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  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-1

    Chapter 01 Introduction to Accounting

    True / False Questions

    1. Accounting is an information and measurement system that identifies, records, and communicates financial information to users. True False

    2. Bookkeeping is the same as accounting. True False

    3. Bookkeeping is the recording of transactions and events and is only part of accounting. True False

    4. Accounting is one way important information about businesses is reported to decision makers. True False

    5. Internal reports are subject to the same rules as external reports as consistency is important and makes information more useful to the user. True False

    6. Accounting software packages reduce the time, effort and cost of recordkeeping. True False

    7. Internal auditors assess an employer's procedures and controls over recordkeeping activities and physical control of a firm's assets. True False

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-2

    8. Internal controls are procedures designed to protect company property, ensure reliable reports, promote efficiency and ensure employees follow company policies. True False

    9. Accounting information systems collect, process and report information to decision makers. True False

    10. Managerial accounting is an area of accounting that provides internal reports to assist in the decision-making needs of internal users. True False

    11. The primary objective of financial accounting is to provide general purpose financial statements to help external users analyze and interpret an organization's activities. True False

    12. Opportunities in accounting include auditing, management consulting, and tax planning. True False

    13. The Financial Accounting Standards Board is the private group that sets both broad and specific accounting principles. True False

    14. Generally accepted accounting principles are the basic assumptions, concepts, and guidelines for preparing financial statements. True False

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-3

    15. Generally accepted accounting principles were established to improve conformity in financial reporting by making information relevant, reliable and comparable. True False

    16. US accounting practices are viewed as rule-based as financial statements are prepared using technical, specific and detailed rules. True False

    17. External auditors examine financial statements to determine if they are prepared according to generally accepted accounting principles. True False

    18. External users include lenders, shareholders, customers, and regulators. True False

    19. Internal users include lenders, shareholders, brokers and managers. True False

    20. Identifying the proper ethical path is easy. True False

    21. Ethics are not important to decision making in accounting. True False

    22. Guidelines for ethical decision making requires recognition of an ethical concern and consideration of good and bad consequences. True False

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-4

    23. Good ethics are good business. True False

    24. State ethics codes require CPAs who audit financial statements to disclose areas where those statements fail to comply with GAAP. True False

    25. Public accounting provides the majority of the career opportunities. True False

    26. The majority of accounting career opportunities are in the private sector. True False

    27. Understanding generally accepted accounting principles is not necessary to use and interpret financial statements. True False

    28. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires issuers of securities to disclose the adoption of an ethics code. True False

    29. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an arm of the federal government that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. True False

    30. The Financial Accounting Board is the group that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. True False

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-5

    31. A limited liability company is treated like a corporation for liability and tax purposes. True False

    32. Separate legal status means that a corporation can conduct business with the rights, duties and responsibilities as a person. True False

    33. Separate legal status means that owners, called shareholders are not personally liable for corporate acts and debts. True False

    34. Three forms of business include service providers, wholesalers and retailers. True False

    Multiple Choice Questions

    35. The primary objective of financial accounting is: A. To serve the decision-making needs of internal users. B. To provide financial statements to help external users analyze an organization's activities. C. To monitor and control company activities. D. To provide information on both the costs and benefits of looking after products and services. E. To know what, when, and how much to produce.

    36. External users of accounting information include: A. Shareholders. B. Customers. C. Creditors. D. Government regulators. E. All of these.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-6

    37. Career opportunities in accounting include: A. Auditing. B. Management consulting. C. Tax accounting. D. Cost accounting. E. All of these.

    38. Internal users of accounting information include: A. Shareholders. B. Managers. C. Lenders. D. Suppliers. E. Customers.

    39. Accounting is an information and measurement system that: A. Identifies business activities. B. Records business activities. C. Communicates business activities. D. Helps people make better decisions. E. All of these.

