English Sound System

Download English Sound System

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<p>LnCLlSP SCunu S?S1LMPrepared by: Aimi, Eqa, ArifahronunclaLlonW ronunc|at|on refers Lo Lhe wav a word or a lanauaae lsspoken or Lhe manner ln whlch someone uLLers a word lfsomeone ls sald Lo have correcL pronunclaLlon Lhen lLrefers Lo boLh wlLhln a parLlcular dlalecLW word can be spoken ln dlfferenL wavs bv varlouslndlvlduals or aroups dependlna on manv facLors such as Lhe area ln whlch Lhev arew up Lhe area ln whlch Lhev now llve lf Lhev have a speech or volce dlsorder Lhelr eLhnlc aroup Lhelr soclal class or Lhelr educaLlonLxamplesW accepL (noL excepL) W rcLlc (noL rLlc)W ecL ceLera (noL eck ceLera)W escape (noL exscape) W especlallv (noL expeclallv) W espresso (noL expresso) W lebruarv (noL lebuarv)LnunclaLlonW ln phoneLlcs enunc|at|on ls Lhe acL of speaklnaCood enunclaLlon ls Lhe acL of speaklna clearlv andconclselvW Cne Lvpe of enunclaLlon error sLems from dropplnaoff Lhe ends of words especlallv lna ed dp or LW lor example SLopped becomes sLopW CLher Llmes we mlahL muddle Lhe mlddle ofwords bv replaclna sharper sounds (llke L) wlLhsofLer sounds (llke d) because Lhe sofLer soundsrequlre less muscle eneravW lor example 8uLLer mlahL become budderSLressW ln llnaulsLlcs stress ls Lhe relaLlve emphasls LhaL mav be alven Lo cerLaln svllables ln a wordW SLress ls mosL dramaLlcallv reallzed on focussed or accenLed words lor lnsLance conslder Lhe dlaloauels lL brunch Lomorrow? no lLs Lomorrow W ln lL Lhe sLressrelaLed acousLlc dlfferences beLween Lhe svllables of Lomorrow would be small compared Lo Lhe dlfferences beLween Lhe svllables of Lhe emphaslzed word ln Lhese emphaslzed words sLressed svllables such as ln ner are louder and lonaerlnLonaLlonW lnLonaLlon ls Lhe muslc of a lanauaae and ls perhaps Lhe mosL lmporLanL elemenL of a aood accenLonsonanL SoundsWhaL are consonanL sounds?W 1here are 44 sounds (19 + 23) LhaL make up Lhe sounds of our Lnallsh lanauaaeW 19 of Lhe sounds we refer Lo as vowel sounds (because Lhev use Lhe vowels a e l o u or make Lhe sounds of our vowels) W 23 of Lhe sounds we refer Lo as consonant soundsW Lach lndlvldual sound ls someLlmes referred Lo as a rapheme or phonemeW We use Lhe leLLers of Lhe alphabeL Lo wrlLe sounds downW 1here are over 70 wavs Lo spell Lhese sounds whlch we refer Lo as phonoarams $$ as |n | $d$ as |n pond $$ as |n |auh $$ as |n p| $h$ as ln hop $$ as ln am $k$ as ln klna $l$ as ln hall $m$ as ln Lhumb $n$ as ln pen $p$ as ln pop $r$ as ln car$s$ as ln senL $L$ as ln LenL $v$ as ln hlve $w$ as ln wlndow $v$ as ln vell $z$ as ln zlp $ch$ as ln chlp $sh$ as ln sheep$zh$ as ln sla $Lh$ as ln Lhe $Lh$ as ln Lhlna $hw$ wheaL$na$ as ln rlna 25 CCN5CNAN1 5CUND5Iowel SoundsulpLhonasW ls Lhe unlon of Lwo vowels ln one sound When boLh vowels are sounded Lhe dlphLhona ls called 8CL8 because Lhen lL ls reallv a ulP1PCnC or double sound LhaL ls Lhe sounds of Lhe vowels unlLe as ol ln oll ou ln soundW When onlv one of Lhe vowels ls sounded Lhe dlphLhona ls called lM8CL8 because Lhen as one of Lhe vowels ls sllenL lL ls noL properlv a ulP1PCnC Lhouah lL Lakes LhaL name as oa ln boaL ul ln sulL where a and l are sllenLD|pthon Approx|mate Ln 5oundal$av llke l ln Llmeau llke ow ln nowel$ev llke a ln daLeeu llke eh + oool$ov llke ov ln Lovla llke va ln vachLle llke ve ln veLlo llke vo ln voaaua llke wa ln waLLue llke wa ln walL ul llke wee ln weekuo llke uo ln quoLa1rlphLonaW 1rlphLhona ls Lhe unlon of Lhree vowels ln one svllable as eau ln beau lew ln vlew 1he LrlphLhona ls properlv a unlon of leLLers noL sounds1r|phton Approx|mate Ln 5oundlal llke vl ln vlpelel llke Lnallsh word veaual (uav) llke wl ln wlneuel (vev) llke wa ln wade1hank ?ou</p>