HINDUISM BUDDHISM CONFUCIANISM TAOISM Early Religions JUDAISM

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<ul><li><p>HINDUISMBUDDHISMCONFUCIANISMTAOISMEarly ReligionsJUDAISM</p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews </p><p>The One God</p><p>MonotheisticYahweh = Hebrew for god Omniscient- Knows all/ Omnipresent= all places/ Omnipotent = all powerfulCreated Nature and everything in it. Created Humans in His image. Idea that earth was created for the Humans. Seen as a Father Figure to the Humans. Thus is a loving god who wants the best for His children, but can be vengeful if they dont live up to his expectations. Different then all other gods at the time, he was not as interested in controlling nature but in controlling Human behavior. Morals. Humans doing what is right and what is wrong. Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. Which of the above explain Hebrew view towards the environment? How might that be controversial today? </p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews THECOVENANTAgreement between God and the Hebrew PeopleHebrews are Chosen People-They were the only ones in F.C. that believed in Him. Thus they get this special deal. If you follow His laws and have faith in Him, then you get: All things possible and taken care. Heaven on Earth : When all Hebrews were living according to Gods law Heaven will come to earth. Messiah He would send a Savior to let people know when it was about to happen. Judgment Day: All the peoples of the earth will be judged whether or not they get to stay in Heaven. Resurrection: Those who had died waiting for heaven will be rebornAfterlife: Where are those people in the mean time? Unclear! Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews The Covenant</p><p>Promised LandIn the meantime (while waiting for everyone) as long as the Hebrews are trying to live by law they would get a homeland of their own. Abraham took people to Canaan Modern country of Israel. How does this information explain the cause of modern conflict between Israel and Palestine today? How has that shaped the War on Terror? </p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews Gods Law</p><p>Influenced by Hammurabis Code: People are best managed if have rules defined with consequences for following them. </p><p>Revealed Through Prophets- people who spoke with or through God</p><p>Abram- Original Covenant</p><p>Moses 10 CommandmentsWorship no other/Covet neighbors property/steal/ kill/ honor parents/ use Lords name in vain/ adultery/ false idols/ observe Sabbath/ false witness</p><p>Later Prophets and Laws (613)Bris - CircumcisionKashrut- Food Laws Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews The Word of God</p><p>ProphetsTorah - Books of Moses 1st 5 booksNeviim- Books of later ProphetsRabbis - TeachersTalmud Their interpretations of laws</p></li><li><p>Applying Beliefs to Historical Events</p><p>EventReward or Punishment? Hebrew actions that lead to the eventExplanation of law and consequence Abraham is given Canaan as their promise landHebrews are enslaved in EgyptHebrews are lost in the Sinai desert for 40 years</p><p>Hebrews are given the KinHebrews are deported and held captive in Babylon</p></li><li><p>Hebrews and the Modern world. Occupation of the Kingdom</p><p>The Diaspora</p><p>Zionism and the creation of Modern Israel. Nebuchadnezzer allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem. Since then, Jews have lived in Palestine and Jerusalem but always under the rule of others. Persians, Romans, Arabs, Turks</p><p>Roman rule forced many Jews to spread West. More eventually lived in Europe then in Israel. Eventually migrated to North America as well. </p><p>Wherever they lived they were punished with persecutions. 1890 movement to return to Israel and establish their Promised LandLand was a British colony occupied by Muslim Palestinians</p></li><li><p>Hebrews and the Modern world. Zionism and the creation of Modern Israel. British agreed to allow Jewish people to move to Palestine and begin establishing new homes. At first no huge tension with Palestinians because populations were smallAfter Holocaust, Jewish Population in Palestine began to skyrocket caused tension with Palestinians. England asked United Nations to help. U.S. proposed plan to split land into two nations Israel and Palestine. Palestinians with other Arab nation allies attacked Israel. Israel claimed most land that was supposed to be Palestine. War has been going on in various forms ever since. U.S. has been Israels biggest ally </p></li><li><p>How have the Chosen People adapted to living with the rest of the Modern World? Orthodox- The way it has always been done!18% - Tend to segregate selves from other groups. Remain Chosen People through non assimilation. </p><p>Conservative: Keep it as traditional as possiblediscourage assimilation but not as strict as Orthodox could marry into if perform correct ceremonies</p><p>Reform: Change things to meet changing times: Assimilation is fine all people who believe in God are Chosen people. </p><p>Non Practicing : Are Jewish by ancestry but dont follow the religion3 Branches of Judaism todayHow might each different branch of Judaism differ in their opinion of how you achieve your goal? </p></li><li><p>Who were the Hindus and what early events shaped their culture? Who created Hinduism</p><p>When was it started</p><p>Where was it started</p><p>What are the major writings of Hinduism?