    40. Accounting software: A. Has replaced the need for accountants. B. Has not changed the work that accountants do. C. Has improved clerical accuracy. D. Has replaced the need for decision makers. E. Is only available to large corporations.

    41. The area of accounting aimed at serving the decision-making needs of internal users is: A. Financial accounting. B. Managerial accounting. C. External auditing. D. SEC reporting. E. Bookkeeping.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-7

    42. The financial statements prepared for external users is often referred to as A. The books. B. Integrated financial statements. C. Statements of financial position. D. General purpose financial statements. E. Proforma financial statements.

    43. The organization responsible for overseeing the work of external auditors is the: A. FASB. B. SEC. C. PCAOB. D. GAAP. E. AICPA.

    44. Career opportunities in accounting include: A. Budgeting. B. Auditing. C. Cost accounting. D. Internal Auditing. E. All of these.

    45. Accounting certifications include the: A. Certified Public Accountant. B. Certified Management Accountant. C. Certified Internal Auditor. D. Certified Bookkeeper. E. All of these.

    46. A Certified Public Accountant. A. Must meet education and experience requirements. B. Must pass an examination. C. Must exhibit ethical character. D. May also be a Certified Management Accountant. E. All of these.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-8

    47. Ethical behavior: A. Requires that auditors' pay not depend on the figures in the client's reports. B. Encourages auditors to invest in businesses they audit. C. Does not affect external users. D. Is rarely an issue in business. E. All of these.

    48. The rules adopted by the accounting profession as guides in preparing financial statements are: A. Comprised of both general and specific principles. B. Known as generally accepted accounting principles. C. Abbreviated as GAAP. D. Intended to make information in financial statements relevant, reliable, and comparable. E. All of these.

    49. The board of directors report to A. Shareholders. B. Lenders. C. Management. D. SEC. E. All of these.

    50. The committee that attempts to create more harmony among the accounting practices of different countries by identifying preferred practices and encouraging their worldwide acceptance is the: A. AICPA. B. FASB. C. CAP. D. SEC. E. IASB.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-9

    51. The private board that currently has the authority to establish generally accepted accounting principles is the: A. APB. B. FASB. C. AAA. D. AICPA. E. SEC.

    52. Rules adopted by the accounting profession to make information relevant, reliable and comparable: A. Are comprised of both general and specific principles. B. Are known as generally accepted accounting principles. C. Are abbreviated as GAAP. D. Are established by FASB and SEC. E. All of these.

    53. In order to be useful, accounting information must be A. Reliable. B. Relevant. C. Conform to GAAP. D. Both a and b. E. All of these.

    54. Generally accepted accounting principles: A. Are practices adopted by accountants to make accounting easier. B. Are only necessary when convenient. C. Can be overruled if approved by the SEC. D. Strive to make information relevant, reliable and comparable. E. None of these.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-10

    55. The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) A. Hopes to create harmony among accounting practices of different countries. B. Is the government group that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. C. Has the authority to impose its standards on companies. D. Is the only source of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). E. Only applies to companies that are members of the European Union.

    56. Accounting A. Is an information and measurement system. B. Identifies, records, and communicates information about business activities. C. Helps people make better decisions. D. Provides information about a company's performance. E. All of these.

    57. Examples of social responsibility include: A. Donating computers to a local elementary school. B. Enacting stricter production-pollution standards. C. Sponsoring a summer free-lunch program. D. Improving lighting in a production room. E. All of these.

    58. Ethics: A. Are beliefs that separate right from wrong. B. And law often coincide. C. Help to prevent conflicts of interest. D. Are critical in accounting. E. All of these.

