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Gallipoli Campaign Commemoration
Sunday 26th April 2015
Brendon Farrell, Enfield Royal British Legion
To mark the 100th Anniversary of the start of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War, Enfield Council held a ceremony in the Memorial Garden in Broomfield Park in Palmers Green on Sunday 26th April 2015. History of the Gallipoli Campaign Although Gallipoli is thought of as mainly involving Australian and New Zealand troops many other nations took part. One local man described to the Southgate Recorder that the troops were truly international with English, Irish, Welsh, Scots, French, Jews, Indian and Senegalese as well as the Anzac (https://enfieldatwar.wordpress.com/). Gallipoli Casualties
Country Wounded & Missing Deaths
Australia 18500 8195
New Zealand 5150 2431
British Empire ** excluding Anzacs 198000 22000
France 23000 27000
Ottoman Empire (Turkey) 109042 57084
By 1915 the situation on the Western Front was a stalemate. Churchill hoped to break the stalemate by forcing Germany to fight on two fronts. By capturing Gallipoli on the western side of the Dardanelles the Allies hoped to remove Turkey from the war and possibly persuade some of the Balkan states to come in on the Allies side. It was originally intended to be a naval operation. The attack began on the 19th February 1915. Bad weather caused it to be abandoned after three battleships were sunk and others damaged. The delay allowed the Turks time to prepare defences and re-inforce their troops.
After this very little progress was made. Anzac Bay was surrounded by steep cliffs which kept the Australian and New Zealand troops penned up on the beach at the mercy of Turkish shells and sharp shooters.
On 25th April troops started to land. The Australian and New Zealand Troops forced a bridgehead at Anzac Bay. The British tried to land at five points around Cape Helles but were only able to establish a foothold on three before having to call for re-enforcements. French troops landed at Kum Kale after launching a feint at Besika Bay.
Conditions were appalling. In summer it was extremely hot and in the winter months freezing cold. There was an inadequate supply of fresh water. It was difficult to bury the bodies of the dead due to the rocky terrain and constant shelling by the Turks. Hot weather and putrefying bodies produced swarms of flies. This and the lack of clean water contributed to the spread of diseases such as dysentery, diarrhoea, and enteric fever. Of 213,000 British casualties 145,000 were from disease.
Jack Maller, New Zealand Army
Sergeant Garnett Arnold Baughan, 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers
Private WP Bryant of the 1st Lancashire Fusiliers from Edmonton
JM Findlay Dickson son of RS Dickson of Palmerston Road
Geoffrey Frangcon-Davies, Honourable Artillery Company
Lance Corporal AG Dring, 2nd Royal Fusiliers
Victor Gadd went down with the Goliath off the Dardanelles
Private SV Loveday, 21st battalion Royal Fusiliers
Corporal William Ernest Miller, son of Daniel & Emily Miller of 6 Allandale Road, Enfield Wash
Sergeant WJ Piggott, 1st London Field Company
Corporal Gordon Robinson, RAMC son of Benjamin and Mary Ann Robinson of 160 Chase
Sub Lieutenant Eric Vyvyan Rice son of Sir William Rice of Grasmere, Bowes Park (one of six brothers serving in the armed forces)
The end came with the evacuation of the ANZAC bridgehead and Suvla Bay (10th-19th December 1915) and the evacuation of Cape Helles (10th December 1915 6th January 1916). We dont know exactly how many local Enfield men were at Gallipoli. We have the names of some of those who died there: Private John Robert Akers, 2nd Royal Fusiliers
Albert Howard Andrews, 6th Lincoln Regiment
Frank Gilderoy Batters
Sergeant Austen Campbell Dent
Private WH Hartridge
Ernest Verrill Nunn
Account of Gallipoli landing by Private Eastaugh from Enfield
Martyn Stogden, North London Brass Cllrs Ali Bakir, Doug Taylor, Joanne Laban, Yasemin Brett and
Brendan Farrell, Enfield Royal British Legion
Consul Mr Murat Nalcaci Turkish Consulate
Captain Ken Semmens, Australian High Commission
Garry Manley New Zealand High Commission Ann Cable, MBE Deputy Lieutenant
Gallipoli Campaign Commemoration
War Memorial Garden in Broomfield Park, Aldermans Hill, London, N13 4RB
Sunday 26th April 2015
Enfield Council will be marking the centenary commemorations of the Gallipoli Campaign in memory of those who died. For Enfield Council this commemoration service provides the opportunity to respect the diverse communities that reside within our borough and to show our commitment to a cohesive society and what it means in terms of tolerance and understanding.
