Conservation Management Plan. - ?· This Conservation Management Plan has been undertaken in ... Memorial…

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<ul><li><p>Conservation Management Plan.</p><p>Williamstown Cemetery H 1837</p><p>Champion Road, Williamstown</p><p>30thDecember2015</p></li><li><p>This Conservation Management Plan has been undertaken in accordancewith the principles of the Burra Charter adopted by ICOMOS Australia</p><p>The document assesses management issues related to the restoration,maintenance and repair of the Cemetery.</p><p>This document has been completed by David Wixtedand Ellen Ogborne.</p><p>In conjunction with Steve Fitzgerald.</p><p> heritage ALLIANCE, Steve Fitzgerald (Arboriculture Pty Ltd), GMCT 2015</p><p>C 1900 Newspaper advertisement for monumental masons.Williamstown Chronicle, July 1900.</p></li><li><p>heritage ALLIANCEJob 2014-36 Williamstown Cemetery CMP 3</p><p>CONTENTSILLUSTRATIONS &amp; DRAWINGS ............................................................................................................................4EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..........................................................................................................................................61.0 INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................................91.1 Background, Brief and Methodology ............................................................................................................91.2 Site Ownership............................................................................................................................................101.3 Study Team.................................................................................................................................................101.4 Copyright.....................................................................................................................................................101.5 Acknowledgments .......................................................................................................................................101.6 Definitions ...................................................................................................................................................101.7 Abbreviations ..............................................................................................................................................112.0 PHYSICAL SURVEY ..................................................................................................................................122.1 The Site.......................................................................................................................................................122.2 Buildings......................................................................................................................................................142.3 The Fountain ...............................................................................................................................................162.4 Paths ...........................................................................................................................................................162.5 Fences ........................................................................................................................................................172.6 The memorials and monuments..................................................................................................................182.7 Other structures ..........................................................................................................................................222.8 Trees ...........................................................................................................................................................233.0 ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE ...............................................................................263.1 History of Williamstown ...............................................................................................................................263.2 History of the Williamstown General Cemetery...........................................................................................283.3 Contextual History.......................................................................................................................................423.4 Comparative Analysis .................................................................................................................................493.5 Assessment of Significance ........................................................................................................................513.6 Further Research ........................................................................................................................................544.0 CONSERVATION POLICY STATEMENT ..................................................................................................564.1 Constraints and Requirements....................................................................................................................564.2 Site Significance (precis).............................................................................................................................564.3 Elements of Primary, Contributory, Lesser and No Significance ................................................................564.4 Site Specific Policies ...................................................................................................................................574.5 Future Use and Development .....................................................................................................................624.6 The Impact of Climate Change on the Historic Environment ......................................................................665.0 CONSERVATION WORKS.........................................................................................................................695.1 Maintenance and repair works to the site by priority...................................................................................695.2 Maintenance Works ....................................................................................................................................695.3 Risk Management of the Site ......................................................................................................................735.4 Future Management Issues for the site.......................................................................................................765.5 Priority List ..................................................................................................................................................766.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY.........................................................................................................................................77APPENDIX A PLANS OF THE CEMETERY .....................................................................................................79APPENDIX B CEMETERY LEGISLATION VICTORIA.....................................................................................82APPENDIX C THE BURRA CHARTER.............................................................................................................83APPENDIX D LIST OF PLANTS ......................................................................................................................90APPENDIX E ARBORICULTURALIST REPORT .............................................................................................95</p></li><li><p>heritage ALLIANCE4 Job 2014-36 Williamstown Cemetery CMP</p><p>ILLUSTRATIONS &amp; DRAWINGSFigure 1 Location of the cemetery on Champion Road opposite the Victorian Railway Workshops. Source: Whereis .......... 