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OLR(1982) 29(12) F. General 813
82:6368 Edmond, J.M., 1982. Ocean hot springs: a status
report. Oceanus, 25(2):22-27.
In less than five years the science of oceanography has been transformed, research having established ridge-crest hydrothermal activity as an integral part of the seafloor spreading process. Dept. of Earth and Plan. Sci., MIT, Cambridge, Mass., USA.
82:6369 Galloway, T.D. and Dennis Nixon, 1982. The newest
federalism and coastal areas. Oceanus, 25(2):2-11.
If fully implemented, the 'new federalism' of the Reagan Administration portends dramatic changes in coastal resource management. Grad. Prog. in Community Planning and Area Develop., Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA.
82:6370 Liss, P.S. and R.W. Raiswell, 1982. Environmental
chemistry: the earth-air-water factory. Endeavour, (N.S.)6(2):66-71.
The Earth--its atmosphere, hydrosphere, vegetation and animal population--forms an immensely com- plicated dynamic system that defies detailed anal- ysis; nevertheless, models based on broad gener- alizations can be very informative. This article reviews lessons to be learned by regarding the whole earth-air-water system as a gigantic chemical fac- tory. Sch. of Environ. Sci., Univ. of East Anglia, UK.
82:6371 Moore, R.E., Philip Helfrich and G.M.L. Patterson,
1982. The deadly seaweed of Hana. (Palythoa toxica). Oceanus, 25(2):54-63.
Analysis of a rare, toxic marine organism long shrouded in myth and mystery has led scientists to a discovery that could prove useful in cancer and heart research. Dept. of Chem., Univ. of Hawaii, Hono- lulu, Hawaii, USA.
82:6372 Rosen, B.R., 1982. Darwin, coral reefs, and global
geology. Bioscience, 32(6):519-525.
Darwin's coral reef subsidence theory was derived from his broader interests in vulcanicity and global geology. His reef observations were implicitly in- tended to demonstrate ocean floor subsidence. Although in retrospect his evidence for subsidence of atolls, barrier reefs and ocean floors was insufficient, his ideas have survived the modern tests of boreholes and seafloor spreading. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, SW7 5BD, UK.
82:6373 Simon, Cheryl, 1982. Deep-sea oasis. Intricate
communities at seafloor vents yield clues to survival in their sulfide-rich world. Sci. News, Washington, D.C., 121(25):410-413.
A recent expedition to the East Pacific Rise, 21°N, included experiments requiring live animals. A protein in blood that binds sulfide (thereby~ pre- venting the toxic inhibition of cytochrome oxidase) and then releases it when necessary was found in vent clams and vestimentiferan worms. Some results from previous cruises are also reported. (mwf)
82:6374 Smith, L.J. and Susan Peterson, 1982. Pitfalls in
Third World aquaculture development. Oceanus, 25(2):30-39.
Careful consideration of technological, scientific, economic, and cultural factors should enable those planning aquaculture projects to avoid failures of the past. Dept. of Econ., Haverford Coll, Haverford, Penn., USA.
82:6375 Spindel, R.C., 1982. Ocean acoustic tomography: a
new measuring tool [utilizes underwater sound waves to produce a 'picture' of the interior processes of the ocean]. Oceanus, 25(2):12-21. Ocean Engng. Dept., WHOI, Woods Hole, Mass. 02543, USA.
82:6376 Valentine, J.W., 1982. Darwin's impact on paleon-
tology. Bioscience, 32(6):513-518.
Darwin converted most paleontologists to evolution but not to natural selection; several mostly vitalistic explanations were proffered or embraced and be- latedly discarded as the evolutionary synthesis de- veloped. Today, fossil patterns again inspire contro- versial non-Darwinian scenarios, the fate of which remains unsettled. Dept. of Geol. Sci., Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara, Calif. 93106, USA.
82:6377 Wells, N.C., 1982. Ocean-atmosphere interaction: a
current perspective. Overview. Weather, 37(6): 162-164. Dept. of Oceanogr., Southampton Univ., UK.
82:6378 Fleming, D.K., 1982. Seascapes [of art and litera-
ture]. Marit. Policy Mgmt, 9(1):29-34.