Human Geography The study of people: Who they are, Why they are and Where they are.

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  • Human Geography The study of people: Who they are, Why they are and Where they are.

  • What is Demography?The statistical study of human population.

    Geographers use stats to froecast population trends, locate schools, and draw political boundaries.

  • What is Population Density?Average # of people living in an areaExpressed in people/square mile

    Used to determine where businesses and hospitals are built, where and how much aid is needed.

  • What are the 4 clusters of population in the world?

  • Factors determining population.Birth Rate

    Death RateMigration

    EmigrantImmigrant# of births each year/1000 people#of deaths each year/1000 peopleMoving from one place to another to livePeople who leave to live elsewherePeople who come to live somewhere

  • What 3 factors effect the # of people in a given place?

    BIRTH RATE

    DEATH RATE

    MIGRATION

  • Push & Pull FactorsA push factor causes some one to leave

    A pull factor attracts people to a certain location

  • What are Refugees?People who have been forced to leave & can not return.Eg. Politics, Natural Disasters, and Discrimination

  • What is natural increase?Natural Rate of increase in the population.

    Most often seen when there is an increase in birth rate and a fall in or stagnation in death rate.

  • Draw and Label the Demographic Transition ModelOpen up your book and copy it from page 92.What can be learned about an area by looking at this model?

  • DefineCulture- all the features in a persons way of lifeCulture trait- activities and behaviors that people often take part in(eating w/ chop sticks)Culture region- an area in which people have many shared culture traitsEthnic groups- human population that shares common culture or ancestors

  • What are acculturation, innovation, & diffusion?When individuals or a group adopts some of the same traits of another culture.

    New ideas that a culture accepts.

    When an idea or innovation spreads from one person or group to another is adopted.

  • 3 types of diffusion

  • What is globalization?Process in which connections around the world increase & cultures become more alike.

  • What affects does globalization have?Fast Food (McDonalds)Jeans (Levis)Cars (BMW, Mercedes)Music (Micheal Jackson, Madonna)The United States is also affected by Japaness electronics, German Cars, and Italian Fashion.

  • Explain Cultural ConvergenceThis is when different cultures blend together. Ideas, habits, and institution of one culture come in contact with those of another.Eg. Coke, Pepsi, Mexican and Chinese food.

  • More VocabTraditionalism- following longtime practices & opposing many modern technologies and ideasFundamentalism- movement in which people believe in strictly following certain established principles

  • More VocabCultural Divergence- process of cultures becoming separate & distinctCan Happen when one group apposes change, while another welcomes it. Ethnic celebrations keep culture distinct by celebrating history, identity, and a way of life.

  • Why is language important to the study of Geography?It is the main means of communication, how customs are passed, influences paths of diffusion, languages have spatial characteristics, and shape peoples lives.

  • What is the most spoken language in the World? 2nd?The most spoken is the world is Mandarin Chinese. This is due to the fact that China has the largest population in the world.English is the second due to its wide spread use.

  • What is a Dialect?A dialect is a regional variety of a language

    Can yall give me an example of dialect in action?

  • Language, Language, LanguageWhy is the English language special?

    Turn to page 101 in your Book Define lingua franca

    It is a language of trade and communication.

  • What are the 3 types of Religions?Ethnic ReligionsThese are religions found among people of one ethnic group & that generally have not spread to other culturesEg. Hinduism(India), Confucianism &Taoism(Japan), Judism

  • What are the 3 types of Religions?Animist ReligionThese religions have people who believe in the presence of spirit and forces of nature.Eg. Native AmericansPolytheism- the belief of many godsEg. Ancient Romans

  • What are the 3 types of Religions?Universalizing religionsReligions that seek out followers all over the worldEg. Christians & MuslimsThese groups use missionaries to spread their religion and to convert others.Monotheism- Belief in one god.

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