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<ul><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 1/36</p><p>University of Wisconsin-Madison</p><p>ENGINEERING</p><p>ANNUAL REPORT 2009</p></li><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 2/36</p><p> 2 20082009 HigHligHts</p><p> 8 College Departments</p><p> 8 Biomedical Engineering</p><p> 10 Chemical and Biological Engineering</p><p> 12 Civil and Environmental Engineering</p><p> 14 Electrical and Computer Engineering</p><p> 16 Engineering Physics</p><p> 18 Engineering Professional Development</p><p> 20 Industrial and Systems Engineering</p><p> 22 Materials Science and Engineering</p><p> 24 Mechanical Engineering</p><p>26 interDisCiplinary Degree programs</p><p>28 private support</p><p>30 College DireCtory</p><p>32 College inDustrial aDvisory BoarD</p><p>The College of Engineering Annual Report is printed via gift funds</p><p>administered through the University of Wisconsin Foundation.</p><p>2009 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System.</p><p>Published October 2009.</p><p>www..wc.d/w/</p><p>ne can argue that science ac</p><p>progress through the relentles</p><p>pursuit of disassembly over th150 years. To understand the incredibly co</p><p>questions that underlie the biological and</p><p>physical sciences, scientists meticulous</p><p>divided the questions into their componen</p><p>The rapid increase in scientic discipline</p><p>the last century provided us with an oppo</p><p>to make insurmountable challenges more</p><p>approachable. This specialization has se</p><p>the world extremely well, giving us insigh</p><p>the building blocks of physical matter an</p><p>living things, as well as enabling tremendadvances in human health and quality o</p><p>The next 150 years, on the other hand</p><p>be dened by how well we reassemble t</p><p>knowledge in an integrated way. Leading</p><p>in the public and private sector recognize</p><p>next big discoveries, and the next big so</p><p>will likely be found at the intersections of</p><p>powerful disciplines we have constructe</p><p>The rapidly developing Wisconsin Inst</p><p>for Discovery (WID), located directly beh</p><p>in this photo, will establish UW-Madison as a world leader in taking</p><p>Message from Dean Paul S.</p><p>O</p></li><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 3/36</p><p>ENGINEERING</p><p>University of Wisconsin-Madison</p><p>This annual report includes a number of</p><p>accounts of innovative faculty taking the</p><p>academic experience in new directions. Forexample, one professor created animations</p><p>as powerful tools to help students visualize</p><p>challenging concepts in statics. Another</p><p>professor developed a certicate program to</p><p>help engineering students build meaningful</p><p>bridges into the arts, humanities and social</p><p>sciences at UW-Madison.</p><p>The concept of transcending boundaries</p><p>is at the core of UW-Madison values.</p><p>The century-old Wisconsin Idea holds that</p><p>the universitys benets should extend tothe citizens of the state, nation and beyond.</p><p>In conversations with students, I</p><p>frequently mention that engineers will play</p><p>a role in solving every major challenge</p><p>facing society. Yet these complex problems</p><p>will not be solved exclusively by engineers.</p><p>In order to truly make a difference, engineers</p><p>will need to contribute to culturally and</p><p>intellectually diverse teams.</p><p>Through Engineering Beyond Boundaries,</p><p>we hope to make that diversity come to lifefor our students.</p><p>Engineering Beyond Boundaries:Education for a rapidly changing world</p><p>integrated approaches to science and medicine. When completed in spring 2011,</p><p>WID not only will support a wide range of interdisciplinary research, but it also will</p><p>bridge the gap between the public and private sectors to quickly bring essentialhealth advances to patients.</p><p>This shift toward more integrated thinking and problem solving has major</p><p>implications for how we educate future engineers at the UW-Madison College</p><p>of Engineering. Building on the past ve years of progress from the Vision 2010</p><p>Initiative, we have put in place a long-term educational transformation called</p><p>Engineering Beyond Boundaries.