Computational Mind

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<p>ChomskysLabyrinth</p> <p></p> <p>Noam Chomsky(b. 1928)</p> <p>MIT</p> <p>1955</p> <p></p> <p>The</p> <p>TOP 101. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Noam Chomsky 9. 10.</p> <p>most-cited writers</p> <p></p> <p>Steven Pinker (1994) The Language Instinct.</p> <p>Why so</p> <p>influential?</p> <p></p> <p>Grammar and Syntax</p> <p></p> <p>His Grammar Created a Language-Mind Link</p> <p>TRANSFORMATIONALParse-able with moveable pieces</p> <p>GenerativeInfinite variety from finite pieces</p> <p>UniversalInnate, inheritable</p> <p>Seth Merrin Professor of Philosophy Co-Director, Center for Cognitive Studies, Tufts University</p> <p>Ray Jackendoff(b. 1945)</p> <p>Tufts University 2005 Brandeis University 2006</p> <p></p> <p>XPSpecifier X</p> <p>NPDet. N</p> <p>The</p> <p>Chicken ran away from the farmer.</p> <p>[tIkn]</p> <p></p> <p>Computational</p> <p>MIND</p> <p></p> <p>The ,</p> <p>Turing Machines, and</p> <p></p> <p>Turing Computations with Binary Code</p> <p> _beaver_4_.JPG/800px-State_diagram_3_state_busy_beaver_4_.JPG</p> <p></p> <p>Metaphors</p> <p>Turing Machines Data Processing Computers Complex Processing Binary Code and Syntax</p> <p></p> <p>Steven Pinker(b. 1954)</p> <p>Harvard University 2009</p> <p>MIT</p> <p>2003</p> <p></p> <p>1997</p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Sample Model of Language Processing</p> <p></p> <p>EZ Reader 10</p> <p>Reichle, E.D., Warren, T., &amp; McConnell, K. (2009). Using E-Z reader to model the effects of higher level language processing on eye movements during reading. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16(1), 1-21.</p> <p>Favorite Sources</p> <p> ge/The_Language_Instinct_How_the_Mind_ Creates_Language_PS-119190035038056.jpg</p> <p></p> <p> product/400/000/000/000/000/062/694/400000 000000000062694_s4.jpg</p> <p>INFORMATION OVERLOAD!MODULAR MIND = SOLUTION</p> <p></p> <p>Multiple, Specialized</p> <p>Mind Organs=Complex Mental Processing</p> <p>p://</p> <p></p> <p>Pinker</p> <p>F odor</p> <p>VS .</p> <p></p> <p>12 Rounds over</p> <p>Rou nd</p> <p>1997</p> <p>2002</p> <p>Parting So how doesBlows the mind work? I dont know. You dont know. Pinker doesnt know.And I rather suspect, such is the current state of the art, that if God were to tell us, we wouldnt understand him.(Fodor, 2005, p. 31)</p> <p>Fodor, more than anyone, has defended the computational theory of mind ... specialization ... [and] evolution as a shaping force in the modular mind.(Pinker, 2005, p. 2)</p> <p>Some mysteries of the mind will probably</p> <p>.</p> <p></p> <p>References Barrett, H. C., &amp; Kurzban, R. (2006). Theoretical note--Modularity in cognition: Framing the debate. Psychological Review, 113(3), 628-647. Carruthers, P., Laurence, S., &amp; Stich, S. P. (2005). The innate mind. New York: Oxford University Press. Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures. Netherlands: Mouton. Chomsky, N. (1959). Verbal behavior, by B. F. Skinner. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill. Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Chomsky, N. (2006). Language and mind. New York: Cambridge University Press. Chomsky, N., &amp; Arnove, A., (2008). The essential Chomsky. New York: New Press. Clahsen, H., &amp; Felser, C. (2006a). Continuity and shallow structures in language processing. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27, 107-126. Clahsen, H., &amp; Felser, C. (2006b). Grammatical processing in language learners. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27(1), 3-42. Cook, V. (1999). Using SLA research in language teaching. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9(2), 267-84. Duyck, W., Vanderelst, D., Desmet, T., &amp; Hartsuiker, R. J. (2008). The frequency effect in second-language visual word recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin &amp; Review, 15(4), 850. Elston-Gttler, K. E., &amp; Friederici, A. D. (2007). Ambiguous words in sentences: Brain indices for native and nonnative disambiguation. Neuroscience Letters, 414(1), 85-89. Fodor, J. (1975). The language of thought. New York: Crowell. Fodor, J. (1981). Representations : Philosophical essays on the foundations of cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Fodor, J. (1983). The modularity of mind: An essay on faculty psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Fodor, J. (2001). The mind doesn't work that way: The scope and limits of computational psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Fodor, J. (2005). Reply to Steven Pinker So How Does The Mind Work? Mind &amp; Language, 20(1), 25-32. Fodor, J. (2006). How the mind works: What we still don't know. Daedalus, 135(3), 86-94. Fodor, J., Bever, T. G., &amp; Garrett, M. F. (1974). The psychology of language: An introduction to psycholinguistics and generative grammar. New York: McGraw-Hill.