Greek Gods and Goddesses Begin note for classical Greece

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Greek Gods and Goddesses Begin note for classical Greece Slide 2 Greek Gods and Goddesses Greek people believed that the Gods and Goddesses controlled nature. These deities controlled every aspect of a person life. If a person were to anger the Gods, they would be subject to his or her wrath for the rest of their life. These Gods and Goddesses lived on Mt. Olympus. Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Limited Power Greek gods and Goddesses were not all powerful. Even thought these Gods and Goddesses had special powers, they looked like humans, they married, and they even had children. They also fought wars and played tricks on each other. Slide 9 Sacrifices Most of the Greek people decided that they would like to stay in the favor of the Gods and Goddesses. Therefore, they needed to offer the Gods sacrifices. The sacrifices would be made at a temple that was made specifically for that God. Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 ZEUS Zeus was king of all of the Gods He was also the God of the sky, rain, and lightning He also ruled over all of Mt. Olympus Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Hades Hades was God of the underworld Slide 20 Hades Hades was God of the underworld He was the brother of Zeus and Poseidon He was the husband of beautiful Persephone He was the owner of human souls Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Aphrodite Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty She was the wife of Hephaestus Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 ORACLE AT DELPHI The Greeks believed that each person had a fate or destiny. They also believed that certain people could prophesy about the future of other people. One of the most famous was the Oracle At Delphi. She was located at the Temple of Apollo. Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 ORACLE AT DELPHI CONT. The Oracle was a woman who sat deep inside the temple in a room where steam hissed from the earth. She sat on a special tripod and listened to questions. Then the priest would interpret her answers. She frequently gave answers in the form of riddles. Many heads of states would send envoys to seek her council. Slide 34 Slide 35 Slide 36 Slide 37 Slide 38 Slide 39 Greek Poetry and Fables Greek poems ad stories are some of the oldest in the world. The earliest of these is called an epic. These epics were long poems telling of heroes of old and great battles. Homer wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey, about the war between Troy and Mycenaea. Slide 40 Slide 41 Slide 42 Slide 43 Slide 44 Aesop and his Fables A Greek slave named Aesop began to write his now famous fables around 550 B.C. Each one of the fables ends with a moral or a lesson. One of the most famous is The Tortoise and the Hair. Slide 45 Slide 46 Slide 47 Greek Philosophers The word philosophy means love of knowledge. Many Greek thinkers believed that the human mind could understand everything on earth and in the heavens. These people were called Philosophers. Most of these philosophers were also teachers. Slide 48 PYTHAGORAS Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher and mathematician. He came up with the Pythagorean Theorem A+B=C Slide 49 Slide 50 Sophist The sophist were teachers in the ancient Greece. They traveled from city to city teaching people. They said there was no absolute right or wrong. Slide 51 Socrates Socrates was originally a sculptor who loved philosophy. He did not like the Sophist. He invented the Socratic method. He was put to death by the Athenian leaders Slide 52 Slide 53 Plato Plato was a student of Socrates. He put forth many ideas about government in his book called the Republic. He also believed that men and women should be very close to equal. He also established a school called the Academy Slide 54 REPUBLIC Plato said government should be set up in levels Philosopher kings and rulers Warriors Everyone else. Slide 55 Aristotle Aristotle attended Platos Academy. He opened his own school called Lycenum. He wrote more than 200 books. He also came up with the golden mean. Slide 56 Herodotus He wrote the history of the Persian Wars. He is considered the father of history. He thought that the Gods played a huge role in the course of wars. Slide 57 Thucydides Thucydides fought in the Peloponnesian Wars. He stressed the idea of having accurate facts. He saw war as the act of humans and politics, not Gods. Slide 58 Review Who is the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi? Who is Zeus and where did he live? Who is Aphrodite? Who is Hades and where did he live? What is a philosopher? Name three philosophers and what they contributed </p>