david tulloch department of landscape architecture cook college
Post on 22-Feb-2016
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONA Multidisciplinary Approach to Developing a Landscape Change Research Agenda and Program Through Research, Teaching, and Outreach. David Tulloch Department of Landscape Architecture Cook College Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. INTERNET DISCLAIMERS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
A Multidisciplinary Approach to Developing a Landscape Change Research Agenda and Program Through Research, Teaching, and OutreachDavid TullochDepartment of Landscape ArchitectureCook CollegeRutgers, The State University of New Jersey
INTERNET DISCLAIMERSThis presentation has been altered for the purposes of posting these materials online.Some materials, particularly graphics, have been removed (hence blank spots).Other materials require explanation to make sense.
Still, we hope you find this more useful than annoying.
Football Fields of Open SpaceNew Jersey loses nearly 50 acres of land to development each day. In the time it takes to watch a football game, the equivalent of six football fields of forest, open space or wetlands is lost forever.-- New Jersey Governor James McGreevey
Rutgers Landscape Change Research Program
Challenges for CELA
It Is a Big ProblemIt Requires Big Solutions
Looking at ChangeHow is landscape change occurring in the landscape?What are the causes and consequences of that change?How is it perceived?What can we do about?What should we do about it?
Looking at PoliciesDo landscape and planning policies and practices have the impacts that many believe they do?Are they having unintended or unnoticed impacts?What policies are being used? Where?
Responses to Landscape Change A national (or international ) dialog is necessary to advance this effortSignificant support is needed to coordinate and accelerate research
Landscape Change WorkshopAn NSF-sponsored workshop was held on Landscape Change in Jan 2001The workshop sought to develop a research agenda promoting landscape change workThe workshop was multidisciplinary with representatives from geography, landscape architecture, ecology, sociology, and planning
Workshop Focus The workshop openly stated as a goal an interest in seeing a national center for landscape change research Four distinct areas of emphasis emerged:Information technologyDecision-makingLandscape perception and assessmentEnvironmental and social science
Workshop Outcomes Final Report was published Panels and papers have reflected the activities at the workshop NSF has openly appealed for additional efforts A White Paper has been written to promote these effortsLAF White Paper on Landscape InterventionTreats NSF as a primary audience
It Is a Big ProblemBut New Jersey Has a Corner on the Market
In New Jersey, the change we are most familiar with is land use change
Responses to Landscape Change We have been leaders in measuring landscape change
We Live in a Changing LandscapeEvery year New Jersey adds nearly 16,600 acres of new development while losing more than 9,600 acres of farmland, 4,200 acres of forest, and 2,600 acres of wetlands.
Recent Landscape Changes in New Jersey
86-95 change in acres86-95 percent change
1986 acres1995 acres
1986 acres1995 acres86-95 CHANGE IN ACRES86-95 PERCENT CHANGE
annual change in acresdaily change in acres1986 lu1995 luAcres change
land gainedland lossnet changeurbanForest9,075
urb luac chnge1100
1140Residential, Rural, Single Unit46,79246,792
1700Other Urban or Built-Up Land28,39822,03412001800
1130Residential, Single Unit, Low Density22,03421,63913,707140017007,203
1120Residential, Single Unit, Medium Density21,63912,5704746,12328,398943
1200Commercial / Services13,7071474711300208150016001,005770
1110Residential, High Density, Multiple Dwelling12,570103,18215,8526,8767,7311671631,10310,716
1750Managed Wetland in Maintained Lawn Greenspace1,00518.3%
1804Athletic Fields (Schools)9434.1%
1850Managed Wetland in Built-Up Maintained Rec Area7700.1%
1214No Longer Military, Use To Be Determined47131.9%4.6%6.3%
1461Wetland Rights-of-Way (Modified)208
1500Industrial / Commercial Complexes167
1600Mixed Urban or Built-Up Land16
Responses to Landscape Change Making the decision makers and the public aware of issues is an important element in Rutgers landscape change research
Buildout - 2050 New Jersey will, in all likelihood be the first state to reach complete build-out A recent study by Rutgers suggested it could happen around 2050
Responses to Landscape Change New Jersey has made land use a statewide political issue
Developing a Research ProgramThere are many questions to answer:What is being done at Cook and Rutgers that should be included?What themes will be featured in such a research program?How should it be organized and housed?
Developing a Research ProgramThere are many questions to answer:What opportunities exist for advancing this research program?What audience(s) should be targeted?
Creating Our Own AgendaRutgers approach has included participants from a variety of departments including:Landscape ArchitectureEnvironmental ScienceHuman EcologyGeographyEcology, Evolution and Nat. Res.Ag., Food, and Resource Econ.Extension NJAESUrban Policy and Planning
Creating Our Own ApproachFour major efforts: Internal meetings and establishment of consensus on a research agenda Meetings with stakeholders from throughout New Jersey Visits from nationally-notable speakers to present their work and review ours Regularly submitting proposals to NSF and elsewhere that seek funding explicitly under the umbrella of landscape change
Landscape BrochureHow can you promote a research program without a brochure?
Putting Landscape Change on the Web New Jerseys Landscape ChangeMapping and monitoring change in New Jerseyhttp://www.crssa.rutgers.edu/projects/lc/ The Workshop on Landscape ChangeMore than a workshop, but not yet a new movementhttp://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/landscape-2/landscape.htm
It Is a Big ProblemCELA Can Help
Do We Need This?The NSF workshop used McHargs work as a theme for discussing where we have gottenBut how far have we advanced since that work?Could a research agenda really promote new advances in our understanding and practices?Is this just about money?
Challenges for CELACan CELA promote a research agenda?Who would they partner with?What would it be about?Could they really leave some research out?Is it an agenda if it includes everything?
Watch Out! Hes Got an Agenda We can (and should) bias this process My Agenda:I Want to Change the World(Landscape Intervention)More/Better Information Will Have an Impact(GIS bias)Better Science and Information Get Us the Respect That We Need to Have an Impact
CELA Action Items? Actively seek, solicit, identify, and support research agendas advancing the cause of multi-institutional scholarly work in landscape architecture Aggressively pursue (lobby) financial support for the agenda(s) Create an annual forum (a panel perhaps) for the discussion of new agendas
Getting In TouchDavid Tulloch, PhD Department of Landscape Architecture Cook College Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick, NJ 08901
732.932.3611 email@example.com www.crssa.rutgers.edu/davet