</p> <p>Fodor, J., &amp; Katz, J. (1964). The structure of language: Readings in the philosophy of language. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PrenticeHall. Friesen, D., &amp; Jared, D. (2007). Cross-language message- and word-level transfer effects in bilingual text processing. Memory &amp; Cognition, 35(7), 1542-1556. Fukkink, R. G., Hulstijn, J., &amp; Simis, A. (2005). Does training in second-language word recognition skills affect reading comprehension? An experimental study. Modern Language Journal, 89(1), 54-75. Generative Grammar. (2000). Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from Jackendoff, R. (2003). Foundations of language: Brain, meaning, grammar, evolution. New York: Oxford University Press. Jackendoff, R. (1977). X syntax : A study of phrase structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Keating, G. D. (2009). Sensitivity to violations of gender agreement in native and nonnative Spanish: An eyemovement investigation. Language Learning, 59(3), 503-535. Kliegl, R., Nuthmann, A., &amp; Engbert, R. (2006). Tracking the mind during reading: The influence of past, present, and future words on fixation durations. Journal of Experimental Psychology/General, 135(1), 12-35. Koda, K. (2007). Reading and language learning: Crosslinguistic constraints on second language reading development. Language Learning, 57(Supplement), 1-44. Pinker, S. (1994). The language instinct: How the mind creates language. New York: William Marrow, &amp; Co. Pinker, S. (1997). How the mind works. New York: Norton. Pinker, S. (2002). The blank slate: The modern denial of human nature. New York: Viking Adult. Pinker, S. (2005). So how does the mind work? Mind and Language, 20(1), 1-24. Pinker, S. (2007). The stuff of thought: Language as a window into human nature. New York: Viking. Pinker, S. (2005). A reply to Jerry Fodor on how the mind works. Mind and Language, 20(1), 33-38. Rayner, K. (1993). Eye movements in reading: Recent developments. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2(3), 8185. Rayner, K. (2009). Eye movements and attention in reading, scene perception, and visual search. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(8), 1457-1506.</p> <p>Rayner, K., Pollatsek, A., Drieghe, D., Slattery, T. J., &amp; Reichle, E. D. (2007). Tracking the mind during reading via eye movements: Comments on Kliegl, Nuthmann, &amp; Engbert (2006). Journal of Experimental Psychology/General, 136(3), 520-529. Rayner, K., Smith, T. J., Malcolm, G. L., &amp; Henderson, J. M. (2009). Eye movements and visual encoding during scene perception. Psychological Science, 20(1), 6-10. Reichle, E.D., Liversedge, S.P., Pollatsek, A., &amp; Rayner, K. (2009). Encoding multiple words simultaneously in reading is implausible. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(3), 115-119. Reichle, E.D., Warren, T., &amp; McConnell, K. (2009). Using E-Z reader to model the effects of higher level language processing on eye movements during reading. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 16(1), 1-21. Reichle, E., Rayner, K., &amp; Pollatsek, A. (2003). The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26(4), 445-476. Reichle, E. D. (2006). Computational models of eye-movement control during reading: Theories of the eye mind link. Cognitive Systems Research, 7(1), 2-3. Skinner, B. F. (1992). Verbal behavior (Reprint, 1957 ed.). Acton, MA: Copley Publishing Group. Stuhr, J. J. (2000). Pragmatism and classical American philosophy: Essential readings and interpretive essays. New York: Oxford University Press. Tannen, D. (1999). The argument culture : Changing the way we argue and debate. London: Virago. Turing, A. M. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind: A Quarterly Review of Psychology and Philosophy, 59(236), 433. Universal Grammar. (2000). Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from Us J., E., &amp; Martnez F., A. (2006). Current trends in the development and teaching of the four language skills. New York: M. de Gruyter. Yamada, K. (2009). Lexical patterns in L2 textual gist identification assessment. Language Testing, 26(1), 101-122.</p>


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