IATI – An Introduction Date Event Name of Presenter.
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IATI An IntroductionDateEventName of Presenter
What is IATI?Multi-StakeholderCommon StandardSingle point of access
Why do we need IATI?Different formatsHard to findNot currentNot comprehensiveInconsistentIn multiple locationsNot forward lookingNot comparableTheres lots of information available but its...
How does IATI change the state of play?In a standardised format Updated RegularlyFrom a range of actorsAll in one placeForward lookingComparableIATI enables organisations to publish data that is...
Who wants the data?Partner Country GovernmentsTax payersCivil SocietyMedia
Busan HLF 2011 Accra HLF 2008 Where does IATI come from?Implement a common, open standard for electronic publication of timely, comprehensive and forward looking information on resources provided through development cooperation...Busan Declaration Para. 23 c
publicly disclose regular, detailed and timely information on volume, allocation and results...
provide regular and timely information on forward expenditure and implementation plans... Accra Agenda for Action Para. 24a and 26b
IATI and Open DevelopmentAccountabilityOpen Data Beneficiary FeedbackAccess to Information
How is IATI governed?
What kind of organisations are publishing to IATI?267
How is IATI data being used?
How is IATI data being used?devtracker.dfid.gov.ukwww.openaid.nlwww.openaid.se
What are the next steps for IATI?More dataBetter quality dataData being used
The Common StandardCommon StandardOECD DAC Creditor Reporting SystemIATIOECD DAC Forward Spending Survey
What information do organisations publish?Organisation StandardActivity StandardForward looking budgetsStrategic documentsFull transaction historySub-national Geographic codingConditions, Outputs, OutcomesSectors and ClassificationsCountry budgetsForward looking budgets
IATI and Joined Up Data
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*IATI is a voluntary multi-stakeholder initiative that seeks to increase the transparency of development cooperation and consequently improve its effectiveness in tackling poverty.
At the centre of IATI is a data standard. This is a format and framework for publishing data on development cooperation activities, intended to be used by all organisations engaged in development, from government donors to private sector organisations, and national and international NGOs. It was designed in close consultation with key users of development cooperation data in developing countries, to ensure its relevance and utility for a variety of different data users.
IATI also provides a single point of access for the data organisations publish to the IATI Standard. This is called the Registry. The Registry holds links to all the data that is being published in the IATI standard format, meaning that users can access it from one single point.
*A number of systems and databases for reporting and capturing data on development cooperation already exist. A lot of information on development cooperation is already available, but is very problematic to use. This is because many systems tend to be producer, rather than user, oriented. This means that:
N.B. Select 2 or 3 of the most relevant elements to present, not all.
Data in different formats makes it difficult to mash up different data sets with each other. It can take a lot of time and effort for data users to find where information is kept. Data is often out of date, meaning that relevant, timely analysis and use of data is a challenge. Different systems use different vocabularies, definitions and measures of data making it difficult to compare between different datasets. Data can be inconsistent, with different elements or fields being reported or not reported. Data is not accessible from one single source, and must be searched for in different locations. Forward-looking development data is essential to support developing country governments in, but most data that is currently available is only reporting past activities and not planned, forward-looking ones. Existing data sets often dont provide data from organisations beyond traditional bilateral and multilateral donors meaning the picture of development provided by the data is not comprehensive.
*IATI has been designed to ensure that data is published in a user-centric way.
At the beginning, IATI held consultations with government and civil society stakeholders from over 70 partner countries, about their information needs. The consultations confirmed that the priority needs were for timely, up-to-date and reliable information on current and future development cooperation. They also stressed the need for better coverage, including information from non-traditional providers, such as foundations, NGOs and technical cooperation providers.
Taking this on board, IATI was designed in a particular way that enables all organisations to:
N.B. Select 2 or 3 of the most relevant elements to present, not all.
Publish in the same format as other organisations so it is easy to combine data sets from different organisations. Update their data on a monthly, quarterly or six-monthly basis, to ensure information is as up to date as possible. All different kinds of development cooperation providers to publish data the standard is flexible, and we are working with different organisations all the time to make this easier. Publish in one central location. The IATI Registry provides links to the data published by all organisations using the IATI Standard. Provide, where possible, forward-looking information on their development project this is particularly vital for developing country governments, who need this information to enable a more comprehensive and budgeting and national planning process. Publish in the same format, to enable easy comparison of data from many different kinds of organisations. *A diverse group of organisations and individuals demand IATI data for a variety of purposes.
Partner country governments are one of the potential users of IATI data. When a country receives large volumes of development assistance, detailed information on current and future cooperation is essential to enable governments to generate budgets and national plans with a clear picture of all the resources coming in from different places.
Taxpayers in countries whose governments provide development cooperation from their budget want to know how their tax money is being spent, and that it is being put to its best use.
