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World History 1st Semester Exam Study Guide2017Paleolithic/Neolithic Ages Terms:PaleolithicNeolithicCatal Hyuck JerichoHominidLucyHomosapienAnimismMigrationNomadKey Questions and Concepts1. Know about Lucy the Hominid. What do her remains tell about the evolution of man?2. What technique is used for studding the evolution of humans3.Know the major accomplishments of the Paleolithic age. What is the most amazing of all their accomplishments?4. Know the evolution of tools from simple stone to bronze and Iron. 5. How does each development advances a culture?6 .Be able to describe Neolithic agriculture techniques where did Neolithic societies first form?7. What the does Jericho, Catel Hyuk, and Puma Pumka tell about the advancement of Neolithic cities.8. Know Neolithic technologies9. Know the 5 elements of civilizations10. Why was Sumer the first Civilization11. Why is Sumer the beginning of History?12. Be able to distinguish the geography around the Nile, Indus Yellow and Tigress Euphrates13. Compare and contrast Egypt and Mesopotamian societies in terms of conflicts14 What would lead to the Indus and Yellow Valley river systems to require more irrigation that those found in the Middle East?15.What was the name of the first emperor of the Tigress Euphrates region16. Know about Hammurabis code, and how it compares with Mosaic Law. How could this be an example of cultural diffusion?
Hunter/GatherForgingMesopotamiaFertile CrescentCradle of civilizationHarappaYellow River CivilizationRiver Valley CivilizationClassical CivilizationsPost Classical CivilizationsCultural DiffusionHammurabiBabylonSumerCuneiform
Post Classical Civilizations and Rome
Patricians Plebeians Twelve Tables (tablets)Julius Caesar ConstantineAugustusNeroConstantinople MosaicsPax Romana Gentiles Paul Aqueducts
Classical Civilization and Romes Mediterranean Empire 753BCE 476CE What is the major difference between River Valley Civilizations and that of Classical Civilizations
Tributary systemGoths Barrel VaultKeystoneArchFriezeDoricIonianCorinthianRepublicPrincipate (Empire)
1. What was the Roman creation legend? How did 1. How did Romes creation legend contribute to influence Roman Identity2. How did Rome become a Republic (507BCE-31BCE), how did it function and
Why would it not be considered a democracy?
3. What was the status and role of Roman women?
4. Why (and how) did the Roman Republic Expand? What were some examples?
of Roman flexibility?
5. After over 400 years, why did the Republic fail?
6. What reforms did Julius Caesar make to earn support? Who was loyal to Caesar?
7. How did Octavian/Augustus reorganize the Republic?
Principate? Explain the Pax Romana
8. How did the Roman Empire become a commonwealth of peoples?
What were conquered people required to adopt as new Romans?
10. What would new territories receive as becoming part of the Roman Empire?
11. What appeal did Jesus (of Nazareth) have for the Jews, slaves and the poor?
12. What political reason could Constantine have for creating a universalist religion?13. Know Roman technology, architecture elements and arts
14. Analyze the political & economic causes of the 3rd century decline and how did
Constantine attempt to reform the Empire?
15. Why did only the western half of the Empire collapse (by 476CE)?
16. Who were the Goths? Why would they finally attack Rome?
17. Explain why the end of the Roman Western Empire lead Western Europe into a dark ages.
18. In what ways did technology and a central empire help spread Christianity?
19. When was the official year Rome fell?
20. Know the internal and external reasons for the fall of Rome
21. Know elements of Sprite of Rome
22. Know the Legacy of Rome how we use Roman ideas today?
River Valley Civilizations: How geography influence Civilization
Mesopotamia Geography open land between Tigress Euphrates Rivers Leads to constant warfare. Civilizations include: Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittites, Israelites, Assyrians and more
Sumer first civilization, Cuneiform writing, and beginning of history and Civilization about 6000 years ago. Temples pyramid structures called Ziggurats -
Babylon Hammurabis code - first written laws 7 Wonders of the World: Hanging Gardens, Tower of BabbleJewish enslavement by Nebbacaneza
Egypt United kingdom along the Nile River. Yearly flooding makes for great farming. Relative peace. Result - great building!!