    Essay Questions

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-11

    59. What are the author's recommended three steps for making a good ethical decision?

    60. What aspects of business involve accounting?

    61. Explain why accounting is referred to as "the language of business".

    62. What is social responsibility?

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-12

    63. What is the purpose of the internal controls in a company?

    64. What are some examples of how an organization can act socially responsible?

    65. Explain the role of accounting in the information age.

    66. Explain the flow of accounting in a business's activities.

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-13

    67. What role does technology play in the accounting function?

    68. Identify several opportunities in accounting and its related fields.

    69. Identify the users and uses of accounting information.

    70. What are two questions that an owner might be able to answer by looking at accounting information?

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-14

    71. Explain why ethics are an integral part of accounting.

    72. Identify the two main groups involved in establishing generally accepted accounting principles.

    73. How do the information needs of external users such as lenders differ from an external auditor?

    Fill in the Blank Questions

    74. ______________________ is the recording of financial transactions and events, either manually or electronically. ________________________________________

    75. ____________________ is the information and measurement system that identifies, records, and communicates relevant information about a company's business activities. ________________________________________

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-15

    76. _______________ are those that use accounting information for the purpose of managing the organization. ________________________________________

    77. _________ are beliefs that separate right from wrong. ________________________________________

    78. __________________________ is the recording of transactions or events, and is just one part of accounting. ________________________________________

    79. ______________ users of accounting information are not directly involved in running the organization. ________________________________________

    80. ______________ is the area of accounting aimed at serving external users. ________________________________________

    81. Managerial Accounting is the area of accounting mainly aimed at serving the decision-making needs of the _______________. ________________________________________

    82. _____________________ is the federal agency that sets reporting rules for organizations that sell ownership shares to the public. ________________________________________

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-16

    83. Shareholders are owners of a corporation and typically elect ______________________ to oversee their interests in the corporation. ________________________________________

    84. ______________________ are procedures set up to protect company property and equipment, ensure reliable accounting reports, promote efficiency, and encourage adherence to company policies. ________________________________________

    85. A primary purpose of ________________ is to make information in financial statements relevant, reliable and comparable. ________________________________________

    86. ____________________ is the independent group of full-time members responsible for setting the rules of accounting. ________________________________________

    87. Accounting is an ______________________ that identifies, records and communicates relevant, reliable and comparable information about an organization's economic activities. ________________________________________

    88. International Accounting Standards Board is the group that works to identify ______________ and encourages global acceptance. ________________________________________

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-17

    Chapter 01 Introduction to Accounting Answer Key

    True / False Questions

    1. Accounting is an information and measurement system that identifies, records, and communicates financial information to users. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    2. Bookkeeping is the same as accounting. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    3. Bookkeeping is the recording of transactions and events and is only part of accounting. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-18

    4. Accounting is one way important information about businesses is reported to decision makers. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    5. Internal reports are subject to the same rules as external reports as consistency is important and makes information more useful to the user. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    6. Accounting software packages reduce the time, effort and cost of recordkeeping. TRUE

    AACSB: Technology AICPA BB: Technology AICPA FN: Technology Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    7. Internal auditors assess an employer's procedures and controls over recordkeeping activities and physical control of a firm's assets. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-19

    8. Internal controls are procedures designed to protect company property, ensure reliable reports, promote efficiency and ensure employees follow company policies. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Resource Management AICPA FN: Measurement; Risk Analysis Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    9. Accounting information systems collect, process and report information to decision makers. TRUE

    AACSB: Communication AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Technology AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    10. Managerial accounting is an area of accounting that provides internal reports to assist in the decision-making needs of internal users. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    11. The primary objective of financial accounting is to provide general purpose financial statements to help external users analyze and interpret an organization's activities. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-20

    12. Opportunities in accounting include auditing, management consulting, and tax planning. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 3

    13. The Financial Accounting Standards Board is the private group that sets both broad and specific accounting principles. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 6

    14. Generally accepted accounting principles are the basic assumptions, concepts, and guidelines for preparing financial statements. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 5

    15. Generally accepted accounting principles were established to improve conformity in financial reporting by making information relevant, reliable and comparable. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 5

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-21

    16. US accounting practices are viewed as rule-based as financial statements are prepared using technical, specific and detailed rules. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 6

