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  • 1. Some Types of Grey Literature: a Polish Context Dr Marek Nahotko Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 1
  • 2. What is GL? Different terms used to define GL Low uniformity of GL as a group Some features possible to enumerate to describe GL as a group: difficult to identify, to access, to locate; limited editions; inaccessible in bookstores; no bibliographic registration; absent in library and publishers catalogues; unpublished; fast distribution. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 2
  • 3. What is GL? Two criteria for distinguish it: n Scope: government, scientific, technological or business publications; n Type of publisher: non-commercial, publishing is not their main form of activity. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 3
  • 4. GL in Poland by OPI 1. Reports: scientific, technical, economic, social etc. 2. Conference materials (unpublished) 3. Standards and technical recommendations 4. Unpublished translations 5. Small edition, local journals 6. Official documents 7. Technical, promotion and advertising documentation 8. Documents in an electronic form 9. Materials for MSP enterprises 10. Underground (prohibited) literature GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 4
  • 5. GL in Poland: chosen types Prohibited (underground) literature, especially 1939-1945 and 1946-1989; Materials for small business for technology transfer; Unpublished translations into polish; Small journals of local importance. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 5
  • 6. Criteria for description The adequacy of the definition mentioned; Origin; Role for users; Local importance; Level of greyness; Organization and accessibility. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 6
  • 7. Prohibited (underground) literature 1 Adequacy of the definition: n Not produced by government, business, nor industry n Used to fight against official government bodies n As such, it was anti-governmental literature and in a sense can be treated as associated with official bodies. n Published by non-publisher institutions. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 7
  • 8. Prohibited (underground) literature 2 Origin: n German occupation (1939-1945): underground polish state. n Output of about 1500 books and brochures n Communist period (1946-1989): full state control of paper and equipment distribution; registers of prohibited authors; definition of content and edition by censors GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 8
  • 9. 1939-1945 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 9
  • 10. Aut.: St. Miedza-Tomaszewski (1943) GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 10
  • 11. 1982 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 11
  • 12. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 12
  • 13. Prohibited (underground) literature 3 Role for users n Role changes with years: from arms of actual political fight to historical, museal objects now. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 13
  • 14. Prohibited (underground) literature 4 Local importance n Bibliophile character n Circulation for scientific and editorial purposes n Stored in a specially protected collections (deteriorating state) GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 14
  • 15. Prohibited (underground) literature 5 Level of greyness n Different forms: books, brochures, journals, leaflets, posters, caricatires n Amateurish typography n Difficult access n Lack of bibliographic control GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 15
  • 16. Prohibited (underground) literature 6 Organization and accessibility n Biggest collections in Warsaw National Library and Cracow Jagiellonian Library; n No complete collection; n Bibliography for 1939-1945 period published by NL Warsaw; n Database of second circulation publications in JL Cracow. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 16
  • 17. Small business 1 Adequacy of the definition: n Business and technical applications n Publishers are often non-commercial, for whom it is not a basic type of cativity n There is a good adequacy of the definition. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 17
  • 18. Small business 2 Origin: n Made by governmental, scientific, industrial bodies; n Different types of documents: reports, conference materials, doctor and master theses, sale and trade catalogues, experts reports and translations. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 18
  • 19. Small business 3 Role for users n Information about companies, institutions and organizations; n Information about markets; n Information about finances; n Information about products and services; n General information about economy, political changes etc. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 19
  • 20. Small business 4 Local importance n Special role of MSP in Poland: Employment Production Big Big Middle Middle Small Small GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 20
  • 21. Small business 5 Level of greyness Materials used during MSP activities Grey literature Y/N Research and conferences reports Y Doctor and master thesis Y Patents and standards N Expert evaluations Y Translations Y Yearly reports of joint-stock companies Y Textbooks, handbooks N Journals N Sale and trade catalogues Y Prospectus Y Advertising leaflets Y Companies address books Y GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 21
  • 22. Small business 6 Organization and accessibility n Necessity for a system of grey lit for MSP; n Plans of the system in polish OPI (named POLSIGLE). GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 22
  • 23. Unpublished translations 1 The adequacy of the definition n Our interest narrowed to areas of technology, economics, organization, government activity; n Translations are not published by owing institutions. GL9 GL9, Antwerp, Dec. 10-11, 2007 23
  • 24. Unpublished translations 2 Origin n Prepared by units of central administration, science, foundations ect. n Need for experienced translators n Market taken by commercial enterprises GL9 GL9, Antwer

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