how do historians study the past

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  • 1. An Introduction to

2. Introducing Ourselves Padlet is a blank wall on the web that you can post anything too. For this activity youll be posting a little bit about yourself. In blackboard complete the, Introductions Activity using Padlet. 3. Introducing Ourselves Name Email Favorite activities Countries youve visited Who was your favorite teacher and why? 4. In a Letter to Me Tell me something about yourself that you think is important for me to know. What sorts of things come easy for you? Which are more challenging? What questions/concerns do you have about taking an online course? What are the qualities you like to see in a teacher? 5. History Is "History is for human self-knowledge. Knowing yourself means knowing, first, what it is to be a person; secondly, knowing what it is to be the kind of person you are; and thirdly, knowing what it is to be the person you are and nobody else is. Knowing yourself means knowing what you can do; and since nobody knows what they can do until they try, the only clue to what man can do is what man has done. The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is." - R. G. Collingwood 6. In This Course We will take a look at how the world came to look the way it did in the 20th century. How did religion, philosophy, wars and nationalism shape the world What problems exist today and locate their roots in history 7. Tools of a Historian Using Primary and Secondary Sources in the Classroom 7 8. A Historians Tools PRIMARY SOURCES SECONDARY SOURCES 9. What is a Primary Source Primary sources are materials produced by people or groups directly involved in the event or topic under consideration. Think of them as first-hand information. 10. What Is a Primary Source Examples of primary sources include eyewitness accounts, speeches, letters and diaries, newspapers and magazines, tax and census data, marriage, birth and death records, works of art, and interviews 11. What is a Secondary Source Secondary sources construct an explanation of the past based on primary sources and usually in consultation with other secondary sources. The best secondary sources will both report on events in the past as well as generalize, analyze, interpret and/or evaluate. 12. The Assassination of JFK Using Primary and Secondary Sources Click the play button to learn more 13. Check for Understanding 1. In your own words, describe the difference between a primary and secondary source? 2. Why are these important tools for a historian? 14. Can we Trust the Sources First, historians think about where, when and why a document was created. They consider whether a source was created close in location and time to an actual historical event. Historians also think about the purpose of a source. Was it a personal diary intended to be kept private? Was the document prepared for the public? Some primary sources may be judged more reliable than others, but every source is biased in some way. As a result, historians read sources skeptically and critically. 15. These Two Rules Help You Decide RULE #1 Time and Place RULE #2 Bias 16. This rule says the closer in time and place a source and its creator were to an event in the past, the better the source will be. Rule #1: Time and Place 17. Rule #1: Time and Place Examples Might Include: Direct traces of the event; Accounts of the event, created at the time it occurred, by firsthand observers and participants; Accounts of the event, created after the event occurred, by firsthand observers and participants; Accounts of the event, created after the event occurred, by people who did not participate or witness the event, but who used interviews or evidence from the time of the event 18. Rule #2: Bias This rule says every source is biased in some way. Documents tell us only what the creator of the document thought happened, or perhaps only what the creator wants us to think happened. 19. Rule #2: Bias Examples Might Include: Every piece of evidence and every source must be read or viewed skeptically and critically. No piece of evidence should be taken at face value. The creator's point of view must be considered. Each piece of evidence and source must be cross- checked and compared with related sources and pieces of evidence. 20. Check for Understanding 1. Why is it important to determine the reliability of a source? 2. What rules can we use to guide us as we determine the reliability of a source?

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