</p><p>This initiative will encourage faculty</p><p>and staff to rethink our academic culture</p><p>to address important shifts, including:</p><p> Going beyond traditional engineering</p><p>boundaries.</p><p> Going beyond the boundaries of the state and nation to prepare students</p><p>to work and succeed in many different countries, cultures and languages.</p><p> Going beyond the boundaries of the college itself, with programs supporting</p><p>greater connections across disciplines such as biology, medicine, business</p><p>and the humanities.</p><p> Going beyond the boundaries of the classroom, with new technology and multi-</p><p>media strategies that allow faculty to expand their educational approaches.</p><p> Going beyond the boundaries of conventional thinking about engineering</p><p>education and recasting our content and approaches for a rapidly</p><p>changing world.</p><p>ENGINEERING</p><p>University of Wisconsin-Madison</p></li><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 4/36</p><p>2</p><p>20082009 HIGHLIGHTS</p><p> Wisconsin Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering Rolf Reitzand his students(pictured at</p><p>right)have developed a novel technique in which an engine can, in real time, blend gasoline and diesel</p><p>fuels to create an optimal mix, increasing fuel efciency by an average of 20 percent. If all U.S. cars</p><p>and trucks could achieve fuel-efciency levels demonstrated in the research, transportation-basedoil consumption would drop by one third. Reitz presented his ndings August 3, 2009, at the U.S.</p><p>Department of Energy Diesel Engine-Efciency and Emissions Research Conference.</p><p> An experimental approach to wound healing could take advantage of silvers antibacterial properties,</p><p>while sidestepping the damage silver can cause to cells needed for healing. Working with John T. and</p><p>Magdalen L. Sobota Professor of Chemical and Biological EngineeringNicholas Abbott, postdoctoral</p><p>researcher Ankit Agarwal crafted an ultra-thin material carrying a precise dose of silver. In tests in lab</p><p>dishes, the low concentration of silver killed 99.9999 percent of the bacteria but did not damage cells</p><p>called broblasts that are needed to repair a wound. Agarwal presented his results August 19, 2009,</p><p>at the American Chemical Society Meeting.</p><p> Turning current nanoscale friction theory upside-down, Materials Science and Engineering Assistant</p><p>ProfessorIzabela Szlufarskaand colleagues used computer simulations to demonstrate that atomic-</p><p>level friction occurs much like friction generated between large objects. While the current theories center</p><p>around the idea that nanoscale surfaces are smooth, in reality, nanoscale surfaces resemble a mountain</p><p>range, where each peak corresponds to an atom or a molecule. The team, which included materials science</p><p>and engineering graduate student Yifei Mo and Mechanical Engineering Assistant Professor Kevin</p><p>Turner, found that friction is proportional to the number of atoms that interact between two nanoscale</p><p>surfaces. The researchers published their ndings in the February 26, 2009, issue of the journalNature.</p><p>Healthy broblast cells (green)</p><p>in a low dose of silver</p><p>RESEARCH ADVANCES</p><p>From left: Reed Hanson, Rolf Reitz,</p><p>Derek Splitter and Sage Kokjohn</p><p>Atom-level view of the nanoscale interface between amorphous carbon and diamond. At such</p><p>a small scale, the surfaces are rough, although researchers have been treating them as smooth.</p><p> Wisconsin Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering Rolf Reitzand his students(pictured at</p><p>right)developed a novel technique in which an engine can, in real time, blend gasoline and diesel fuels</p><p>to create an optimal mix, increasing fuel efciency by an average of 20 percent. If all U.S. cars and</p><p>trucks could achieve the fuel-efciency levels demonstrated in the research, transportation-based oilconsumption would drop by one third. Reitz presented his ndings August 3, 2009, at the U.S. Department</p><p>of Energy Diesel Engine-Efciency and Emissions Research Conference.