Comparrison on Cardiff Castle & Warwick Castle
Post on 23-Jan-2016
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONComparrison on Cardiff Castle & Warwick Castle. By Jack,, Laura, Bethan, Ellie, Aimee. Warwick Castle. Britian's Ultimate Castle. The Beginning. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The history of Warwick Castle dates back almost 1,100 years. In 914AD Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred the Great, ordered the building of the burh or an earthen rampart to protect the small hill top settlement of Warwick from Danish invaders. The first castle, however to appear on the site was a wooden motte and bailey constructed in 1068 at the command of William the Conqueror. The castle is now open for the public to come and visit and see this historical attraction.In our presentation we will compare and contrast Warwick Castle and Cardiff Castle and evaluate what the two castles offer for primary school children. We will show what the castles have to offer and contrast them on how well the castles are set out, what activities they provide, what interaction the children can get involved in and what facilities there are in the castles.We shall also talk about the history and importance of the two castles and then come to a conclusion on which castle would be better for school children to visit.
The Pageant Playground is a superb picnic spot and is a great place for children. With a fortress like environment set amongst the most picturesque grounds in Warwick, Pageant Playgrounds is fir for any little Prince or Princess!Children can let off steam among the various ropes, swings, nets, tubes, ramps, spiral slides, high level walkways and rock climbing fences. Even toddlers havent been forgotten as it includes a mini playground, so there is something for even the tiniest feet to enjoy!
NEW in 2009 was the Castle Dungeon. It takes you back to 1345 when Warwick town was gripped by plague. In true Dungeon style, gore seekers will be greeted by decaying bodies, chanting monks, torture implements, execution and the Labyrinth of lost souls a fantastic scary mirror maze. Warwick Castle truly brings history to life! The re-enactments bring the dungeon to life. They highlight what life was like through the Plague, elements of torture, a court trial and even a gruesome beheading!
The Princess Tower - Opens 11th JulyHere lies the Princess Tower, An enchanted place with magical power. Fairy tales, princes and dressing up is the way, Enter all princesses youll have a wonderful day. This is the perfect attraction for little princesses.Activities start 18th JulyEveryday throughout the summer Warwick they have a full range of activities such as jousting, archery, falconry and combat shows. The trebuchet will be shooting twice a day and there is also a NEW Ballista which will be situated next to the castle ditch, as many would have done during ancient times.Warwick Bowman will also be taking up residency in Warwick Castle again this summer. He will be telling tales of battle and demonstrating the art of archery.Also, there will be a cooks tent and Medieval Camp and the resident Knight and Princess will walk through the castle.
The trebuchet will be firing twice daily in a jaw dropping environment on the Castles River Island. This catapult is an authentic recreation of one of the biggest and deadliest military machines of all time. Siege machines were developed in the 13th Century to attack solid castle walls. As the defence of castles improved, so did the attacking weapons. The trebuchet was the largest and most formidable of siege machines and was a huge catapult.Clarence Tower was formed as part of the great keep or fort of which Richard of Gloucester, later Richard III started to build in 1478. The two towers of the fort which extended into the courtyard were demolished in the early 17th Century. The Clarence Tower room gives an impression of what they would have been like if completed. The room was small and confined and the hard working conditions would have been treacherous, along with the noise from the cannons. There is nowhere to escape the noise which caused soldiers to go deaf.
Caesars tower was built on the orders of Thomas de Beauchamp and is a masterpiece of the 14th Century military architecture. You walk around the top battlements of the castle and come across Caesars Tower built in 1350. The tower has steep steps which spiral all the way to the top until you come out into daylight. You then walk all the way down the spiral stairs again to come out of the three storey tower.The Ghost Tower in Warwick Castle was first built in the 14th Century to guard against enemy approaches from the river. The tower is supposedly haunted by the restless spirit of Sir Fulke Greville, who was murdered by his maidservant. It is decorated in Jacobean style with a gateway leading from the base of the river.
