ending homelessness: plan, act, succeed the national alliance to end homelessness annual meeting

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Permanent Supportive Housing and Mental Health System Transformation: Key Elements in the Efforts to End and Prevent Homelessness. Ending Homelessness: Plan, Act, Succeed The National Alliance to End Homelessness Annual Meeting July 17, 2006 Marti Knisley and Steve Day - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Permanent Supportive Housing and Mental Health System Transformation: Key Elements in the Efforts to End and Prevent HomelessnessEnding Homelessness: Plan, Act, SucceedThe National Alliance to End HomelessnessAnnual MeetingJuly 17, 2006

    Marti Knisley and Steve DayThe Technical Assistance Collaborative

  • Todays DiscussionWhat is MH Transformation? Why MH Transformation? Why are we talking about it today? Why is permanent supportive housing (PSH) essential to MH transformation? What are the benefits of PSH + MH transformation? What happens to people in systems that do not have PSH + a transformed MH system

  • What is MH Transformation?Changing the way that states, local jurisdictions and even the federal government do business, and Changing how business is done in a way that more people get help and help that works Stems from Presidents New Freedom Commission on Mental Health: To improve access to quality care and services, the Commission recommends fundamentally transforming how mental health care is delivered in America

  • What is MH Transformation?The New Freedom Commission and SAMHSA haveorganized their agendas around five principles:

    Focusing on desired outcomesFocusing on community level models of care that effectively coordinate MH treatment and delivery of other servicesFocusing on policies that maximize the utility of existing mainstream resourcesUsing mental health research findings to influence the delivery of servicesEnsuring that the Presidents Commission recommendations are used to promote innovation, flexibility and accountability

  • What is MH Transformation?The Institute of Medicine has identified the problem as stemming from the complexity of health care and recommends focusing energy on levers that can have large scale effect with relatively small efforts in four areas: FinanceWorkforceBest practice Information technology

  • Why MH Transformation?Perception that the system is fragmented, has big gaps and too many people fall through the cracks of the system

    Financing does not reinforce provision of services proven to be effective. Thus, many people dont have access to effective services

    All the above problems have resulted in a lack of confidence in the specialty mental health sector which in turn means this sector is no longer the single payor or policy maker

    This in turn requires collaboration beyond the boundaries of traditional mental health systems

  • Why MH TransformationMH 4/06

  • Why MH TransformationMH 3/06

  • Why are we talking about it today?50-60% of single adults who are chronically homeless have mental health problems Consensus that traditional mental health systems dont have services that are either desired by or work for people who are homeless

    Demonstrations and specialty serves for people who are homeless work well but dont translate into changes in the mainstream service delivery system or long term funding

  • Why are we talking about it today?State and local MH systems are now or soon will be engaged in transformational activities They will make choices about what activities they are engaged inand they have many choices Shifting mainstream resources to reimburse services that are effective for people who are homeless requires a significant shift in resource allocation MH systems need to have the tools and understand the need to make services and supports for people who are homeless a priority

  • Why is housing essential to MH transformation?Many people who could benefit from mental health services could also benefit from stable affordable housing Having your own place to live promotes recovery The service strategy that helps people get and keep housingcommunity supportis both clinically and cost effective; if housing first is used, the system becomes adept at engagement and relapse prevention Reduces the need for and likelihood of a costly, duplicative system (homeless services system)

  • What are the benefits of PSH + MH transformation?Maximizes three sets of resources: housing capital, housing subsidies/ operating funds and services funds---stretching existing resources and bringing new resources to the table Provides useful, practical tasks for staff who have responsibilities to help people become stable, contributing community members engaged in their own recovery and on their own terms Provides a platform for MH system to demonstrate value to stakeholders, public officials and policymakers and most of all to consumers and family members

  • What are the benefits of PSH + MH transformation?More people have access to PSH; PSH provides choice, rights of tenancy and removes conditions for treatment Community Support Services are tailored to:Increase emphasis and resources directed toward people getting help to get and keep jobsAssure integrated MH and SA services are the expectationStreamline and increase access to benefit programs/ with incentives for going to workValue social and peer supports Housing support is a high priority of the Community Support System

  • What is community support in a transformed MH system?Combined mental health and substance abuse and rehabilitation services and complimentary supports Organized to resolve the interrelated clinical, social, financial, and residential challenges encountered by priority public mental health system constituents With services are delivered in natural community settings such as homes, neighborhood venues, schools, homeless shelters, drop-in centers, and on the streets often delivered by peers Overcomes barriers to engagement and service access, develops coping skills, and promotes recovery in ways that traditional mental health service can not

  • What is housing support in a transformed MH system?

    The system explicitly commits resources to one of two service models: stand alone Housing Support Teams or integrated housing support functions to Community Support/ ACT Teams Housing support functions include: outreach/ engagement, helping a person select housing, move in, access benefits, sign a lease and meet all the required functions of tenancy and other supports so a person can keep their housing How to pay for it: Medicaid, state institution downsizing or health care reinvestment, new state plan requirements, re-direct current allocations

  • What is housing support in a transformed mental health systemAccess to continuous and sufficient bridge and long term rental assistance and to contingency funds for deposits and furnishings How to pay for it: HOME, state and local trust funds, Medicaid or state institution downsizing reinvestment, SSI Supplement, small grants

    Interagency agreements to meet service and housing policy imperatives for affordable housing and MH reform LIHTCs, Trust Funds and other state and local capital or rental and capital funds, private philanthropy A better trained and compensated workforce with more opportunities for peers

  • What happens to people in systems that do not have PSH + a transformed MH system?Institutional care/ incarceration/residential treatment siphons funds away from effective services, While at the same time costs for maintaining institutions will continue to rise with little to show in return MH system blamed for homelessness which in turn reduces credibility---ability to attract new resources People with mental illness even more likely to disengage from the service system

  • For discussion: State Transformation StrategiesPennsylvania North Carolina New Mexico Connecticut

    Your state

    Is PSH a priority? If not, why not; what can be done to make it a priority If it is, what is working? What needs to be done? What are the challenges to success?

    Is PSH linked specifically to MH system transformation?