3.00pm Welcome - Cllr Ali Bakir, Mayor of Enfield 3.05pm Cllr Doug Taylor, Leader of Enfield Council 3.15pm Cllr Terry Neville, Leader of the Opposition represented by Cllr Joanne
Laban, Deputy Leader of the Opposition 3.20pm Ann Cable, MBE Deputy Lieutenant 3.30pm Consul Mr Murat Nalcaci, Turkish Consulate 3.40pm Garry Manley, New Zealand High Commission 3.50pm Captain Ken Semmens, Australian High Commission
4.00pm Cllr Yasemin Brett, Cabinet Member Community Organisations 4.05pm Wreath Laying and Almond Tree Planting 4.15pm Last Post and Dip Royal British Legion Standards 4.20pm 2 Minutes Silence and Reveille 4.25pm Royal British Legion March from War Remembrance Garden 4.30pm Refreshments at The Greenery Caf in Broomfield Park
Cllr Ali Bakir Mayor of Enfield Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. My name is Ali Bakir, and I am the Mayor of Enfield. On behalf of the Council, I would like to welcome you and our distinguished guests to the Enfield Gallipoli Commemoration event in memory of all those who lost their lives in Gallipoli one hundred years ago. Todays event not only provides us with an opportunity to remember all of those who fought and died for their countries in 1915, but also to promote greater understanding and community cohesion between Enfields diverse local communities today. I would now like to welcome the leader of Enfield Council, Doug Taylor, to say a few words. Cllr Doug Taylor Leader of Enfield Council Good afternoon everyone. As Leader of the Council I am pleased to welcome you here to this Remembrance Garden to mark one of the saddest memorial occasions. Last year, in this garden, we commemorated the start of the First World War 100 years ago and as we chart significant moments throughout that four-year period of the war I am sure that we will come together again as these events reach their centenaries. Yesterday marked the memorial overlooking the beaches of Gallipoli. In Whitehall at the Cenotaph the Queen led the remembrance. Events in Australia, New Zealand, Turkey and in the UK have been attended by thousands of people. We are joined today by representatives from Turkey, Australia and New Zealand. Gallipoli took the lives of over 100,000 young men. A further 250,000 on each side of the conflict survived; many with devastating injuries. The 1917 parliamentary commission instigating the Campaign concluded that it was fatally compromised - flawed, insufficiently resourced. But that does not prevent us recognizing and appropriately remembering the sacrifices made. An example, but not the only one, of courage of service personnel courage on both sides of the battles giving the ultimate sacrifice for their county. This conflict was in the most inhospitable environments. Flies and vermin flourished and disease spread. Water was in limited supply with ground water too salty for consumption. While 20 litres a day were needed by a frontline troop, only one pint a day was available for ration to UK troops. On the British side nearly 150,000 casualties were due to dysentery, diarrhoea and enteric fever in a campaign destined to be fought in this most inhospitable environment. The close fighting and rocky narrow terrain even prevented the burying of the dead. Even today human bones are still found on the beaches of Gallipoli. Our visitors and the Royal British Legion are here today to take part in a moving ceremony that honours the young people who gave their lives at Gallipoli. Savage fighting lasted nine months and contemporary reports say that the Aegean Sea turned red. And at the end the evacuation by the allies left no change to the course of the war. The military adventure did not deliver its objectives but many tales of valour remain. Today we pay homage to those that died at Gallipoli and indeed throughout World War One but my sadness is that we shall return here as other centenaries are remembered.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk the founder of the Republic of Turkey after the fall of the Ottoman Empire wrote in 1934: Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives.You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side in the country of ours. You, the mothers who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives in this land they have become our sons as well. And on all sides of a conflict war in reality creates loss brothers, sisters, fathers, mothers, sons, daughters. I cannot attempt to match the words of Ataturk but I share the spirit and sentiment. The campaign started in the waters of the Dardanelles and ended with evacuation in the same waters in January 1916. A short but bloody period. It is fitting that we think about Gallipoli in this garden which opened in 1929. It was