elite sports systems

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  • 1. A2 Physical EducationManaging Elite PerformanceThe Former East Germany,Australia and USA

2. The Former East Germany Post World War II 1949 1990 Two Separate States The German Democratic Republic A large political push for sportingexcellence A state with a population similar to Londonfinished second overall in the medalstandings at the 1976 Olympics 3. A talent identification programme was putin place Rigorous testing of primary children Coaches, sport specialists and medicalstaff monitored attainment Potential talent attended child and youthsport schools Mainly Olympic disciplines Shop Window! 4. The East German Sports ModelEast German National SquadNational Sports Institute State-run sports club Annual Spartakiad Sports boarding school Primary School Talent ID 5. State Plan 1425 The Jenapharm Case Strive for Olympic Athletes launched legalsuccessaction against the Systematic doping ofpharmaceutical giantsyoung athletes Each athlete had their Athletes claimed theyown doctor knowingly gave drugs Forced to take Jenapharm blaimedperformance enhancingthe communist systemsteroids 6. TASK: You are lawyers working the case. Research the case Decide which party you will represent Produce a written argument to win thecase. You will then argue your case in class 7. Each of the sports schools were linked tostate run sports clubs This allowed athletes to train full timewithout risking their amateur status forOlympic competition. Associated with particular trades Locomotive (Railway)/Dynamo (Police)/Spartak(Electricians)/CSKA (Army) 8. National Institutes of sport State of the art facilities Treadmills Swimming flumes Hypoxic Chambers Final preparation for the Olympics German College of Physical Culture inLeipzig Home to most of the supportive medicine 9. Modern Day Germany Germany still have a talent ID scheme sport institute model many Olympic training centres No doping scandal! 10. AustraliaAustralian Institute of sport Born out of failure at the 1976 Olympics inMontreal One silver Four bronze A world best practice model for eliteathlete development UK setting up similar programmes 11. Public displeasure led to large governmentfunding Public money was spent on creating anelite sports system to ensure future succes 12. AIS 1981Initial intake of 150 athletes across 8sports AIS now offers scholarships to 600athletes each year in 35 separateprogrammes covering 25 different sports It employs 75 full-time coached Main focus on the Olympics 13. High performance coaching State of the art technology World-class sports medicine and sports science facility Accommodation Sport Search Need for focussed, successful talent ID Pop: 20.7million compared to 60.5million in UK 14. http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais 15. Task:Using rowing as an example, explain howthe AIS used sports search to identifypotential talent in the build up to the 2000Sydney Olympics. 16. Athlete Career and Education (ACE) Programme Australian scholarship holders Enhance personal development andperformance through career and educationservices Advisors help athletes plan for life aftersport 17. AIS also provides administrative, sportsscience and coaching services Funding for state and territory institutes,academies and national sportingorganisations. 18. Some AIS developments The Ice Jacket http://www.sportsci.org/news/news9811/AISj ackets.html The Super Roo Bike & wind tunnel testing http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/bik e/article.htm The Altitude House http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/feature s/altitude.htm 19. Since 1998 AIS has branched out from central model of Canberra to state run facilities Falls in line with federal/state political administration of Australia Reflection of their dedication to improvement and development Commonly athletes preferred to stay in their locality Non residential 20. United States of AmericaTask: 20 minsDescribe how the USA structure theirsport and talent I.D. and how theirscholarship programmes are structured.Give evidence of the following: Nurturing Talent High School Sport College and University Sport 21. USA Sporting talent is nurtured through highschool and college system Not club based Mirror of professional sport structure Top class facilities for performers andspectators Colleges receive huge support from localareas both financial and as spectators 22. Scholarships Provides talented amateur sportsmen and women with an exclusive opportunity to pursue both an academic and athletic career simultaneously. Can cover many, sometimes all, of the costs associated with earning a university degree. In return, the student-athlete will represent the university in their respective sport and maintain a good level of academic performance. There are currently over 500,000 student-athletes competing for approximately 2000 collegiate sports programs. 23. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvuW_sWtETA 24. The Annual DraftProfessional Sports ContractDraft4 Years Higher Ed Squad Sports Scholarship High School Squad 25. Brought in in 1936 the draft is amechanism for equalising the league andavoiding imbalance of power Professional clubs cream off the bestcollege players Closely followed by media and public 26. Every college game is recorded and analysed by a national office Players are then ranked The top ranked go through to the draft Draft works in reverse order weakest performing teams get first pick of the best college athletes Trading and competition between teams Start in feeder teams of professional clubs Only 5 % make it to first team 27. www.ncaa.org www.nfl.com/draft 28. Stretch and ChallengeCopy out the text and answer the question Pg 159 29. The UK What structures are in place and whatdevelopments have there been in the UKto enhance elite sport? 30. Have you made reference to these? UK Sport sports councils World Class Performance Pathway UKSI National Network Centres NGBs Elite Coach Education Programme ACE UK Athlete Funding 31. www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/athlete_zone 32. How does the funding of elite athletesdiffer around the world?

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