</p><p> In early April 2009, biomedical engineering Ph</p><p>student Adam Wilson posted a status update</p><p>on the social networking website Twitterjust</p><p>by thinking about it. Just 23 characters long,</p><p>his message, using EEG to send tweet,</p><p>demonstrated a natural, manageable way inwhich locked-in patients can couple brain-</p><p>computer interface technologies with modern</p><p>communication tools. To facilitate the message</p><p>Wilson used a simple communication interface</p><p>and Biomedical Engineering Assistant Professo</p><p>Justin Williamsdeveloped with colleagues at</p><p>the Wadsworth Center in Albany, New York.</p><p>Cells die (red) in a</p><p>slightly higher dose of silver</p></li><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 5/36</p><p>ENGINEERING</p><p>University of Wisconsin-Madison</p><p>Engineering designstudents affection-ately call it team time,</p><p>the part of class when</p><p>they brainstorm topics,discuss applications,</p><p>organize a game plan and generally take a design</p><p>idea through its necessary paces.</p><p>The one cardinal rule of team time, says</p><p>Engineering Physics ProfessorWendy Crone, is</p><p>that there never seems to be enough of it.</p><p>Crone and Biomedical Engineering Associate</p><p>Professor Naomi Cheslerdecided to tackle this</p><p>time management challenge by turning to the</p><p>burgeoning eld of online video. Using some of the</p><p>top experts from both on and off the</p><p>UW-Madison campus, the team cre-</p><p>ated a library of two dozen lectures</p><p>that cover the core principles of</p><p>design, including communication,</p><p>design considerations, the</p><p>design process and patents</p><p>and literature.</p><p>Before each topic is</p><p>covered in class, students</p><p>view the corresponding</p><p>video, slides and resource</p><p>links. Topics include human</p><p>factors and ergonomics, codes</p><p>and standards, oral and poster pre-</p><p>sentations, achieving FDA approval, working in</p><p>teams and conict resolution. They come to class</p><p>ready to discuss the principles, rather than hear</p><p>them for the rst time.</p><p>The 100-plus biomedical engineering students</p><p>involved in the 2009 pilot project responded</p><p>positively to the video enhancementsin fact,</p><p>a post-class survey found that 61 percent of</p><p>students preferred the video lectures, compared</p><p>to only 15 percent favoring in-class lectures.</p><p>Theres a strong reason for that preference,</p><p>Crone says. This video option enables students</p><p>to gain more exibility in the classroom through</p><p>more independent work outside of class. They</p><p>can now use that valuable class time to its</p><p>best advantage.</p><p>The exibility of online delivery is another plus,</p><p>Crone says. Students not only access the material</p><p>when and where its convenient, they revisit and</p><p>review the areas where they need more help, and</p><p>skip concepts they have already mastered. And, as</p><p>someone who occasionally gets accused of talking</p><p> With mathematical representations of known</p><p>virus biology, Chemical and Biological Engineering</p><p>ProfessorJohn Yinand former graduate student</p><p>Kwang-il Lim showed, with computational</p><p>models, that simply shufing the order of the ve</p><p>genes in the vesicular stomatitis virus genome</p><p>has a huge effect on how well the virus grows</p><p>and how it interacts with its simulated host cell.</p><p>The research could help guide efforts to develop</p><p>vaccines or to study the genetic basis of other</p><p>viral characteristics, such as how a virus evolves</p><p>to become drug-resistant. Yin and Lim reported</p><p>their results February 6, 2009, in the journal</p><p>PLoS Computational Biology.</p><p> A team of materials researchers developed single-</p><p>material superlattices from silicon nanomembranes.</p><p>Essentially, the equivalent of heterojunction super-</p><p>lattices, the more efcient, easily manufacturedstrained-silicon superlattices could improve</p><p>devices that convert thermal energy into electrical</p><p>energy. Led by Erwin W. Mueller and Bascom</p><p>Professor of Materials Science and Engineering</p><p>Max Lagally, the team published its ndings in the</p><p>March 24, 2009, issue of the journalACS Nano.