Civil Society Organisations around the world need information on development cooperation to enable better monitoring of development resources, and to have the right information that they can use to hold governments and assistance providers to account for the way they spend resources.
The media and journalists want the data so that they can investigate how development resources are applied and what impact they are having. *IATI was launched in 2008 at the third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra. It was designed, in part to support donors to meet their political commitments on transparency, as laid out in the Accra Agenda for Action. IATI was then a central aspect of the 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan in 2011. The outcome document included a specific reference to IATI, requiring all endorsers of Busan to implement a common open standard for the publication of data on development cooperation by December 2015.
*However, IATIs significance for development cooperation providers has developed beyond just the development effectiveness agenda, especially in the open development agenda. A rise in global and national initiatives over the past few years reflects greater demand for transparency and access to more data from a range of stakeholders, both in developing and donor countries.
Discussions around the post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals highlight that improved access to information frameworks at national level will enable individuals to hold leaders and development actors accountable
Development agencies are focusing their attention on incorporating beneficiary feedback mechanisms more effectively into their work. Improved data provision and data sharing mechanisms are an essential element of the feedback process.
IATI offers a way for development cooperation actors to open up development to all stakeholders as an integral part of maximising the impact of cooperation on the poorest and most vulnerable communities.
More widespread availability of information is an essential building block towards empowering citizens, governments and donors to collaborate and maximise development impact.
Several donors have included implementing IATI as part of the commitments under the Open Government Partnership, an international initiative that seeks to promote transparency and empower citizens.
*IATI is governed by a multi-stakeholder steering committee, bringing together representatives from bilateral, multilateral and non-traditional donors, experts in aid information and statistics, partner countries, private sector and civil society organisations.
The Steering Committee is supported by a Secretariat led by comprising UNDP, with UNOPs, the governments of Ghana and Sweden and Development Initiatives.
IATIs work is also supported by a technical community, the IATI Technical Advisory Group (TAG). Through the TAG, publishers, developers and data users come together to support the development of the standard, and collaborate on publication and use of data. The chair of the TAG is a member of the IATI Steering Committee. *Since organisations first started publishing in 2011, 267 (Update the notes and slide by looking at www.iatiregistry.org under IATI Publishers) have published data to the IATI Standard.
These include International NGOs, bilateral and multi-lateral donors, private sector, foundations and research organisations. NGOs make up a considerable number of publishers, in part due to IATI reporting being made a funding requirement by some donors.
IATI is constantly working with stakeholders from different kinds of organisations to ensure that the Standard is flexible enough and designed in a way that supports reporting of a variety of organisational models. At present, they are engaging with organisations working in Humanitarian Aid, to understand how IATI can support their publishing efforts.
*For the full benefits of IATI to be realised, it is the use of IATI data at the country level that really matters.
Firstly, for governments. With better data on development flows, Governments in countries where development cooperation makes up a large part of the resource package, can better plan and manage their budgets. Without accurate and timely financial data, this process becomes very difficult. IATI worked with the Ministry of Planning in DRC, and Development Gateway (provider of the Aid Information Management System) and found that it was possible to automatically feed IATI data directly into country systems, to improve the data collection process.
Parliamentarians, CSOs and citizens also require data to hold governments to account. Information on what development cooperation has been received and how it should be used, and where it is directed are essential for these purposes. Community-based organisations can also influence how resources are used once they know what is available; and journalists, researchers and activists can investigate how development cooperation resources are applied and what impact they are having. IATI and Development Initiatives have recently developed a new tool www.d-portal.org - a country-based information platform that tracks resource flows and aims to provide line ministries, parliamentarians and civil society with information that can assist with the planning and monitoring of development activities. d-portal shows what information is available to stakeholders at country level and just as important it highlights the gaps. It uses IATI and OECD DAC CRS data to populate the platform, which enables users to view maps, graphs, tables and links to raw data.
*In addition, publishers of the data are also seeing the benefits of using IATI. IATI data is currently being used by several publishers, particularly large bilateral and multilateral donors, to drive open aid portals interactive tools that help users track donor spending, and can play an important role in promoting accountability, and engagement with parliamentarians, civil society and taxpayers.
DFIDs Development Tracker visualises the DFID IATI data in a searchable format, and also incorporates data from some of the NGOs that they fund, enabling users to track funds through the System (search for the Global Poverty Action Fund).
In the Netherlands, the Ministry has published the international development budget online, with estimated and actual expenditures cross-referenced to individual development activities in IATI. In this case, IATI is also proving a useful means of improving internal management, as well as external accountability. *IATI has made considerable progress over the past years, but there is still a lot of energy being placed in developing and extending the initiative.
1) More data a) The Secretariat and Technical team are also expanding outreach to discuss with different kinds of cooperation prov...