    17. External auditors examine financial statements to determine if they are prepared according to generally accepted accounting principles. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    18. External users include lenders, shareholders, customers, and regulators. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    19. Internal users include lenders, shareholders, brokers and managers. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-22

    20. Identifying the proper ethical path is easy. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 4

    21. Ethics are not important to decision making in accounting. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 4

    22. Guidelines for ethical decision making requires recognition of an ethical concern and consideration of good and bad consequences. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AACSB: Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 4

    23. Good ethics are good business. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 4

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-23

    24. State ethics codes require CPAs who audit financial statements to disclose areas where those statements fail to comply with GAAP. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

    25. Public accounting provides the majority of the career opportunities. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 3

    26. The majority of accounting career opportunities are in the private sector. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 3

    27. Understanding generally accepted accounting principles is not necessary to use and interpret financial statements. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 5

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-24

    28. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires issuers of securities to disclose the adoption of an ethics code. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 4

    29. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an arm of the federal government that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 6

    30. The Financial Accounting Board is the group that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA BB: Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 6

    31. A limited liability company is treated like a corporation for liability and tax purposes. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 7

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-25

    32. Separate legal status means that a corporation can conduct business with the rights, duties and responsibilities as a person. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 7

    33. Separate legal status means that owners, called shareholders are not personally liable for corporate acts and debts. TRUE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 7

    34. Three forms of business include service providers, wholesalers and retailers. FALSE

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 7

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-26

    Multiple Choice Questions

    35. The primary objective of financial accounting is: A. To serve the decision-making needs of internal users. B. To provide financial statements to help external users analyze an organization's activities. C. To monitor and control company activities. D. To provide information on both the costs and benefits of looking after products and services. E. To know what, when, and how much to produce.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    36. External users of accounting information include: A. Shareholders. B. Customers. C. Creditors. D. Government regulators. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    37. Career opportunities in accounting include: A. Auditing. B. Management consulting. C. Tax accounting. D. Cost accounting. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 3

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-27

    38. Internal users of accounting information include: A. Shareholders. B. Managers. C. Lenders. D. Suppliers. E. Customers.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    39. Accounting is an information and measurement system that: A. Identifies business activities. B. Records business activities. C. Communicates business activities. D. Helps people make better decisions. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    40. Accounting software: A. Has replaced the need for accountants. B. Has not changed the work that accountants do. C. Has improved clerical accuracy. D. Has replaced the need for decision makers. E. Is only available to large corporations.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Technology; Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Technology; Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-28

    41. The area of accounting aimed at serving the decision-making needs of internal users is: A. Financial accounting. B. Managerial accounting. C. External auditing. D. SEC reporting. E. Bookkeeping.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    42. The financial statements prepared for external users is often referred to as A. The books. B. Integrated financial statements. C. Statements of financial position. D. General purpose financial statements. E. Proforma financial statements.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    43. The organization responsible for overseeing the work of external auditors is the: A. FASB. B. SEC. C. PCAOB. D. GAAP. E. AICPA.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-29

    44. Career opportunities in accounting include: A. Budgeting. B. Auditing. C. Cost accounting. D. Internal Auditing. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 3

    45. Accounting certifications include the: A. Certified Public Accountant. B. Certified Management Accountant. C. Certified Internal Auditor. D. Certified Bookkeeper. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 3

    46. A Certified Public Accountant. A. Must meet education and experience requirements. B. Must pass an examination. C. Must exhibit ethical character. D. May also be a Certified Management Accountant. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 3

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-30

    47. Ethical behavior: A. Requires that auditors' pay not depend on the figures in the client's reports. B. Encourages auditors to invest in businesses they audit. C. Does not affect external users. D. Is rarely an issue in business. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 4

    48. The rules adopted by the accounting profession as guides in preparing financial statements are: A. Comprised of both general and specific principles. B. Known as generally accepted accounting principles. C. Abbreviated as GAAP. D. Intended to make information in financial statements relevant, reliable, and comparable. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 5

