Dr. Kazi Abdur Rouf Visiting Scholar University of Toronto Noble International University, USA
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DESCRIPTIONEradication of poverty and community green economic development by utilizing Khas ponds: Lessons learned from Grameen Motsho(Fisheries) O Pashusampad (Liverstock) Foundation (GMPF) in Bangladesh. Dr. Kazi Abdur Rouf Visiting Scholar University of Toronto Noble International University, USA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Eradication of poverty and community green economic development by utilizing Khas ponds: Lessons learned from Grameen Motsho(Fisheries) O Pashusampad (Liverstock) Foundation (GMPF) in Bangladesh.
Dr. Kazi Abdur RoufVisiting ScholarUniversity of TorontoNoble International University, USA
Paper presented at the CIDEC Speaker Series University of Toronto.February 05, 2014
Objectives of the study
Objectives of this study are
To examine the motives, policies, strategies and approaches of Grameen Motsho (Fisheries) O Pashusampad (Livestock) Foundation (GMPF) community green economic development (CED) and To link these concepts with GMPF if it benefits to local poor people in Bangladesh.
Is Grameen Motsho (Fisheries) O Pashusampad (Livestock) Foundation (GMPF) a CED program in Bangladesh? If so, how it worksWhat approaches and strategies GMPF followsWhat are its strengths and challenges it faces in implementing its mission?
Authors working experience in GMPF Contains literature review and secondary dataFollows interpretative method It is not an analytical paper rather it is an informative paper that provides readers about a synopsis of community managed Khas ponds contributed to local poverty reduction, fish culture and livestock production and green technology transfer among marginalised people in Bangladesh.
Community Economic Development (CED) conceptCommunity economic development (CED) means a process through which citizens take charge of planning and managing economic development projects in their communities with the aim of creating employment for them, improving their quality of life and developing greater community autonomy ( Shragge, 1997, p. 103).
Quarter et al. (2009) believe that CEDs are working for communities those are facing problems-unemployment, poverty, job loss, environmental degradation and loss of community control-need to be addressed in a holistic and participatory way (p. 95).
According to CEDNet CED defined as action by people locally to create economic opportunities and enhance social conditions in their communities on a sustainable and inclusive basis, particularly with those who are most disadvantaged.
Sources of CED ResourcesCED resources could be government supported Either direct full funding or partial funding or private &public partnership or
Private & community agencies (COs) partnerships or public & COs partnerships
Or lease/donate government properties like ponds, lands, bazaars, roads, public busses, industries to community organizations
CED projects can generate revenues and cover projects costs from full revenues or partial revenues and contribute to local living green economics.
Social BusinessThis is an outreach social business serving to marginalised communities to uplift their socio-economic life
Author believes that community green economic development projects are social businesses that are not completely depend on external continuous support rather they generates revenues from their products and services to cover their full or partial costs
Quarter et al. (2009) suggest that small business development funding could include CED initiatives in social business
Other alternatives could be private and CED project resource partnership; public funding, foundations and community organizations collaboration in the poverty prone area to generate employment among local disadvantaged people.
Benefits of CEDMany local green jobs can be generated by CED projects by expanding/ creating green small-businesses like agricultural and artisan jobs for marginalized communities
It increases local control and brings local living green economics stability in the community CED encourages local control and power ownership of resources
It creates organizations that are representative of and accountable to local community
Enable communities to address issues of poverty and inequality, environmental degradation and drives to basic social change (Shragge, 1997).
Authors involvement with GMPF pre and post inception of it On December 09, 1984, Muhammad Yunus, Managing Director, Grameen Bank (GB) requested the author to visit Nimgashi Fish Culture Project (NFCP) Sirajgong Preliminary observation discussed with Muhammad Yunus and with other GB executives. Author again visited to NFCP to survey it in November 07, 1985 After receiving NFCP Khas ponds, he was assigned as an Area Manager in Nimgachi Area office in order to start Grameen Bank micro-credit services at Nimgashi on March 20th 1986 He worked there for two years and opened twenty GB branches in Sirajgonj and Pubna districtHe visited all ponds of the project during his tenure at NimgashiTalked with rural elites, politicians, general people and government officials about GB and GMPFFriendly explained them the mission and vision of GB and GMPF in these sub-districtsThe author was assigned to attend all GMPF Advisory Committee meetings in addition to his job in Grameen Bank at Dhaka during 1988-1995.
