromNovember theendoftheyearenergyconsumptioncontinuedtorise.9Therehasbeenamarkeddecreaseinroadaccidents thenewlawswereintroducedin2005.

    Activity6>Prepositiontodescribeincreaseanddecrease>10minutes

    Youwillalsoneedtobecarefulwhenusingprepositionswithnumbers.Simplychangingtheprepositioncanchangethewholemeaningofasentence.Forexample,whatsthedifferencebetweenthesetwosentences?

    1)Newspapercirculationroseby20,000newspaperspermonth.2)Newspapercirculationroseto20,000newspaperspermonth.

    Sentence1describesthesizeoftheincrease.Perhapsnewspapercirculationwasalready40,000permonth,andtherehasbeena20,000permonthincrease.Thefinalfigurewillbe60,000permonth.

    Sentence2showsthepointreached.Perhapsnewspapercirculationhadbeen15,000permonthanditthenrosebyanother5,000toreach20,000permonth.

    Rememberalsothatnotallwordsfordescribingriseandfallwilltakeapreposition,andtheprepositionwilldependonwhetheryoureusingthewordasaverboranoun.Seethetablebelowformoredetails:

    Verbsthattakeapreposition

    Verbsthatdonttakeapreposition

    Nounsthattakeapreposition

    riseto/byincreaseto/byfallto/bydropto/byshootupto/byplungeto/bystayatremainatfluctuatebetween/around

    reach ariseofanincreaseofafallofadecreaseof

    Nowlookatthechartandcompletethereportbelowwithasuitableprepositionwhereneeded.

  • Page8of16

    Crudeoilprices:USdollarsperbarrel

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

Recommended

View more >