cyberbullying in middle and high school: perspective of school counselors september 2011

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  • Slide 1
  • CYBERBULLYING IN MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL: PERSPECTIVE OF SCHOOL COUNSELORS September 2011
  • Slide 2
  • Conducted by the ABA Center on Children and the Law Funding through HHS/HRSA/MCHB Partners in Program Planning for Adolescent Health Supported by the American School Counselor Association (ASCA)
  • Slide 3
  • METHODOLOGY ASCA posted link to Blog and Web page, reaching 28,000 members 20-minute survey
  • Slide 4
  • FINDINGS
  • Slide 5
  • BACKGROUND 700 Respondents Majority in schools of 6-12 th graders Typical school size: under 1,000 students Male to female ratio: 55%-45% Typical number of counselors: 3 or less Respondents from all 50 states plus DC, Panama, and Virgin Islands
  • Slide 6
  • How much of a problem is cyberbullying in your school?
  • Slide 7
  • How prevalent is cyberbullying compared with other types of bullying? Cyberbullying is: Equally as prevalent47% More prevalent32% Less prevalent21%
  • Slide 8
  • Have any students targeted by cyberbullies come to your attention in the past 12 months ? Yes93% No 7%
  • Slide 9
  • Number of cyberbullying targets seen in one year by counselors 1-10 students71% 11-20 students19% 21-30 students 4% over 30 students 6% 5 is most common number of student targets seen in one year
  • Slide 10
  • CHARACTERISTICS What are the most common attributes of vulnerable students? Gender: Female Dating relationship Sexual orientation
  • Slide 11
  • What are the most common attributes of students who tend to cyberbully? Gender: Female Family dysfunction Identified as at risk Dating relationship status
  • Slide 12
  • IMPACT Do student targets show symptoms of distress? Yes98% No 2%
  • Slide 13
  • What symptoms of distress have the student targets shown? From most to least frequently observed: Anxiety Depression Drop in grades/poor grades Head- or stomach-aches Truancy Sleep problems Suicidal behavior (1/4 of 400 respondents)
  • Slide 14
  • Have you been trained on handling cyberbullying? No54% Yes46%
  • Slide 15
  • SCHOOL RESPONSE How often are cyberbullying incidents referred for disciplinary action?
  • Slide 16
  • Does your state have a cyberbullying law?
  • Slide 17
  • Does your school follow a policy/protocol when responding to cyberbullying? Yes71% No29%
  • Slide 18
  • What does the policy/protocol address? In decreasing order: Intervention Referral to law enforcement Prevention Confidentiality Identification All of the elements listed Investigation only
  • Slide 19
  • Typical Interventions In decreasing order : Parent conference In-school counseling SRO/law enforcement involvement Out-of-school suspension In-school suspension Referral to services Peer mediation Behavior contract Expulsion Other
  • Slide 20
  • EFFECTIVENESS: Counselors Opinions Interventions Most effective Prevention/education Parental involvement Plus SRO/early intervention/peer mediation Least effective Ignoring the issue/doing nothing Lack of protocol, policy or training Suspension/punishment
  • Slide 21
  • Barriers to Providing Services, Prevention, or Intervention Targets fear of retaliation 73% Lack of legal and/or admin support 15%
  • Slide 22
  • Additional Comments Lack of time, counselors, laws, training, accountability Societal problem, needing parental involvement, and this is just what middle school kids are like Schools should be prepared and be proactive Students need to report and be educated Need more research
  • Slide 23
  • Contact Information American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law Sharon Elstein, Research Director sharon.elstein@americanbar.org sharon.elstein@americanbar.org Eva Klain, Project Director eva.klain@americanbar.org

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