    49. The board of directors report to A. Shareholders. B. Lenders. C. Management. D. SEC. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-31

    50. The committee that attempts to create more harmony among the accounting practices of different countries by identifying preferred practices and encouraging their worldwide acceptance is the: A. AICPA. B. FASB. C. CAP. D. SEC. E. IASB.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Diversity AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

    51. The private board that currently has the authority to establish generally accepted accounting principles is the: A. APB. B. FASB. C. AAA. D. AICPA. E. SEC.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-32

    52. Rules adopted by the accounting profession to make information relevant, reliable and comparable: A. Are comprised of both general and specific principles. B. Are known as generally accepted accounting principles. C. Are abbreviated as GAAP. D. Are established by FASB and SEC. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 5

    53. In order to be useful, accounting information must be A. Reliable. B. Relevant. C. Conform to GAAP. D. Both a and b. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    54. Generally accepted accounting principles: A. Are practices adopted by accountants to make accounting easier. B. Are only necessary when convenient. C. Can be overruled if approved by the SEC. D. Strive to make information relevant, reliable and comparable. E. None of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 5

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

    1-33

    55. The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) A. Hopes to create harmony among accounting practices of different countries. B. Is the government group that establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public. C. Has the authority to impose its standards on companies. D. Is the only source of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). E. Only applies to companies that are members of the European Union.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics; Diversity AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

    56. Accounting A. Is an information and measurement system. B. Identifies, records, and communicates information about business activities. C. Helps people make better decisions. D. Provides information about a company's performance. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    57. Examples of social responsibility include: A. Donating computers to a local elementary school. B. Enacting stricter production-pollution standards. C. Sponsoring a summer free-lunch program. D. Improving lighting in a production room. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 4

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    58. Ethics: A. Are beliefs that separate right from wrong. B. And law often coincide. C. Help to prevent conflicts of interest. D. Are critical in accounting. E. All of these.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 4 Essay Questions

    59. What are the author's recommended three steps for making a good ethical decision?

    1) Use your personal beliefs about right and wrong to identify any ethical concerns. 2) Look beyond your belief system to consider other influences and all possible consequences. 3) Make a decision that considers all choices and consequences.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal; Global AICPA FN: Decision Making; Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Analysis Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 4

    60. What aspects of business involve accounting?

    All aspects of business involve accounting from buying and selling goods and services to credit approval, checking accounts and payroll. All business functions perform recordkeeping.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Reflective Thinking AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global; Technology AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting; Technology Bloom's Taxonomy: Analysis Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

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    61. Explain why accounting is referred to as "the language of business".

    Because all types and functions of organizations must use this "language" to communicate necessary decision-making information.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Application AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global AICPA FN: Decision Making; Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    62. What is social responsibility?

    A company's involvement in and concern for society's well being. Being socially responsible might include acts of charity, measures to increase product safety, or support of public systems such as education.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global; Resource Management AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 4

    63. What is the purpose of the internal controls in a company?

    Internal controls are necessary to monitor and control a company's activities. Internal control procedures protect, promote reliability, efficiency and adherence to company policies.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Resource Management AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting; Risk Analysis Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

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    64. What are some examples of how an organization can act socially responsible?

    Organizations can make donations to other organizations that focus on social well being, such as hospitals, schools and community programs. They can also become involved in social programs including product and worker safety campaigns.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global; Resource Management AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 4

    65. Explain the role of accounting in the information age.

    Accounting is an information and measurement system. It identifies, records, and communicates relevant, reliable and comparable information about business activities. Accounting also includes the crucial process of analysis and interpretation.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Technology AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Technology AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting; Technology Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    66. Explain the flow of accounting in a business's activities.

    Accounting is a process that identifies business related transaction and events to record, measure and classify. This information must then be communicated out in the form of financial statements.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    67. What role does technology play in the accounting function?

