England and France Develop England absorbs Waves of Invaders England absorbs Waves of Invaders Early invasions from the Vikings Early invasions from the

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<ul><li><p>England and France DevelopEngland absorbs Waves of InvadersEarly invasions from the VikingsAlfred the Great united Anglos into EnglandDanish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and VikingsWilliam the Conqueror, duke of NormandyWilliams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne Battle of HastingsWilliam took control of England, established foundation of centralized government</p></li><li><p>England's Evolving GovernmentHold and add French landsStrengthen noble powers on the churchHenry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine and so acquired a large French territory</p></li><li><p>Juries and Common LawHenry ruled from 1154 to 1189Introduced juries into English courtsCommon lawThe Magna CartaRichard the Lion HeartedJohn Softsword, poor military leaderLost lands to Phillip Augustus of FranceCruel to his people, alienated church, raised taxesNobles revolted and forced him to sign the Magna CartaBasic legal rights </p></li><li><p>The Model ParliamentEdward established parliamentKnights, burgesses, bishops, and lords met at Westminster in LondonKnights and burgesses formed the House of Commons and the nobles and bishops formed the House of Lords</p></li><li><p>Capetian Dynasty Rules FranceHugh Capet began the DynastyLocation of France was keyPhilip II (Philip Augustus) powerful CapetianWanted to weaken power of English kingsFailed against Henry II and Richard the Lion Hearted but seized Normandy from King JohnStronger centralized government</p></li><li><p>Phillips HeirsLouis IX ruled from 1226 to 1270Louis was very pious and saintlyEstablished appeal courtsPhilip IV ruled from 1285 to 1314 quarrel with pope regarding taxes for priests; included commoners in meetingsChurch leaders-1st Estate; Great Lords 2nd Estate; commoners/wealthy landowners/merchants 3rd Estate Estates GeneralBeginnings of DemocracyCommon law, court systems, including commoners</p></li></ul>