India Indus River Valley - Rocky geography, more irrigation needed, isolated areas local ruleInvaded by Aryan India adopts their religion foundations of Hinduism
China Yellow River. Surrounded by ocean, desert, Jungle and mountains, Isolated from world.Middle Kingdom - Center of Universe distain for outside world. Most ethnocentricMandate (authority) of Heaven God gives permission to rule, must rule in the interest of people or lose mandate
Middle Ages 500 1300 Western and Eastern Europe, The Middle East and the CrusadesTerms and People
feudalism Manorialismvassal feudal contract fief knight chivalry manor serf sacrament Benedictine Rule secular papal supremacy canon law
excommunication friar St. Francis of Assisi Constantinople Justinian Justinians Code/ The Corpus Juris Civilis, autocrat a sole ruler with absolute powerRobert the Monk -Urban the 2nd -Alexius the 1st -JerusalemChurch of the Holy SeplicureDome of the RockWestern/Wailing WallIconHagia SophiaJustinianTheodora
Key Questions and Concepts
1-Know how the fall of Rome and its central government led to the Dark Ages2-Explain how feudalism shaped medieval society.3-Analyze how the economic system of the manor worked and how it affected peasants and nobles4-Why under Feudalism was their much fighting and confusion5-Explain how the Church shaped medieval life.6-Understand monastic life and the influence of medieval monks and nuns.7-Analyze how the power of the Church grew during the middle Ages 8-Describe the situation of Jews in medieval Europe.9-Show the secular and church social and political hierarchy10-In what ways did the Church contribute to a lack of knowledge during the Dark Ages11-Understand why Constantinople became known as the New Rome.12-Summarize the ways in which the Byzantine Empire flourished under Justinian.13-Analyze how Christianity in the Byzantine Empire differed from Christianity in the West.14-Explain why the Byzantine Empire collapsed, and examine the empires lasting heritage.15-Be able to compare and contrast art of the Western Empire with that of the Byzantine Empire16-Be able to compare and contrast Church architecture between the Western and Eastern Empire17-Give three reasons Alexius the 1st requested help from Urban the 2nd18-Know Urban the 2nd motives for helping Alexius19-Why was Jerusalem so important to Christians, Muslims and Jews20-Be able to analyze why Urban the 2nd speech was so effective21-Describe at least 3 benefits one would get if they went on the Crusade22-What crimes were committed during the Peasant Crusade?23-What was the outcome of the first crusade?24-Be able to describe why 7 Crusades over 200 years still affect us today
KabbaDome of the RockMedinaQuranSharia5 PillarsHajj"People of the book"RevelationProphetSunniShiiteImamCaliphCaliphateMahdiMecca
Rise of Islam and Islamic Empires Part 1 Study SheetTerms/People and Places
1. Who were the Bedouins? Where were they located? Why did they fight so often?2. What two instances showed Mohammad as a uniter?3. How did Islam differ from Bedouin's previous religion?4. Why did monotheism unite the Bedouins and other followers?5. What was the moral and ethical component to Islam6. Why did the Mecca's kick Mohammad out of Mecca7. Describe the war between Mohammad and the Meccan's why was Mohammad able to win?8. What did Mohammad do when he captured Mecca that was surprising?9. Why did Mohammad destroy the towns idols.10. What is the Kabba, Where is it located?11 What was its importance before and after Islam11. Describe the Five Pillars12. Describe Mohammad's Midnight Journey13. Why does this Mohammad's ride tie Jerusalem to Islam?14. Why is the Dome of the Rock second holiest site in Islam?15. What is Sharia Law? Why is it controversial today?16. What was the cause for split or schism resulting in the Sunni and Shiite17. What groups make up the Sunni and Shiite. Who is in the majority today?18. What were two major contributions to Islam made by Abu Bkar following Muhhmad's death?19. Describe Mosque architecture. What influences for Byzantium can be found?20. What is the highest form of Islam art and why. Why is poetry so revered?21. Why are there no animals humans or landscapes in Islam art?
Split in Islam
Sunnis Believed any wise devout Muslim can be Caliph 85 percent of modern Islam (worldwide)Shiite Believe the Caliph should be based on blood 15 percent of modern Islam Mostly centered line to Muhammad in Iran/Iraq and Syria
1. What was the reason for ambiguity for the legitimate successor to Muhammad? Muhammad had no sons and left no instructions for his successor
2. What is the importance of Abu Bakr? He reunited Arab tribes under Islam an