Retaining parts of the medieval castle of the 14th Century, the state rooms have been extended, altered and embellished during virtually every century since to lavishly entertain the noblest of guests and to pay display to the familys most prestigious possessions. These rooms include: The Chapel- Sir Fulke Greville ordered the building of this small chapel in the early 1600s. It might be on the sight of another chapel founded as long ago as 1119. State Dining Room- commissioned by Francis Greville in 1763, the dining room was designed and built by some of Englands 18th Century finest craftsmen. The Great Hall- this is the largest room in the castle and throughout history has been in the very heart of Warwick Castle. The Red Drawing Room- with its read lacquer panelling, this is the first of five state rooms which Robert Greville refurbished in the late 17th Century. The Cedar Drawing Room- intricate cedar panelling gives the rooms its name. It was completed some time in 1670s by two local men, William and Roger Hurlbult. The Green Drawing Room- called green drawing room because of the painted green panelling. The rooms 18th Century is made up of octagonal panels, each with its own individual motif. The Queen Anne Bedroom- this room doesnt take its name from Queen Anne herself but from her bed. The bed hangings are of crimson velvet with sea-green panels. The Blue Boudoir- this is the last of the state rooms. This room looks as much as it did in 1870s.
Warwick Castle has a Conservatory and Peacock Garden which was built in 1786 by local mason, William Eborall. It was originally designed as a home for the Warwick Vase which is a magnificent piece of ancient Roman pottery excavated near Tivoli in 1771. The original vase is now on display at the Burrell Collection in Glasgow but there is a full size replica standing in the conservatory. Directly outside the conservatory is the Peacock Garden which was designed by landscape gardener Robert Marnock. First built in 1068 on the orders of William the Conqueror, its formed the most important part of the Normans castle defence system. Advances in military architecture made it more and more of an outpost. By the 17th Century it had been absorbed within Sir Fulke Grevilles garden so is now hidden in-between many bushes.The Victorian Rose Garden is another amazing outdoor attraction. It was first laid down in 1868 and was also designed by Robert Marnock. By the end of WWII it has disappeared under a tennis court. Fortunately, two of Marnocks original drawings survived so the plot was restored and brought back to life in 1986.
In the 1890s, under the guiding and lavish hand of Frances, (fondly know as Daisy), Countess of Warwick, the castle became a favourite retreat for some of the most important figures in late Victorian society. In 1898 the countess hosted a weekend party at which the principal guest was the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII. Most of the furnishings and fittings which are in the castle were actually there in 1898.The rooms were;The Library, The Music Room, Smoking Room, Ladies Boudoir, Daisys Bedroom, Carnation Bedroom, Dowagers Bedroom, Earls Dressing Room, Kenilworth Bedroom, and the Chinese Bedroom.
There were 42 Earls of Warwick, dating back from 1088 all the way through to the present day. Here are just a few Earls:1088-1119 Henry de Newburgh1119-1153 Roger de Newburgh1263-1268 William Mauduit1319-1396 Thomas de Beauchamp 1416-1449 Anne Beauchamp1561-1590 Ambrose Dudley 1618-1619 Robert Rich I1773-1816 George Greville 1816-1653 Henry Richard Greville 1924-1928 Leopold Guy Greville1996- today Guy GrevilleBOOKLET FOR LOGO
Much more history has happened in Warwick but here is a selection of dates:1068 William the Conqueror built a motte and bailey fort.1264 Warwick Castle was successfully attacked.1395 Cersars tower and dungeon was constructed.1471 Richard Neville, kingmaker, died at the Battle of Barnet.1572 Queen Elizabeth I visited Warwick Castle.1695 King William III visited Warwick Castle.1763 The State Dining Room was completed1871 Fire damaged the castle, damaging the Great Hall1986 Victorian rose Garden was restored2004 Nearly 400 years after his brutal murder, Sir Fulke Grevilles ghost has come back!
On 7th July we visited Warwick Castle. The first thing we did was go to the Dungeons where you could see re-enactments of what life was like in the Dungeon during Plague. This was terrifying as you didnt know what was coming as it was in darkness. The tour round the dungeon started off with monks and then we moved onto the doctor. In each section, the actors told us about what they knew but were in character so acted as if they were from the Plague. The doctor died from the Plague so the actor telling us about him was actually cook. There was a plastic body laid upon a table which the cook opened up and pulled out organs to show us how Plague infected the body. We then moved onto the torture chamber where the woman showed us different implements of torture. There was one for removing the tongue, one for hanging people from heights by the back of their necks and one for removing men's sexual organs. Next we went to the court where Mrs Davies was put upon trial for witchcraft. She was foun