</p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of the Hindus The Hindu View on Nature</p><p>Hindu godsTwo elements of life, Matter and Energy (Brahma)Universal: Its everywhere, and everything in made of the same thingEternal : Life is a never ending cycle</p><p>Monotheistic God BrahmLife as a dreamPolytheistic: millions of gods who represent manifestations of BrahmanTrimurti: Brahma The Creator Vishnu- The protector Siva The DestroyerIdentify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>What is the Hindu goal in life. Increasing your Atman</p><p>Achieve Moksha</p><p>Atman is the amount of Brahman you have in this life The more atman have higher life form you are and vice versaWhat you are in this life is based on your collection of atman in your last lifeGoal is to gain atman but you can lose it. The more atman you have, the more you are capable of. When you die, body will be reincarnated</p><p>Ultimately want to be reunited with Brahm (become everything) known as MokshaMoksha is more about the journey then the destinationIdentify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>How do you gain Atman to achieve MokshaAhimsaKarma Yoga</p><p>Caste System(Varna)</p><p>Jnana YogaBhakti YogaRaja Yoga</p><p>Non Violence - - Atman you take is the Atman you will loseDo what you are supposed to do with your life: DharmaBased on your Varna</p><p>Brahmins: Priest Class. Highest forms of humans, Chetriyans: Ruling/Warrior ClassViashyas: Middle Class, highly specialized jobsSudras: Working classUntouchables: Poor, homeless, jobless, Non HindusMeditation and prayer</p><p>Honoring of certain gods</p><p>Recitation of certain Mantras (sounds) Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>How was Buddhism founded? Siddharta GuatamaWho was he?WhenWhereWhat did he want to know about suffering? Whow did he try to find enlightenment? </p><p>Questions? </p></li><li><p>What are the basic beliefs of Buddhist See Chart</p><p>The right way to follow the 8 Fold PathLive a life of moderation avoid extremes</p><p>Your inner energy (spirit, Atman) gives you ability to do what you doCan be grown and manipulated</p><p>Four Noble Truths</p><p>8 Fold Path</p><p>The Middle Way</p><p>Chi1. LIFE IS SUFFERING2. SUFFERING IS CAUSED BY DESIRE3. THE END OF SUFFERING IS NIRVANA4. NIRVANA IS REACHED BY FOLLOWING THE 8 FOLD PATH</p></li><li><p>VIEWSRESOLVESSPEECHCONDUCT EFFORTLIVELIHOODRECOLLECTIONMEDITATIONTO HAVE THE RIGHT:HOME</p></li><li><p>Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? </p><p>Think of your H o M goal. How would Buddhists explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>How have the early beliefs of Buddhism changed? </p><p>Principle beliefMahayanaTheravadaZenWho belongsPractices</p></li><li><p>How do we know about Confucius beliefs? What are their sacred books?</p><p>Who wrote them?</p><p> When were they written? </p></li><li><p>What did Confucius say caused suffering?The Problem with time. </p><p>Ritual, Ritual, Ritual</p><p>Problem with life was timePresent not good but the past was. People bent on speeding into the future.Past was good and could be learned fromNeed to harmonize past with future to make present better.</p><p>Use Rituals to reharmonize past with future by doing everything the exact same way everyday.Avoid suffering by doing same thing same way every time.</p><p>Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Confucianists explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p>How did Confucius say you could end suffering? </p><p>The 5 Relationships</p><p>Whose responsibility it is to teach each other the proper rituals</p><p>The approved social order that must be obeyed by strict rules.Superiors job to guide the inferiorInferiors job to overthrow the superior if they dont do their job.Extremely sexist system (but it had reasons for its time, causes problems today though.) Identify the parts of the information above that would motivate people towards achieving goals? Think of your H o M goal. How would Confucianists explain that the above information could help you in achieving your goal. </p></li><li><p> SUPERIOR INFERIOR RULER RULED FATHER SON OLDER BROTHER YOUNGER BROTHER HUSBAND WIFE FRIEND FRIEND</p></li></ul>