Fifty-First Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization (To End of July 1937--With Special Reference to Mechanics, Astronomy and Physics)

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<ul><li><p>Fifty-First Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the Historyof Civilization (To End of July 1937--With Special Reference to Mechanics, Astronomy andPhysics)Author(s): George Sarton and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Feb., 1938), pp. 155-316Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/225834 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 14:12</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ucpresshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=hsshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/225834?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Fifty-first Critical Bibliography of the </p><p>History and Philosophy of Science and of the History </p><p>of Civilization </p><p>(to end of July 1937-with special reference to mechanics, astronomy and physics) </p><p>This fifty-first Bibliography contains about 945 items of which 64 deal with mechanics, astronomy and physics. They have been kindly contributed by the fourteen following scholars belonging to six different countries: C. W. ADAMS (Hertford, England) L. LERoux (Paris) M. F. ASHLEY-MONTAGU (New York.) J. PELSENEER (Brussels) T. L. DAVIS (Cambridge, Mass.) A. PoGo (Washington, D.C.) M. GRAvEs (Washington, D.C.) H. RENAUD (Rabat, Morocco) L. GuiNrr (Brussels) G. SARTON (Cambr., Mass.) C. A. KoFoID (Berkeley, Cal.) P. SERGESCU (Cluj) C. D. LEAKE (San Francisco) E. WICKERSHEIMER (Strasbourg). </p><p>This Bibliography includes as usual a series of addenda and errata to SARTON'S Introduction to the History of Science, vols. i and 2 (Baltimore and London, I927 and I93I). Its purpose and methods have been explained in the preface to the 38th Critical Bibliography (Isis 20, 506-o8). </p><p>I have in my drawers a large number of notes which I will be glad to publish as soon as I have been able to check them upon the originals. </p><p>I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be registered in this bibliography and eventually reviewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science but they will help themselves in the best manner, for they will obtain for their work the most valuable publicity and its certain incorporation into the literature of the subject. </p><p>Many of the notes were checked and the final manuscript and proofs of this Critical Bibliography were kindly read by Dr. M. C. WELBORN. </p><p>Harvard Library, i 85 GEORGE SARTON. Cambridge, Mass. August 13, 1937. </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>156 vth TO ivth CENT. B. C. </p><p>PART I </p><p>FUNDAMENTAL CLASSIFICATION (CENTURIAL) </p><p>Vth Century B.C. </p><p>Bidez, J. A propos des " Perses " d'ESCHYLE. Bulletin de l'Academie royale de Belgique (classe des lettres), seance publique du 5 mai 1937, P. 206-35. ISIS </p><p>Democritos. Fragments and testimonials of antiquity. Edited, with commentaries, by G. K. BAMMEL. 382 P. Moscow, OGIZ, 1935 (in Russian). Isis </p><p>Reviewed by A. P., Isis 26, 456-57, 1937. </p><p>Nilsson, Martin P. Reflexe von dem Durchbruch des Individualismus in der griechischen Religion um die Wende des 5. und 4. Jhts. v. Chr. Melanges Franz Cumont, 365-72, 1936. ISIS </p><p>Schlichting, Th. H. De hippocratische behandeling van inwendige ziekten. Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis der geneeskunde 17, 73-8I, 1937. </p><p>ISIS </p><p>IVth Century B.C. (whole and first half) </p><p>Places, Edouard des. PLATON et l'astronomie chaldeenne. Melanges Franz Cumont, p. 129-42, 1936. IsIs </p><p>"Apres avoir rappe16 les predispositions de PLATON i une influence orientale, puis suivi les traces de cette influence dans son ceuvre et montre, de ce point de vue, l'unite de sa pensee, nous nous sommnes trouve en presence d'un document qui se donne pour le testament spirituel du chef de I'Academie et qui, en meme temps, est une. profession de foi en la religion astrale. Si l'Epinomis n'est pas de PLATON, la question posee dans cet article, celle des rapports de PLATON avec 1'astrolftrie chaldeenne, n'admet qu'une reponse hypothetique. Nous avons, au contraire, essays detablir que la theologie siderale de l'Epinomis prolonge 1'evolution attestee par les Lois, et que, si l'authenticite du dialogue apparait d'ailleurs soutenable, ce dialogue constitue le plus clair temoignage de l'influence que la religion des Chald6ens a pu exercer sur les dernieres annees de PLATON." </p><p>Thieme, Paul. Panini and the Veda studies in the early history </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>ivth (2) TO iiird CENT. B. C. 157 </p><p>of linguistic science in India. XV+132 p. Allahabad, Globe Press, 1935. IsIS </p><p>Elaborate review by L. RENOU, Journal asiatique 2z8, 333-40, I936 (received May I937). </p><p>IVth Century B.C. (second half) </p><p>Einarson, Benedict. ARISTOTLE's Protrepticss and the structure of the Epinomis. Transactions of the American philological association 67, 26I-85, 1936. ISIS </p><p>" The Epinomis is a discussion of the content of ao#&amp;'a resembling the second part of the protreptic in PLATo's Euthydems and the plan laid down in the first book of ARIsToTLE's Metaphysics. With the help of the polemic aganst IsoCRATas contained in the Protrepticus of ARISTOTLE and Metaphysics A and its reflection in the Epinomis it is shown that the Protrepticus and probably the Hlep' OLAoao#'av of ARISTOTLE influenced the Epinomis in its formulation and treatment of the problem discussed. The result is an elucidation of heretofore obscure passages in the Epinomis and new evidence for its unauthenticity." </p><p>Keyser, Cassius Jackson. The role of infinity in the cosmology of EPICURUS. Scripta mathematica 4, 221-40, 2 P1., 1937. Isis </p><p>Senn, G. Die Entwicklung der biologischen Forschungsmethode in der Antike und ihre grundsatzliche F6rderung durch THEOPHRAST VON EREsos. 262 P., port. Aarau, SAUERLXNDER, 1933. ISIS </p><p>Reviewed by C. A. KOFOID, ISiS 27, 68-9, 1937. </p><p>Torrey, Harry Beal; Felin, Frances. Was ARISTOTLE an evolutionist? The quarterly review of biology 12, I-I8, 1937. ISIS </p><p>Careful analysis in which the conclusion is reached that ARIsToiLE wasn't either a cosmic or a racial evolutionist. The scope of the sixty-five references to the article indicate the care with which the study was made. C. D. L. </p><p>IIIrd Century B.C. (whole and first half) </p><p>Leroy, Maurice. La traduction armdnienne d'EUCLIDE. Mdlanges Franz Cumont, p. 785-86I, 1936. ISIS </p><p>" L'id6e de la presente publication nous a &amp;t6 sugg6r6e par M. le Professeur M.-A. KUGwNE qui, s'int6ressant a l'histoire du texte euclid6en et ayant appris par M. N. ADomNZ l'existence d'un fragment de version arm6nienne de ce texte, nous en demanda, voici deux ans, une traduction. C'est d'ailleurs A ce propos que, nous etant mis A l'etude de la lettre odi GR&amp;GoiRE MAGIsTROs, </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>158 iiIrd (Z) TO ISt CENT. B. C. </p><p>prince de 1'esprit autant que grand seigneur entretient son ami SARGIS de ses lectures et de ses travaux personnels - parmi lesquels prend place une traduction d'EucLIDE-- le commentaire de cette lettre nous fournit le sujet d'une autre etude. Depuis, lors d'un passage ^i Pavie, nous eGmes l'occasion de collationner ces pr6cieux restes de la version arm6nienne d'EucLIDE et c'est sur cette base nouvelle que nous rv4ditons aujourd'hui ce petit texte qui forme un chapitre int6ressant de l'histoire des sciences."? tdition du texte armtnien avec traduction latine et notes. Le texte arm6nien peut dater du temps de GRAGOIRE MAGISTROS (XI-I) ou lui etre ant6rieur. Le MS. de Pavie ne paralt gufre ant6rieur au XVe si6cle. G. S. </p><p>IIlrd Century B.C. (second half) </p><p>(Tannery, Paul). Sur l'histoire de la pression hydrostatique. Note inMdite de PAUL TANNERY. Archeion I9, 67-9, 1937. ISIS </p><p>Ist Century B.C. (whole and first half) </p><p>Drabkin, Israel E. Notes on LucRETIus II. 479-82. Classical philology 32, 258-63, 1937. ISIS </p><p>Edelstein, Ludwig. The philosophical system of POSIDONIUS. American journal of philology 57, 286-325, 1936. Isis </p><p>" The interpretation of the Posidonian philosophy changed a good deal with the modification of the method of reconstruction. First, the system was visualized as a Stoic theory influenced more or less by PLATO and ARISTOTLE. POSIDONIUS was believed to be an eclectic thinker of not too great impor ance and individuality. But when the new method of tracing down the influences was introduced, the Posidonian philosophy was regarded as the starting point of Neoplatonism. POSIDONIUS passed for a religious thinker, for the first to connect Oriental and Greek thought. Almost all Greek philosophy of later centuries was based on his work. Finally, POSIDONIUS was characterized as a philosopher whose system is founded on sciences. To him spirit and nature were only two different aspects of the same power; he was a monistic thinker, the first vitalist of antiquity. POSIDONIUS was now considered to be the last Greek philosopher before the beginning of that epoch during which Greek and Oriental thought were united. These three conceptions of Posidonian philosophy stand in opposition to one another. Which of them really represents his system? At the moment, this question cannot be answered."