how to give an accessible presentation - yue-ting siu
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Making Your MW2015 Presentation Accessible
http://bit.ly/accessiblemw2015 Museums and the Web#MW2015 March 26th, 2015
Yue-Ting Siu, TVItplus.education@TVI_ting#a11yIntro self, backgroundPersonal interest in this area: My students. Advocate by building community support and shared responsibility for inclusive environments. Its professional, inclusive, and happens to be compliant. Agenda: Strategies for live, dynamic presentationsBest practices in accessible handoutsConsiderations for multimedia accessibility1Preamble of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities"Disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others".
@TVI_ting#a11yPeople are only as disabled as the limitations imposed upon them.2Who does accessibility benefit?Everyone!
12-19% of population
(U.S. Disability Statistics, Census Bureau, 2012)
@TVI_ting#a11yWe all have different conceptualizations of disability.Talk about different types of disabilities, how information in different ways caters to people with different learning styles. Different ways of access.
3Todays agendaStrategic communicationCustomized accessMultimodal representations Principles of Universal Design
@TVI_ting#a11y80% of information is visual! There may be people listening to this webinar and I want to ensure no information is missed. Nonvisual access is not restricted to just people who are blind or visually impaired.
People typically communicate by sketching, demonstrating, gesturing. Examples:Its done like THIS (motioning)Id like you to think of it like THAT (gesturing)Its over THERE (pointing)
Todays agenda:Flexible access to handoutsMultiple representations of content (UDL = Multiple means of representing content, demonstrating learning, and engagement)
4LanguageWho Identify speakersWhat Nonvisual responses, auditory polling, text, imagesWhere Specific directional cues
@TVI_ting#a11yStrategic communication: Small nuances in language can be effective and be the difference in building an inclusive environment.Who: Everyone appreciates a name refresher, helps build community within audienceWhat: When polling audience, ask for auditory feedback. Snaps, yays. Report audience responses.Where: Attunes everyones attention
Having said that:Sensory vocabulary is ok!5Descriptive languageThis, That, and There (Hudson, 1997, p.59)
This is our agenda today.
Do you agree with that? (gesturing toward a participant).
Well start over here (pointing at a participant).
You can submit your feedback here.Descriptive language
Todays agenda will cover(read your list).
Jeremy, do you agree with that?
Well start with the first seat on my left in the first row.
You can submit your feedback by clicking this link (read the link)
@TVI_ting#a11yNonvisual language cues also helps a direct any audience persons attention more specifically.
Describe pictures on your slides Segue into talking pointsDescribe data displays Parse for everyones main takeawayRead or present all text Incorporate live, or transcribe images of text@TVI_ting#a11yLeverage specific communication to focus audiences attention.Relates to posted images of text on social media, too.
Can write a post that naturally incorporates and image description too, rather than isolating it on a separate line. For example, on food blog7Accessibility is personal!Ideal access to information =CustomizableTimelyIndependentPrimaryEquitable
@TVI_ting#a11yConsiderations for personal access to information:Use of own devices, manipulate own accessibility options. Flexible learning media. Auditory, Visual, TactileMinimal censorship, although this can vary depending on purpose of a certain media. Equitable = usability8Accessibility optionsScreen magnificationText to speech (screen readers)Refreshable braille displaysDescriptions (alt text)CaptionsAssistive listening devices
@TVI_ting#a11yOptions are as good as the media itself is accessible.What does that mean?9Well-designed multimediaHandouts, webpages, social media
TextMS Word, PDFs, PowerpointsImagesVideo
@TVI_ting#a11yGood design is inclusive!10It all begins with formatting
@TVI_ting#a11y11Clear, usable, efficient = Equitable!
@TVI_ting#a11yImage Description:Microsoft Word, Powerpoints, on the web
@TVI_ting#a11yDescription GuidelinesThree Key Steps: Observe, Analyze, and Communicate
Step 1. Describe what you see and dont infer Identify elements of the work by segments-- objects, people, setting, arrangement Descriptive Elements-- Color, Shape, Line, Texture.Use Vivid LanguageDo not try to fill every pause
Step 2. Analyze/understand the work to be describedWhat is happening, what is emphasized, what are possible meaningsGoal/Purpose: Object/scene to be described
@TVI_ting#a11yTaken from DCMP14Descriptions Guidelines (contd)Step 3. CommunicateClear, Precise Thoughts Orderly Flow (General to Specific)Concise, Prioritize Description Vivid/Descriptive Words Eliminate extra information/languageConsistent vocabulary Use present tense (walks vs. walking)
#ViDesc#ydrequest@TVI_ting#a11yolder term: Audio description16Meaningful representationsDescriptionRaised line drawings (tactile graphics)Modeling with 3D objectsSonification (Chart ML)
@TVI_ting#a11yMost things are accessible by simple description. Decide what form accessible materials should take depending on how information is best represented.Engage all members of a community17Outcomes It benefits everyone!
ProfessionalSets the toneBorn digital, born accessibleUDLCost effective@TVI_ting#a11yAnd of course compliant.
UDL = Multiple means of representation, learning, and engagement.
Much cheaper than remediation.18ResourcesCommunity accessibility:http://webaim.org (web, .doc, .pdf, .ppt)3D printing for accessible media bit.ly/iste-3dprintingHandbook for Museums and Educators for Accessible Programs http://www.artbeyondsight.org/handbook
Description:DCMP Description Key (Guidelines for K-12) http://www.dcmp.org/descriptionkeyGuidelines for describing STEM imageshttp://ncam.wgbh.org/experience_learn/educational_media/stemdx/guidelines
Yue-Ting (Ting) Siu, TVIwww.tplus.educationtwitter: @TVI_ting