13Figure 2: The cemetery entry with from opposite at Champion Road showing the former St Kilda Town Hall gates and gate</p><p>posts from the Exhibition buildings. Dominant Canary Island palms trees are in the background. These are the majorfeature of the site. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 ................................................................................................. 13</p><p>Figure 3: Inside the cemetery, lower south side gravel path with pine and cypress trees in the oldest part of the cemetery.Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015................................................................................................................................. 14</p><p>Figure 4: The major historic building on site (office, safe room, manager and chapel) of 1937 designed by architect FrederickMorsby. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015.................................................................................................................. 14</p><p>Figure 5: The brick toilet block on Champion Road with the north half built prior to 1911. One portion of the building(northern) appears on a MMBW map of 1912. The building appears to have been built as two near identical halves-one prior to 1912, the other probably just after once sewerage reached the site. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 . 15</p><p>Figure 6: The house and workshops (circa 1966-67) in brick viewed from the north side. All trees in this view are CanaryIsland Palms. Source: heritage ALLIANCE 2015.......................................................................................................... 16</p><p>Figure 7:Lower cul-de-sac of the main path with asphalt surface and brick spoon drains. The roads are generally in goodrepair although there is some loss of asphalt in some small areas. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 ....................... 17</p><p>Figure 8: The Wardrop &amp; Scurry Fountain of 1892. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 .......................................................... 17Figure 9: Front picket fence (non historic) between 1930s gates and the cyclone fence. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015. 18Figure 10: Monument to 5 sailors lost in an explosion on the HMVS Cerberus in 1881. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 .. 19Figure 11: Monument to 7 lost in a boating accident in Port Phillip Bay (the yacht Queenie) in 1899. Five of the deaths were</p><p>of the same family. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 ................................................................................................. 20Figure 12: The Point Gellibrand Vault erected from 1899 containing on its top bench obelisk monuments and headstones</p><p>surviving from the old cemetery. The fence is a combination of cast metal and gas pipe. This is the most importantmonument in the cemetery. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 .................................................................................... 20</p><p>Figure 13: Chest Vault for the Hall family 1871-circa 1890. .................................................................................................... 21Figure 14: Robert Ellery and family grave (in disrepair). This important grave requires repair to the lower basalt walling and</p><p>rail. ................................................................................................................................................................................. 21Figure 15: Memorial to three Japanese sailors from the naval ship Tsukuba who died of beri-beri in 1882, part restored and</p><p>improved by Alan Davidson and Sachiko Noguchi and the Japanese Naval Association. ............................................ 22Figure 16: Sarah Liley memorial, wife of Captain Liley died 1899............................................................................................ 22Figure 17: A tap in lower portion of cemetery. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 ................................................................. 23Figure 18: Denominational Section Label in cast iron (listed as a registered element within the cemetery). Source: Heritage</p><p>ALLIANCE 2015............................................................................................................................................................. 23Figure 19: New Bhutan Cypress along the southwest boundary (of approx. 15 years old) where once there were larger older</p><p>pines which show up in a 1930 aerial of the site. Source: Heritage ALLIANCE 2015 ................................................... 24Figure 20: A self-seeded palm in the foreground with Heritage listed palms to the rear along the entry way. The self-seeded</p><p>tree has lifted the ground around graves in the foreground. It is not a tree listed as part of the heritage Registrationalthough the pathway trees are. Some palms within graves may however be deliberate plantings. Source: HeritageALLIANCE 2015............................................................................................................................................................. 25</p><p>Figure 21: Map of Port Phillip from the survey of Mr. Wedge and others c1835. Point Harwood (now Point Gellibrand) markedin red. Source: SLV........................................................................................................................................................ 27</p><p>Figure 22: Site of Point Gellibrand Cemetery just to the east of the Williamstown Railway Station and just above the presentday Fort Gellibrand. Source: Parish Plan 1842............................................................................................................. 29</p><p>Figure 23: The Point Gellibrand cemetery in the 19th Century, JH Harvey circa 1875. The obelisk in view is probably one ofthose on the present day Point Gellibrand vault. The stone wall was convict built. Source: SLV picture collection .... 30</p><p>Figure 24: The first notice in Williamstown Chronicle identifying the proposal to transfer bodies from Pt Gellibrand. Source:Williamstown Chronicle 8 July 1899, p3. ....................................................................................................................... 34</p><p>Figure 25: Sketch of Gellibrands Point Cemetery, shortly before the reclamation of the site by the railways department in1898. Source: Lemon, Andrew &amp; Morgan, Marjorie, Buried by the Sea ........................................................................ 35</p><p>Figure 26: Portion of Parish Plan of Cut Paw Paw showing the cemetery reserve. The reserve for Railway purposes wassubsequently expanded to all of the area above Champion Road to house the railway workshops and train yards bydeleting all the proposed housing on the north side. The council under Mayor Thomas Mason had proposed this wholearea as a large parkland surrounded by housing until the railways took control of half of the reserved land in 1882 for arailway workshop. Source: SLV .................................................................................................................................... 36</p><p>Figure 27: Plan of the site in 1894 with original layout by Assistant Surveyor William Martin. Source: MMBW ..................... 37</p></li><li><p>heritage ALLIANCEJob 2014-36 Williamstown Cemetery CMP 5</p><p>Figure 28: Plan of the site in 1912 with original layout and extended master plan lay...</p></li></ul>

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