greek mythology

Download greek mythology

Post on 28-Nov-2014




2 download

Embed Size (px)


you can see about the greek olympians and greek monsters :) .. .greek gods


  • 1.

2. 3. Theking of the gods , the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, weather, thunder, law, order, and fate. He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea , whom he overthrew afterCronus swallowed his brothers and sisters and he is brother-husband to Hera . His usual attributes are the royal scepter and the lightning bolt, and his sacred animals are the eagle and the bull. 4. Queen of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings and empires. She is the wife of Zeus and daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was usually depicted as a beautiful woman wearing a crown and veil and holding a royal, lotus-tipped staff. Her sacred animals are the heifer, the lion, the peacock, and the cuckoo. 5. The goddess of wisdom, warfare, battle strategy, heroic endeavour, handicrafts and reason. According to most traditions, she was born from Zeus's head fully formed and armored. She was depicted crowned with a crested helm, armed with shield and a spear. Her symbols include the olive tree. She is commonly shown accompanied by her sacred animal, the owl. 6. The god of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, earthquakes, and the creator of horses; known as the "Earth Shaker". He is a son of Cronus and Rhea and brother to Zeus and Hades . In classical artwork, he was depicted as a mature man of sturdy build with a dark beard, and holding a trident . The horse and the dolphin are sacred to him. 7. King of the Underworld and god of the dead and the hidden wealth of the Earth. His consort is Persephone and his attributes are the key of Hades, the Helm of Darkness, and the three-headed dog, Cerberus . The screech owl was sacred to him. Despite being the son of Cronus and Rhea and the elder brother of Zeus, as a chthonic god he is only rarely listed among the Olympians. The name Pluto became more common in the Classical period with the mystery religions and Athenian literature. 8. The goddess of agriculture, horticulture, grain and harvest. Demeter is a daughter of Cronusand Rhea and sister of Zeus , by whom she bore Persephone . She was depicted as a mature woman, often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and a torch. Her symbols are the Cornucopia (horn of plenty), wheat-ears, the winged serpent and the lotus staff. Her sacred animals are pigs and snakes. 9. Virgin goddess of the hearth, home and cooking. She is a daughter of Rhea and Cronus and sister of Zeus. She was depicted as a modestly veiled woman, whose symbols are the hearth and kettle. In some accounts, she gave up her seat as one of the Twelve Olympians to tend to the sacred flame on Mount Olympus for Dionysus . 10. Virgin goddess of the hunt, wilderness, wild animals, childbirth and plague. In later times she became associated with the moon. She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto , and twin sister of Apollo . In art she was usually depicted as a young woman dressed in a short knee-lengthchiton and equipped with a hunting bow and a quiver of arrows. In addition to the bow, her attributes include hunting spears, animal pelts, deer and other wild animals. Her sacred animals are deer, bears, and wild boars. 11. The god of music, healing, plague, prophecies, poetry, and archery; associated with light, truth and the sun. He is Artemis 's twin brother and Hermes elder brother, and son of Zeus and Leto . He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including a laurel wreath, bow and quiver, raven , and lyre . Animals sacred to Apollo include dolphins, roe deer , swans, cicadas, hawks, ravens, crows and snakes. 12. he god of war, bloodlust, violence, manly courage, and civil order. The son of Zeus and Hera , he was depicted as either a mature, bearded warrior dressed in battle arms, or a nude beardless youth with helm and spear. His attributes are golden armour and a bronze-tipped spear. His sacred animals are the vulture, venomous snakes, alligators, and dogs. 13. Crippled god of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry, sculpture and volcanism. He was usually depicted as a bearded man holding hammer and tongsthe tools of a smithand riding a donkey. His symbols are the hammer, tongs, and anvil . His sacred animals are the donkey, the guard dog and the crane. When he was born, he was thrown off of Mount Olympus by Hera as he was considered ugly. 14. The goddess of love and beauty. Although married to Hephaestus she had many lovers, most notably Ares . She was depicted as a beautiful woman usually accompanied by her son Eros . Her symbols include the rose, scallop shell, and myrtle wreath. Her sacred animal is the dove. 15. The god of travel, messengers, trade, thievery, cunning wiles, language, writing, diplomacy, athletics, and animal husbandry. He is the messenger of the gods, a psychopomp who leads the souls of the dead into Hades ' realm, and the son of Zeus and Maia . He was depicted either as a handsome and athletic beardless youth, or as an older bearded man. His attributes include the herald's wand or caduceus , winged sandals, and a traveler's cap. His sacred animals are the tortoise, the ram, and the hawk. 16. The god of wine, parties and festivals, madness, drunkenness and pleasure at forever young. He was depicted in art as either an older bearded god or a pretty effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes include the thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup, grape vine, and a crown of ivy . Animals sacred to him include dolphins, serpents, tigers, panthers, and donkeys. A later addition to the Olympians, in some accounts he replaced Hestia. 17.

