hazardous materials & wastes
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DESCRIPTIONHAZARDOUS MATERIALS & WASTES. Knowledge of the proper procedures in the special handling, use, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials and wastes. JOINT COMMISSION REGULATIONS. Hazardous materials and waste : - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS & WASTESKnowledge of the proper procedures in the special handling, use, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials (hazmats) and wastes.
JOINT COMMISSION REGULATIONSHazardous materials and waste:Handling, use, and storage are guided or defined by local, state, or federal regulation Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Regulations for Bloodborne Pathogens regarding the disposal of blood and blood-soaked items; Nuclear Regulatory Commission's regulations for the handling and disposal of radioactive wasteOther, hazardous vapors (e.g., gluteraldehyde, ethylene oxide, nitrous oxide), and hazardous energy sources (for example, ionizing or non-ionizing radiation, lasers, microwave, ultrasound).
JOINT COMMISSION REGULATIONSHazardous Energy SourcesIonizing or non-ionizing radiation, lasers, microwave, ultrasoundThe Joint Commission considers infectious wastes falling into this category of materials (Hazardous Waste)Federal regulations do not define infectious or medical waste as hazardous waste
TYPES OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALSINFECTIOUS SUBSTANCESSome infectious substances (such as some viruses) can be transmitted by blood and other body fluids, equipment, containers, paper goods, glassware, linens and by people.
RADIOACTIVE MATERIALSThese require special handling techniques to prevent exposure to personnel and visitors.
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS AND GASESFor example, chemicals, such as ether or alcohol, can burn or explode.
TOXIC CHEMICALSA person may be exposed over a long period of time before effects are noticed.
ROUTES OF ENTRYAbsorption- soaks through skinInhalation- you breath it; most commonIngestion- you eat itInjection- puncture wound
REMEMBERMany hazmats are odorless, colorless and tastelessYou may be exposed before you know itApproach safely
OSHA Hazard CommunicationUpdate OSHA has adopted Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS); What is itor is Not?
This is not a new Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standardIts a revision to the existing OSHA Hazard Communications Standard/Right-To-Know LawThe United Nations system of labeling classification of chemicals
Implemented to improve worker understanding of labels and safety data sheets
The three years from 12/1/2013 to 6/1/2016 will be considered a transition phaseManufacturers, employers and end users work to meet the new requirements of the revised standard
GHS Major ChangesContainer LabelingClassification and hazard identification of chemicalsSafety Data Sheet (SDS), formerly known as Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), format and content
GHS What will Not ChangeWe still have to keep chemical inventories
We still have to maintain safety data sheets
We still have to train new people on the potential hazards of what they will be working with
We still have to maintain our records for 30 years, per OSHA
Labels Are Required to have:
PictogramsSignal WordsHazard StatementPrecautionary StatementsProduct IdentifierSupplier IdentificationSupplemental Information (as required)
GHS PictogramsNine pictograms will be utilized in identifying hazards of ALL chemicals
Each chemical will have AT LEAST one pictogram, often multiple pictograms to visually convey the hazards associated with it
We need to be familiar with the meaning(s) of each pictogram Labels and safety data sheets will not always include that information, understanding these is criticalRadiological & Environmental Management (REM) will provide pictogram reference cards to post in work areas for future reference
Labels Signal Words Describe the Severity of a Hazard
DangerThis is reserved for the more severe hazards
WarningThis is used on less severe hazards
If there is no significant hazard, a signal word wont be used
Labels Hazard StatementsPhrases that describe the nature of the hazard:
Examples:Highly flammable liquid and vaporMay cause liver and kidney damageFatal if swallowed
Labels Examples of PPE Pictograms
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)These are chemical fact sheets that contain all the information an employee would need to know about a hazardous chemical
Keep current MSDS available until new SDS are received. Archive old MSDS as new SDS are collected.
Each SDS is broken down into 16 universal sections
Sections 1 - 11 will be of most concern
GHS Action PlanChemical containers, bottles, etc. will begin to arrive with the newly-formatted labels. These new labels will include more information than ever before. Read them thoroughly to get used to the new format and content, even if its not the first time youve used the product.Be sure you understand the meanings of the pictograms that will appear on the labels. REM will have laminated cards available, or an online resource such as the OSHA website, to check if you are unsure of what something means.
GHS Action PlanYou must keep any MSDS you already have
Watch for new GHS-compliant (16-section) SDS to arriveThey may come from the manufacturer or distributor with a shipment of the products you orderYou may go online or contact the manufacturer yourself to get itReplace old MSDS with new SDS in the active binder along with your current chemical inventory. Archive old MSDS for 30 years. SDS may not be available right away from all manufacturers.
YOUR ATTITUDE --- AND ACTIONS --- COUNT!You must want to do your job safely and you must understand and use safe practices and methods. Thats what being part of an effective safety team is all about!
KNOW THE POTENTIAL HAZARDSIn each area of the facility where you work:Observe signsTake precautions when entering an area identified as hazardousKnow whats inside a container before you handle it!
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)GlovesGogglesMasksRespiratorGownsApronsFootwearGood hygiene
IN CASE OF SMALL SPILLS
Act QuicklyContain the spillWear PPENotify proper personnel
BE SURE TO WASH YOUR HANDSBefore entering or leaving the work areaBefore and after contact with a patientAfter handling items such as bedpans, dressings, etc.After removing glovesAfter using the toilet, blowing your nose or covering a sneezeBefore eating, drinking or handling food or smoking
PREVENT INJURIES FROM SHARPSLet falling objects fallPractice safe handling techniquesDont reach into containersDispose of sharps carefully
IMPORTANT TIPSTake training seriouslyAvoid taking shortcutsReport unsafe conditionsKnow emergency procedures
*This is the requirement.it is difficult to avoid hazardous waste in our everyday lives.*Big long JCAHO definition of Hazardous materials and waste.*Preventing exposures**Bottom line.PPE keeps you safe..use it appropriately..violation may be grounds for disciplinary action