... " It is my aim to attempt the reconstruction of the philosophical system by interpreting the fragments alone, I shall presume only that POSIDONIUS was- a Stoic philosopher, deeply influenced like his teacher PANAETIUS by Platonic and Aristotelian theories. So much is certain. In order to understand the scattered and abbreviated testimonies, it is necessary, therefore, -and advantageous to correlate them to the general Stoic theory as well as sometimes to the philosophy of PLATO and ARISTOTLE." </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>ISt CENT. B. C. (2) TO ISt CENT. (2) I59 </p><p>Sikes, E. E. LUCRETIUS poet and philosopher. Ix+i87 P. Cambridge, University Press, 1936. Isis </p><p>Reviewed by M. F. ASHLEY-MONTAGU, ISiS 27, 70-2, 1I937. </p><p>Ist Century B.C. (second half) </p><p>Jones, Leslie Webber. More about the London Vitruvius. Speculum 12, 257-63, 1937. ISiS </p><p>Ist Century (whole and first half) </p><p>Carruccio, Ettore. Note sul poema astronomico ed astrologico di MANILIO. Archeion i8, 330-49, I fig., 1936 (received I937). ISIS </p><p>Ist Century (second half) </p><p>Bickermann, E. Sur la version vieux-russe de FLAVIUS-JOSiEPHE. Mdlanges Franz Cumont, p. 53-84, 1936. IsIs </p><p>Ekholm, Gunnar. Zur Tacitusforschung. Lychnos 2, 236-42, Uppsala 1937 (in Swedish with German summary). Isis </p><p>Hulme, E. Wyndham. Iron-smelting with lake- and bog-iron ores. Antiquity II, 221, 1937. ISIS </p><p>Footnote to PLINY. G. S. </p><p>Krause, Max. Die Spharik von MENELAOS aus Alexandrien in der Verbesserung von ABfj NASR MANSUR B. 'AL! B. 'IRAQ. Mit Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Textes bei den islamischen Mathematikern. VII+255 P.+IIO p. Arab. (Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu G6ttingen, philologisch-histo- rische KI. Nr. 17). Berlin, WEIDMANN, 1936. Isis </p><p>" Die MENELAos-Forschung fusste bisher fast ausschliesslich auf den lateinischen Obersetzungen, die teils direkt, teils uber das Hebraische aus dem Arabischen geflossen waren, wahrend die fiir uns - da der griechische Urtextverloren gegangen ist - primairen Quellen - namlich die arabischen Obersetzungen, bearbeitungen und Verbesserungen - entweder iuberhaupt nicht oder doch nur teilweise beriicksichtigt wurden. Diese Luicke will meine Arbeit ausfillen helfen. Sie ist rein philologischer Natur, wenn ihr auch ein mathematischer Text zugrunde liegt. Mir. schwebten zwei Ziele vor: einmal wollte ich die arabische Ausgabe zuganglich machen, die der besten arabischen Ubersetzung am nachsten steht (denn von dieser </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 14:12:42 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>i6o iind CENT. (Z) </p><p>U0bersetzung selbst hat sich bisher noch keine Handschrift gefunden), und dann wollte ich das Verhiltnis der verschiedenen arabischen Ausgaben und Verbesserungen zu einander klaren und alles f0r die Mathematik-Geschichte wichtige Material zusammenstellen. ... Diesen beiden Zielen entsprechen die beiden Teile meiner Arbeit: I. Zur Textgeschichte der Spharik (selbst- verstiindlich nur bei den islamischen Mathematikem) und II. Edition der Spharik in der Verbesserung von ABUj NA8R MAN@UR B. 'ALI." </p><p>Ussani, Vincenzo. I miei Studi su FLAVIo GIUSEPPE e alcune Osservazioni su Gesi nel GIUSEPPE SLAVO. Melanges Franz Cumont, </p><p>P- 455-62, I936. Isis </p><p>IInd Century (second half) </p><p>Brunn, Walther v. Darf man GALENOS " CLAUDIUS " nennen? Ciba Zeitschrift nr. 43, I P., 1937. ISIS </p><p>Pfister, R. Nouveaux textiles de Palmyre. Decouverts par le service des antiquites du Haut-Commissariat de la R6publique fran9aise dans la n6cropole de Palmyre (tour d'1glahbel). 56 p., 9 pl. Paris, Les 6ditions d'art et d'histoire, 1937. ISIS </p><p>Nous avons deja signale d'importantes etudes du m6me auteur sur les textiles anciens: (i) Textiles de Palmyre, (Paris, 1934; Isis 25, 184); (2) Teinture et alchimie dans l'Orient hellinistique (Prague, 1935; Isis 25, 250); (3) Textiles egyptiens post-islamiques (Paris, 1936; ISiS 27, ISO). Le present memoire est une continuation du premier; les details en sont trop techniques pour etre discutes ici, mais il vaut la peine de citer quelques conclusions (p. 47): </p><p>" II est certain qu'a l'epoque de Pairnyre et jusque vers la fin du Ille siecle, la Syrie ne possedait pas le metier a la tire et ne savait donc pas tisser mecaniquement des sujets qui se repetent, lorsqu'ils presentent une certaine importance. D'autre part, la Syrie, d'apres les echantillons que nous avons sous les yeux, n'avait pas beauc...</p></li></ul>

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