  • Ten monsters featured in Greek Mythology

18. Minotaur

  • Half man, half bull
  • Caged in the palacelabyrinthon the island of Crete. Because the minotaur only ate the flesh of humans, King Minos demanded the sacrifice of 14 Athenian men and women every nine years.

19. Medusa and the Gorgons

  • Monstrous woman with hair of snakes. Would turn those that made eye contact with her to stone.
  • Born beautiful, seduced by Poseidon. Jealous Athena turned her into a monster.
  • She is mortal.
  • Perseus killed her by looking at her reflection in his shield.
  • Her sisters the gorgons were also hideous to see.

... 20. ECHIDNA

  • Half woman, Half serpent
  • Lived in a cave and lured men with her beauty, and then she ate them!
  • Mother of many monsters. Her children were Cerbereus, Ladon, the Hydra, the Chimaera, the Nemean Lion, the gorgons, and the Sphinx.

21. Furies (Erinyes)

  • Seekers of vengeance
  • Tracked down murderers and other criminals. Especially concerned with crimes against parents.
  • Bat winged beings with snakes entwined in their hair and arms and waists, carrying torches and whips while hunting their victims.
  • Alecto (unceasing anger), Tisiphone (avenger of murder), Megaira (the jealous one) were their names.

22. Chimaera

  • Body of lion, with a goats head protruding from the side and a tail of a serpent.
  • This deadly monster was believed to vomit fire
  • Hercules sent to kill the beast.

23. Satyrs

  • Half man, half goat.
  • Playful creatures, often helpful to the God Dionysus.
  • Satyr named Pan was most well known. Created Pan Flute. 24. The Fates (Moirai)

  • Three sisters who determined the fate of mortals at birth.
  • Klotho spins the thread of life.
  • Lakhesis determines the length of thread spreading joy and sorrow.
  • Atropos cuts the thread to determine the time of death.
  • Also determined good or evil.

25. Argus

  • 100 eyes covered his body.
  • Servant of Hera sent to guard Io, after Zeus turned her into a cow.
  • Slain by Hermes.
  • Hera honored him by placing his eyes on the feathers of the Peacock, her symbolic animal.

26. Cerberus

  • The watchdog of Hades, eating living mortals who tried to enter, and prevented spirits of the dead from escaping.
  • 3 heads (for the past, present, and future.)
  • Dragons tail and sometimes a mane of snakes.
  • Can be found on the banks of the river Styx.

27. Centaurs

  • Half-man, half horse
  • Known to be wild.
  • Chiron (most well known) was immortal, intelligent, wise, a healer, protector of youth, teacher of heroes.

28. Procrustes

  • Tortured travelers on his one size fits all bed.
  • He would stretch people who were too short and chop of limbs of those that hung off the bed.
  • Theseus killed him on the bed on his way to Athens.

29. The Hydra

  • Nine headed dragon like beast.
  • When one of the heads is cut off two heads regenerate in its place.
  • Lived in Lerna.

30. Scylla

  • Water beast with 12 feet, 6 heads, 3 rows of teeth in each head
  • Below the waist she was hideous animals like constantly barking dogs
  • Would eat sailors that passed through narrow channel
  • Bathed in poisonous waters that turned her into a monster. (Circe)
  • Glaucus loved her.

31. Charybdis Daughter of Poseidon Zeus punished her for stealing Herculess cattle. Flooded lands to enlarge her dads kingdom Lives on one side on narrow channel Swallows huge amounts of water and sea vessels in a whirlpool, and then regergita