Homestead Act New Technology Life on the Farm Decline of Farming Life on the Plains Plains Indians American Interests Indian Restrictions Indian Wars Assimilation.

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  • Slide 1
  • Homestead Act New Technology Life on the Farm Decline of Farming Life on the Plains Plains Indians American Interests Indian Restrictions Indian Wars Assimilation End of the Indian Lifestyle Plains Indians Open Range Cattle Kingdom Cattles Decline Mining Towns Mining Life Wild West Ranching and Mining
  • Slide 2
  • Homestead Act Passed in 1862 To encourage settlement of the Plains area Gave 160 acres of land to settlers if they improved the land and lived on it Land speculators Oklahoma giveaway, 1889 People continued to come for the cheap lands and opportunity
  • Slide 3
  • New Technology Deeper wells Steel plows Better farm equipment reaper, harvesters Morrill Land Grants Railroad expansion Transcontinental railroad, 1869
  • Slide 4
  • Life on the Farm Sod houses Weather extremes Drought isolation
  • Slide 5
  • Decline of Farming Rise of industry Urbanization End of the frontier Great debts Railroad charges
  • Slide 6
  • Open Range Great Plains area No boundaries to man or cattle Low population
  • Slide 7
  • Cattle Kingdom Greater urban populations demanded more food Cattle drives to meet railroads Chishom Trail Abilene Legend of the cowboy Mexican Influences
  • Slide 8
  • Cattles Decline Too many cattle Disease Drought Barbed wire fences blocked open range
  • Slide 9
  • Mining Towns Gold Rushes California, 1849 Black Hills Comstock Lode Alaska Ghost Towns
  • Slide 10
  • Mining Life Large mix of people Many opportunities for everyone Saloons, gambling Hard luck
  • Slide 11
  • Wild West Legend of adventure Wild Bill Hickcock Calamity Jane Wyatt Earp Jesse James Billy the Kid Dime novels that told western tales Only lasted about 30 years
  • Slide 12
  • Plains Indians Great Plains or Great American Desert Nomadic Lifestyle Importance of the horse and buffalo Communal living Common use of the tribes land Sioux, Lakota, Cheyenne, apache, Nez Pierce, Blackfeet
  • Slide 13
  • American Interests Lands given by treaty to Indian groups California Gold Rush, 1848 Homestead Act, 1862 Transcontinental railroad building Massacre of the buffalo herds Central and Union Pacific Railroads Promontory Point, Utah, 1869
  • Slide 14
  • Indian Restrictions Treaties were broken Indians forced onto reservations Govt payment and supplies were not delivered as promised Indian Uprisings Dakota Uprising, 1862 Massacre at Sand Creek, 1864 John Chivington Leads Army unit in massacre of Cheyenne Fettermans Massacre, 1866 Fettermans small army band crushed by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and red Clouds warriors
  • Slide 15
  • Indian Wars Gold found in the Black Hills of the Dakotas Sioux try to defend area promised to them Army sends George Armstrong Custer Little Bighorn, 1876 Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull lead warriors as Custer and all his men were killed Nez Perce Indians, 1877 Led by Chief Joseph, they refused to go to reservation Chased by the army for over 1000 mils until captures I will fight no more forever
  • Slide 16
  • Assimilation Century of Dishonor Helen Hunt Jacksons Some people supported assimilation of Indians Dawes Act passed, 1887 160 acres to each family Most of land was eventually taken
  • Slide 17
  • End of the Indian Lifestyle Assimilation Education of Indians to be more like whites Destruction of the buffalo Ghost Dance Movement Sioux spiritual dance Dance was outlawed Wounded Knee, 1980 Massacre of several hundred Sioux Indian era comes to an end

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