    In today's information age, technology plays a major role in improving efficiency of performing record keeping, as well as reducing frequency of errors.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Technology AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Technology AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting; Technology Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    68. Identify several opportunities in accounting and its related fields.

    The traditional areas of accounting include financial accounting, managerial accounting, and tax accounting. Work in related fields includes lending, underwriting, market research, and business valuation.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 3

    69. Identify the users and uses of accounting information.

    There are two general types of users of accounting information. (1) Internal users are managers and officers of businesses. They require information about business activities in order to make decisions about planning, monitoring, and control. (2) External users rely on financial statements to make business decisions. These users include lenders, and shareholders. Lenders need information for measuring the risk and return of loans. Shareholders need information for assessing the risk and return in owning shares.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    70. What are two questions that an owner might be able to answer by looking at accounting information?

    Some possible questions are: 1) How, what, when and how much must be purchased? 2) What are the projected sales and costs? 3) What are the costs and benefits of particular products and service? 4) What were the payroll costs last month? 5) What is the projected number of employees needed in the next month? Many other questions are possible.

    AACSB: Communication; Application; Analysis; Evaluation AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 2

    71. Explain why ethics are an integral part of accounting.

    The purpose of accounting is to provide useful information for decision makers. For information to be useful, it must be trusted. This requires ethical behavior by accountants and managers in all phases of gathering, analyzing and reporting financial information so that good decisions are made.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 4

    72. Identify the two main groups involved in establishing generally accepted accounting principles.

    The FASB is the private group that establishes GAAP. The SEC establishes reporting requirements for companies that issue stock to the public.

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 6

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    73. How do the information needs of external users such as lenders differ from an external auditor?

    Lenders use a company's accounting information to establish credit-worthiness and assess risk involved in loaning money. Whereas, an external auditors may look at the same accounting information to determine compliance with standards and practices (GAAP).

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 2 Fill in the Blank Questions

    74. ______________________ is the recording of financial transactions and events, either manually or electronically. Recordkeeping or bookkeeping

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

    75. ____________________ is the information and measurement system that identifies, records, and communicates relevant information about a company's business activities. Accounting

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 1

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    76. _______________ are those that use accounting information for the purpose of managing the organization. Internal Users

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 2

    77. _________ are beliefs that separate right from wrong. Ethics

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications; Ethics AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Easy Learning Objective: 4

    78. __________________________ is the recording of transactions or events, and is just one part of accounting. Recordkeeping (or bookkeeping)

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1

    79. ______________ users of accounting information are not directly involved in running the organization. External

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    80. ______________ is the area of accounting aimed at serving external users. Financial accounting

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    81. Managerial Accounting is the area of accounting mainly aimed at serving the decision-making needs of the _______________. internal users

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    82. _____________________ is the federal agency that sets reporting rules for organizations that sell ownership shares to the public. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Legal AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

    83. Shareholders are owners of a corporation and typically elect ______________________ to oversee their interests in the corporation. a board of directors

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    84. ______________________ are procedures set up to protect company property and equipment, ensure reliable accounting reports, promote efficiency, and encourage adherence to company policies. Internal controls

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 2

    85. A primary purpose of ________________ is to make information in financial statements relevant, reliable and comparable. GAAP

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting; Risk Analysis Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 5

    86. ____________________ is the independent group of full-time members responsible for setting the rules of accounting. FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board)

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 6

  • Chapter 01 - Introduction to Accounting

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    87. Accounting is an ______________________ that identifies, records and communicates relevant, reliable and comparable information about an organization's economic activities. information and measurement system (or information system)

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 1

    88. International Accounting Standards Board is the group that works to identify ______________ and encourages global acceptance. preferred accounting practices

    AACSB: Analytic; Communications AICPA BB: Critical Thinking; Industry; Global; Diversity AICPA FN: Measurement; Reporting Bloom's Taxonomy: Comprehension Difficulty: Hard Learning Objective: 6

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