</p><p>Student Leo Walton</p><p>(wearing the electrode</p><p>cap), Adam Wilson</p><p>(foreground) and</p><p>Justin Williams</p><p>ENGINEERING</p><p>University of Wisconsin-Madison</p><p>too fast in her le</p><p>Crone says som</p><p>students like the</p><p>of putting their in</p><p>on pause.We also hop</p><p>project would build community among stude</p><p>she says. It has done a fantastic job with t</p><p>because they interact heavily with each oth</p><p>week. There is less sitting and listening takin</p><p>Crone came to the design project with g</p><p>experience, having developed a series of o</p><p>guest lectures introducing engineering stud</p><p>research methodology. That program succe</p><p>not only in her course, but the materials ha</p><p>adopted by dozens of other ins</p><p>across the nation and world.</p><p>The video website has rece</p><p>nearly 3,500 unique visitors s</p><p>fall 2008, nearly half from</p><p>outside of Wisconsin.(</p><p>the site at: mrsec.wis</p><p>Edetc/research/index</p><p>A University of Conn</p><p>chemistry professor</p><p>the video on applying</p><p>undergraduate resear</p><p>opportunities essential </p><p>for his students.</p><p>With that success in hand, </p><p>applied for and received an Engineering</p><p>Boundaries grant in 2007 to expand into eng</p><p>design courses. Her project team includes C</p><p>Katie Cadwell, postdoctoral research assoc</p><p>the Materials Research Science and Engine</p><p>Center (MRSEC); and Greta Zenner, directo</p><p>education at MRSEC.</p><p>Through both projects, the MRSEC webs</p><p>features a combined 52 online videos cove</p><p>research, design and professional opportun</p><p>topicsareas that are at the core of the eng</p><p>undergraduate experience. Crone is excited</p><p>the possibilities of this online library being a</p><p>across the spectrum of design and researc</p><p>courses in eight college departments.</p><p>Crone notes that as an engineering phy</p><p>professor, she does not teach design. But t</p><p>part of the beauty of Engineering Beyond</p><p>Boundariesgiving faculty the incentive to</p><p>experiment outside of their comfort zone.</p><p>For me, it has been a permission slip to</p><p>the next cool thing, she says.</p><p>Wendy Crone:</p><p>Taking design courses</p><p>into the YouTube era</p></li><li><p>5/22/2018 Coe Annual Report</p><p> 6/36</p><p>4</p><p>20082009 HIGHLIGHTS</p><p> Steenbock Professor of Chemical and Biologic</p><p>EngineeringJames Dumesicis leading the UW</p><p>Madison collaborators in the $18.5 million Nati</p><p>Science Foundation Engineering Research Cefor Biorenewable Chemicals at Iowa State Univ</p><p>The grant supports collaborative research at s</p><p>universities, three international institutions, an</p><p>nine industry partners aimed at transforming t</p><p>petrochemical-based chemical industry to on</p><p>based on renewable materials.</p><p> The National Cancer Institute awarded a ve-y</p><p>$8.6 million grant to the Center for Health Enha</p><p>ment Systems Studies. The grant established</p><p>Center of Excellence in Cancer Communicatio</p><p>Research II, through which a multidisciplinary </p><p>of scientists is conducting three studies that fon interactive cancer communication systems</p><p>The center also received a ve-year, $2.8 millio</p><p>grant from the National Institute of Alcohol Ab</p><p>and Alcoholism to study ways to reduce relap</p><p>Industrial and Systems Engineering Research</p><p>Professor and center DirectorDavid Gustafso</p><p>the principal investigator (PI) on both grants.</p><p> With funding totaling $7.4 million, Biomedical</p><p>Engineering Assistant ProfessorJustin Willia</p><p>a co-PI or collaborator on two National Institu</p><p>of Health projects that will enable him and his</p><p>colleagues to develop technology that could h</p><p>people with conditions such as ALS, high spin</p><p>cord injuries or brain-stem strokes to regain th</p><p>ability to communicate, and ultimately, to mov</p><p> The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation awarde</p><p>$5.3 million in continued funding for Project</p><p>HealthDesign, an initiative designed to create </p><p>new generation of personal health record sys</p><p>led by Lillian S. Moehlman-Bascom Professor </p><p>Industrial and Systems Engineering and Nursi</p><p>Patricia Flatley Brenn...</p></li></ul>