envisaged as a memorial to those from Southgate who lost their lives in the First World War but sadly it now also displays the names of servicemen and women who died in the Second Word War. Let this garden commemorate two World Wars and thats more than enough. Lest work for world peace and in this borough, with its large Turkish community and many other ethnic groups lets respect and link all of our communities. And today, above all, let us remember those fallen comrades in arms, and those injured in the campaign. To remember, to honour, to learn, and not to repeat. Is the best and fitting tribute we can pay to those who showed courage, valour and gave of themselves often the unlimited sacrifice. Cllr Joanne Laban - Deputy Leader of the Opposition Good Afternoon. This is an important occasion for Enfield and I am pleased to have been invited to say a few words. The centenary of Gallipoli is an anniversary that deserves our attention. What was started there 100 years ago still resonates with people all over the world today. We can only imagine how the news of the mass slaughter of young people on both sides of the conflict affected people at the time. The sudden knowledge that their loved ones would not be coming home or that those who did survive sustained terrible injuries shocked nations at the time. Indeed its memory has haunted world leaders for 100 years. Of course the Gallipoli centenary is not just a national occasion but it is also an international event. It is therefore fitting that we have representatives here today from both the Australian and New Zealand High Commissions. Australian and New Zealand Army Corps also fought and died alongside the British. Many Turkish soldiers also died in the ferocious battles and they too made sacrifices on their side.
Today 100 years later we gather here today to bring some meaning to a terrible military campaign and to honour the memory of the young men and women who took part in it. Ann Cable, MBE Deputy Lieutenant Good afternoon, my name is Ann Cable and I represent Her Majestys Lord-Lieutenant for Greater London. It is an honour to attend here today to remember the hundreds of thousands of people who fought and lost their lives in one of the most savage conflicts of the First World War. Indeed it is said that it was at Gallipoli that the Great War became a World War. The Gallipoli Campaign took place in a quiet, beautiful peninsula in what is now modern day Turkey but a century ago, soldiers came from every continent to fight there and it was a scene of violence, pain and horror, with thousands of men dug into the cliff-sides, smoke and shrapnel filling the air and the dark menacing shapes of warships along the horizon. It was a combined invasion involving all three services working together for the first time as well as the first time submarines were used effectively by the Allies. The Allies and Germany had reached a stalemate on the Western Front and Britain and France thought they could help Russia on the Eastern Front by defeating Germany's Turkish allies and securing the Dardanelles Strait. After a failed naval attack, the Allies tried to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul) by land assault. Troops from Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, India and Newfoundland took part. Although their origins and uniforms were diverse no one on either side was spared the nightmare conditions. Death made no distinction and both sides were united by the horrors and challenges they faced months of shelling and sniper fire, the dreadful diseases that added to the death tolls, the searing summer heat which brought plagues of insects, and in winter, the biting cold, floods and blizzards that many wrote were almost worse than the shelling itself. Finally, the campaign was abandoned. The human cost of the nine months campaign was some half a million casualties and more than 140,000 troops died. The campaign in Gallipoli is a story of appalling sacrifice, bravery, brutality, death, destruction, heroism and loss. This weekend, Her Majesty the Queen and leaders of governments and communities across the world paid their tributes to all those involved in this tragic campaign. We too remember the fallen from all nations, but we must reflect that we also have a shared duty to combat prejudice and injustice and commit to strive for peace and harmony in our community. In this way, we can truly say we have honoured the sacrifice of all those who fought and died on the battlefields of Gallipoli and elsewhere. Consul Mr Murat Nalcaci, Turkish Consulate Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, I would like to take this opportunity to thank organisers of this meaningful event. The First World War le...