Objectives of GMPFTo undertake production, transportation, processing and marketing of products of fisheries, livestock, agriculture, horticulture, homestead gardening, social afforestation and bio-gas plants To engage poor people with different income generating activities to bring improvement in the quality of lifeTo support the management of fisheries, livestock, horticulture and forestry-based enterprises owned by the poor To promote the increased participation of women in fisheries, livestock, horticulture and forestry production, storage, marketing, processing and other such related business and To promote the increased participation of women in integrated fish-crop-livestock, farming, horticulture, bio-gas, feed making and forestry production, storage, processing, marketing , and other related business.
GMPF programs/servicesGMPF programs are operated under six broad programsFisheries Management and AquacultureLivestock Dairy Development and Social ForestrySocial Mobilization and providing Technical Assistance Training on Human Resource Development Planning, Monitoring and EvaluationGMPF has a training institute at Joysagar farm
Activities of (GMPF)
Community Fisheries Development: Fish farming, shrimp farming, integrated aquaculture, shrimp hatchery, brood management and marketing of fish
Community Livestock and Dairy Development: Cow farming, milk chilling, processing and marketing, beef fattening, goat farming, poultry farming, duck farming, use of cow dung as slurry
Development of bio-gas plants, community dairy enterprises and community feed mills
Community Farming and Social Afforestation: Social forestry, home-stead gardening, landscape gardening, horticulture farming, crops & fodder farming, and plant nurseries
Training and Manpower Development
Social mobilization program: formation of groups and associations, facilitation and communication skill development, gender awareness, legal awareness, training on social mobilization and gender issues, training on fisheries and livestock, social afforestation, horticulture and homestead gardening etc.,
Joysagor Fish (JF) and Aquaculture FarmA total of 14451.22 MT of fish were produced by JF since inception up to 2006
Fifty percent of the fish goes to the share of poor beneficiaries
An amount of Tk. 179.21 million (US$2.4 million) was received by the beneficiaries in 16 years as their share of fish production. Number of beneficiaries rise from 2249 in 1990-91 to 5876 in 2006
Per capita additional income through fish culture rise from TK. 1700 (US$23) in 1990-1991 to Tk. 7223 (US$977) in the year 2006
Per ha fish production rises from 700 kg in 1988-89 to 2734 kg in 2006
19.53% per annum increases fish production
Out of 5876 of village group members (VGMs) 2756 are involve in fish culture in 2006 (Grameen Mostsho O Pashusampad Foundation Annual Report 2006)
Dinajpur Farm (DF)
Most of the DF ponds are excavated by the local kings/Zamindars about 500-800 years ago
Ramsagor Dhighi is the largest man-made pond with a water area of 30 ha in Dinajpur
Out of 1159 village group members (VGMs) of it 674 are involved in fish culture in 2006
DF production of fish increased to 260 MT in 2006 from 18.60 Mt per ha in 1987-1988
Fish sales increased from tk. 4.79 lacs (US$.684 million) in 1988 to k 92.60 lacs (US$12.35 million) in 2006
Per ha fish production rises from 210.55 kg in 1988-99 to 2437 kg in 2006 a rise of 1157% in last 18 years
Fish production increases 64% per annum on an average (Grameen Mostsho O pashusampad Foundation Annual Report 2006).
Jamuna Borrow-Pits Farm (JMBA)
Jamuna Borrow-Pits Farm (JMBA) is located in Tangail and Sirajgong district It excavates 90 ha of new water areas (ponds) adjacent to the 27 km long East and West approach roads of the Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge It forms 1005 women village group members (VGMs) those are involve in fish-crop-livestock production and social affroestation .
Chokoria Shrimp Farm (CSF)
CSF has 300 acres of water area where it is cultivating shrimp
It has semi-intensive shrimp culture in 42 ponds
It has dairy farm with 49 cows/cattle
It produces 19.26 MT shrimps and 6.47 MT fish in 1996 (Grameen Mostsho O Pashusampad Foundation Annual Report 2006).
GMPF Micro-credit Implementation Project
This project is operated in three sub-districts (Santhia, Bera, Sujanagar) of Pabna district GMPF provides micro loans to VGMs for fish and livestock production in the ponds, borrow-pits, a